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Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Death, Society, and Human Experience 9 th Edition Robert Kastenbaum This multimedia product and its contents are protected.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Death, Society, and Human Experience 9 th Edition Robert Kastenbaum This multimedia product and its contents are protected."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Death, Society, and Human Experience 9 th Edition Robert Kastenbaum This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: Any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; Any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; Preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, or any images; Preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, or any images; Any rental, lease, or lending of the program. Any rental, lease, or lending of the program.

2 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Chapter Eight: Violent Death: Murder, Terrorism, Disaster, and Accident This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: Any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; Any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; Preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, or any images; Preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, or any images; Any rental, lease, or lending of the program. Any rental, lease, or lending of the program.

3 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Homicides Homicide = killing another human being Homicide = killing another human being Justifiable homicide = using lethal force to protect your own lifeJustifiable homicide = using lethal force to protect your own life Negligent homicide = your carelessness results in the death of another personNegligent homicide = your carelessness results in the death of another person Manslaughter = contributing to a death without intending to have done soManslaughter = contributing to a death without intending to have done so Murder = intentional and unlawful act of killing another person Murder = intentional and unlawful act of killing another person

4 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Murder U.S. has the highest murder rate in the Western world (5.6 per 100,000 in 2002; down from the all time high in 1980 of 10.2 per 100,000) U.S. has the highest murder rate in the Western world (5.6 per 100,000 in 2002; down from the all time high in 1980 of 10.2 per 100,000) Gang murder is rising Gang murder is rising Arguments are the most common situation leading to a death Arguments are the most common situation leading to a death Guns are used in 2/3’s of killings; knives second most common Guns are used in 2/3’s of killings; knives second most common Homicides are more common in southern states, metropolitan areas, and impoverished areas Homicides are more common in southern states, metropolitan areas, and impoverished areas

5 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Murder Males are most often the killer and the victim Males are most often the killer and the victim Most at risk of becoming a victim between the ages of 25 and 44. Most at risk of becoming a victim between the ages of 25 and 44. In most cases the murderer and the victim are of the same race. In most cases the murderer and the victim are of the same race. Most murderers are relatives, lovers, friends, neighbors, or colleagues of the victims. Most murderers are relatives, lovers, friends, neighbors, or colleagues of the victims. Murder is the leading cause of death for women in the workplace. Murder is the leading cause of death for women in the workplace.

6 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Domestic Violence Men who kill their partners Men who kill their partners Have an obsession with control and dominanceHave an obsession with control and dominance Generally were abused in their youth; as adults need to feel dominantGenerally were abused in their youth; as adults need to feel dominant Women who kill their partners Women who kill their partners Approximately 1.5 million physical assaults upon women by their male partnersApproximately 1.5 million physical assaults upon women by their male partners Often in response to repeated humiliation, abuse, and injury to themselves or their children from their partnerOften in response to repeated humiliation, abuse, and injury to themselves or their children from their partner

7 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Domestic Violence People who kill children People who kill children Dysfunctional families, lack of parenting skills, Replacement Father SyndromeDysfunctional families, lack of parenting skills, Replacement Father Syndrome Mental disordersMental disorders Circumstances such as unemployment, drug abuse, abandonment of mother and children by fathersCircumstances such as unemployment, drug abuse, abandonment of mother and children by fathers People who kill their parents People who kill their parents 300 parents are killed per year in the U.S. (parricide)300 parents are killed per year in the U.S. (parricide) Most victims and killers and White and non-HispanicMost victims and killers and White and non-Hispanic Most killers are male and have been severely abuse by those parentsMost killers are male and have been severely abuse by those parents Most parents in late 40s or 50sMost parents in late 40s or 50s

