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Chapter 10 & 11 Ownership of the Land and Feeding the World Review 2015.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 10 & 11 Ownership of the Land and Feeding the World Review 2015."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 10 & 11 Ownership of the Land and Feeding the World Review 2015

2 Multiple choice answers Chapter 10 1.D 2.B 3.C 4.A 5.E 6.A 7.A 8.C 9.E 10.A 11.B Chapter B 2.E 3.D 4.C 5.E 6.A 7.C 8.B 9.D 10.D 11.A 12.B 13.E 14.C 15.A

3 Give an example and define the tragedy of the commons.

4 Dilemma arising from the situation in which multiple individuals, acting independently and rationally consulting their own self-interest, will ultimately deplete a shared limited resource even when it is clear that it is not in anyone's long-term interest for this to happen.

5 Give a definition and example of an externality

6 An unexpected consequence of an action.

7 Maximum sustainable yield can be achieved by harvesting the resource at _______

8 Maximum sustainable yield can be achieved by harvesting the resource at 50% of carrying capacity

9 Use this graph to set the ITQ for 10 boats. Make the fishery sustainable and have maximum profits.

10 Use this graph to set the ITQ for 10 boats. Make the fishery sustainable and have maximum profits. MSY is divided by 10 is 50.

11 Name two timber harvesting techniques.

12 Name two timber harvesting techniques. Clear Cutting and Selective cutting

13 Know advantages and disadvantages of the two types of timber harvest.

14 Advantage of Clear Cutting Advantage of Selective Cutting Economically cheaperMimics natural disturbances Good for sun loving speciesProvides shade for streams Opens land for pioneer species Prevents erosion Limits eutrophication

15 What is the resource conservation ethic?

16 What is the resource conservation ethic? Its primary focus is upon maintaining the health of the natural world, its fisheries, habitats, and biological diversity. Use resources sustainably.natural worldfisherieshabitatsbiological diversity

17 What is most of the common land in the United States used for?

18 What is most of the common land in the United States used for? Grazing

19 What did the Taylor Act of 1934 do?

20 What did the Taylor Act of 1934 do? Established permits to allow cattle to graze on common land.

21 How does cattle grazing produce poor water quality?

22 How does cattle grazing produce poor water quality? Cows produce manure which can leach into the water and cause eutrophication. Cows also cause erosion by destroying river banks as they cross streams.

23 Which has greater surface area, a 3 gram cube of pesticide (A) or 3 grams of powdered pesticide (B)?

24 Which has greater surface area, a 3 gram cube of pesticide (A) or 3 grams of powdered pesticide (B)? B

25 Which will react quickest in the environment, a 3 gram cube of pesticide (A) or 3 grams of powdered pesticide (B)?

26 Which will react quickest in the environment, a 3 gram cube of pesticide (A) or 3 grams of powdered pesticide (B)? B

27 Name a negative environmental impact of Urban Sprawl

28 Name a negative environmental impact of Urban Sprawl – less habitat for animals, more driving which increases global temperatures, heat islands, more runoff, less infiltration, etc.

29 What is the greatest threat to terrestrial plant and animal species?

30 What is the greatest threat to terrestrial plant and animal species? Habitat Loss

31 What is an EIS?

32 What is an EIS? Environmental Impact Statements assess the impacts of a project Does an EIS force the developer to follow the most environmentally friendly plan?

33 What is an EIS? Environmental Impact Statements assess the impacts of a project Does an EIS force the developer to follow the most environmentally friendly plan? NO, an EIS only forces developers to list the impacts and suggest alternatives.

34 What part of the United States has the most wilderness areas?

35 What part of the United States has the most wilderness areas? Alaska

36 Name some positive environmental impacts associated with prescribed burns.

37 Name some positive environmental impacts associated with prescribed burns. Future fires are less destructive, reduces underbrush, good for plants that need more sunlight like pioneer species. Some seeds need fire to germinate.

38 What is the Green Revolution in agriculture?

39 What is the Green Revolution in agriculture? The use of machines, fertilizers and pesticides to dramatically increase the amount of food being produced.

40 What are some of the environmental consequences of the Green Revolution in agriculture?

41 What are some of the environmental consequences of the Green Revolution in agriculture? Less habitat and water available for wildlife, nitrogen runoff, pesticide contamination, reduction in biodiversity, use of fossil fuels leads to global warming, soil degradation, soil erosion, fertilizer poisoning of wells, etc.

42 Calculate the energy subsidy if it takes 24 units of energy to produce 2 pounds of pork.

43 Calculate the energy subsidy if it takes 24 units of energy to produce 2 pounds of pork. 12 kw hours.

44 List the two classifications of fertilizers.

45 List the two classifications of fertilizers. Natural and Synthetic

46 Which type of fertilizer do organic farmers use, natural or synthetic?

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48 Look at the picture below and determine the type of agriculture (monocropping or intercropping and list some disadvantages:

49 Look at the picture below and determine the type of agriculture (monocropping or intercropping and list some disadvantages: soil erosion occurs when field is fallow, pests more likely to become established in a monocrop, loss of biodiversity.

50 What is the difference between a selective pesticide and a broad spectrum pesticide?

51 What is the difference between a selective pesticide and a broad spectrum pesticide? Selective pesticides target only one species while broad spectrum pesticides kill all species.

52 Which type of pesticide is most likely to last the longest?

53 Which type of pesticide is most likely to last the longest? Persistent

54 1.The amount of DDT in an anchovy went from 2 micrograms to 6 micrograms. Calculate the percent change. 2.The amount of mercury in swordfish went from 16 parts per billion in 1950 to 12 parts per billion in Calculate the percent change.

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56 1.The amount of DDT in an anchovy went from 2 micrograms to 6 micrograms. Calculate the percent change. 6 micrograms – 2 micrograms = 4 micrograms. 4 micrograms/2 micrograms x 100 = 200% 2. The amount of mercury in swordfish went from 16 parts per billion in 1950 to 12 parts per billion in Calculate the percent change. 12 parts per billion – 16 parts per billion / 16 x 100 = -25%

57 What can a farmer do to get off the Pesticide Treadmill?

58 What can a farmer do to get off the Pesticide Treadmill? Intercropping, rotate crops, biological controls

59 What is a GMO and how is a GMO created?

60 What is a GMO and how is a GMO created? Genetically Modified Organism is created by inserting a gene from another organism. Be sure to know the positive and negative consequences of GMOs.

61 What makes industrial agriculture less sustainable than traditional agricultural practices?

62 Industrial agriculture uses more fossil fuels which contribute to global warming/acid rain, nitrogen fertilizer run off, soil degradation, heavy pesticide use causes the evolution of resistant pests, heavy irrigation of desert areas leads to soil salinization.

63 Identify the farming practice pictured below. Name 2 negative externalities associated with this practice.

64 Identify the farming practice pictured below. Name 2 negative externalities associated with this practice. Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations – lots of manure, some of which ends up in water ways and over use of antibiotics leads to the development of antibiotic resistant bacteria.

65 Give a specific definition for famine and a part of the world prone to famines.

66 Give a specific definition for famine. 5 deaths per day out of 10,000 because of lack of food.

67 Name the concept illustrated below.

68 Name the concept illustrated below. Bioaccumulation/biomagnification

69 What is the biggest threat to marine species?

70 What is the biggest threat to marine species? Over fishing

71 Define aquaculture and describe a positive environmental impact associated with this practice.

72 Define aquaculture and describe a positive environmental impact associated with this practice. Growing marine or freshwater organisms for consumption. May protect wild stocks from over fishing.

73 List some of the negative environmental impacts associated with the practice of aquaculture

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75 What requires a bigger energy subsidy, grain or beef? What requires more water to grow, a kilogram of beef or a kilogram of grain?

76 What requires a bigger energy subsidy, grain or beef? What requires more water to grow, a kilogram of beef or a kilogram of grain?

77 How is organic farming different from industrial farming?

78 How is organic farming different from industrial farming? No pesticides or synthetic fertilizers are used in organic farming.

79 What are some of the elements of an Integrated Pest Management Plan?

80 What are some of the elements of an Integrated Pest Management Plan? Find ways such as biological controls, planting various crops, letting the land go fallow to prevent the need to use more an more stronger insectisides.

81 Which is more expensive to buy, organic food or food produced in a highly mechanized farm?

82 Which is more expensive to buy, organic food or food produced in a highly mechanized farm? Organic food because it is more labor intensive and is done on a smaller scale.

83 How can you prevent the tragedy of the commons in fishing?

84 How can you prevent the tragedy of the commons in fishing? Use size or gear regulations, set ITQ to match MSY, use aquaculture, remove impediments to spawning such as dams for salmon, and only purchase fish that are not over exploited.

85 How are species raised in aquaculture different than wild species?

86 How are species raised in aquaculture different than wild species? Farm salmon are less genetically diverse, require more antibiotics, and are more prone to eutrophy their habitat.

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