8 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Youth and Guns Drive-by Shootings Drive-by Shootings Little or no sense of identification with humanityLittle or no sense of identification with humanity Peer acceptance is the dominant motivationPeer acceptance is the dominant motivation Guns and automobiles are remote and removedGuns and automobiles are remote and removed School Shootings School Shootings Killing has gained acceptance as a way of solving problemsKilling has gained acceptance as a way of solving problems No other way to deal with rejection, frustration and lossNo other way to deal with rejection, frustration and loss Us and Them (or Me and All of You)Us and Them (or Me and All of You)

9 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Mass Killers Mass killing – several people die in a single episode Mass killing – several people die in a single episode Typically a lone, white male in his 20s or 30s, with firearms, who knows few if any of his victimsTypically a lone, white male in his 20s or 30s, with firearms, who knows few if any of his victims Often have a suicidal streak, even motivated to die at the scene of their crimesOften have a suicidal streak, even motivated to die at the scene of their crimes Most are not psychotic, but do have antisocial personalitiesMost are not psychotic, but do have antisocial personalities Angry, feels mistreated, oppressedAngry, feels mistreated, oppressed Rarely a hardened criminalRarely a hardened criminal

10 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Mass and Serial Killers Mass killing continued: Mass killing continued: Seldom draws attention to himself until caughtSeldom draws attention to himself until caught Often found in booming citiesOften found in booming cities Few mass murders in the SouthFew mass murders in the South Serial killing – homicide of three or more people over a period of time Serial killing – homicide of three or more people over a period of time Difficult to establish the number operating in the U.S.; estimates range from 20 to 300Difficult to establish the number operating in the U.S.; estimates range from 20 to 300 Generally not suicidal like a mass killerGenerally not suicidal like a mass killer

11 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Political Murder: Assassination Clark (1982): Four Types of Assassins Clark (1982): Four Types of Assassins Type I: Political ExtremistsType I: Political Extremists Believe their actions are good for society Believe their actions are good for society Type II: Rejected and Misguided PeopleType II: Rejected and Misguided People Anxious people who feel unable to cope Anxious people who feel unable to cope Type III: Antisocial PersonalitiesType III: Antisocial Personalities Show no remorse Show no remorse Type IV: PsychoticsType IV: Psychotics Out of contact with reality Out of contact with reality

12 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon th Century Terrorism and Genocide Often against people of the same land and experiences but who are perceived as being different in a significant way Often against people of the same land and experiences but who are perceived as being different in a significant way Often preceded by denying that other is a human being Often preceded by denying that other is a human being Fear kills – Those in power have feared overthrow Fear kills – Those in power have feared overthrow Cold-blooded “rationalism” kills – planned political operations Cold-blooded “rationalism” kills – planned political operations Religious intolerance instigates and justifies terrorism Religious intolerance instigates and justifies terrorism Terrorism fails – seldom has a terrorist movement achieved its objectives Terrorism fails – seldom has a terrorist movement achieved its objectives

13 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon st Century Terrorism World Trade Center Attacks Profound impact on American attitudes Profound impact on American attitudes Casualties were mostly civiliansCasualties were mostly civilians Destruction occurred on the American mainlandDestruction occurred on the American mainland The skyline of a great city was alteredThe skyline of a great city was altered Victims could communicate with cell phonesVictims could communicate with cell phones All Americans could watch it on t.v.All Americans could watch it on t.v. Changes in government, such as the Department of Homeland Security, and military actionChanges in government, such as the Department of Homeland Security, and military action

14 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Most Common Causes of Accidental Deaths Motor Vehicles (as an occupant) Motor Vehicles (as an occupant) Pedestrian Pedestrian Falls Falls Poisoning Poisoning Drowning Drowning Motorcycle Riding Motorcycle Riding Fires, Smoke, and Burns Fires, Smoke, and Burns Off-Road Motor Vehicles Off-Road Motor Vehicles Firearms (accidental) Firearms (accidental)

15 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Natural Disasters Most common: earthquakes, storms, floods, fires Most common: earthquakes, storms, floods, fires Earthquakes are the most devastating episodic disasters Earthquakes are the most devastating episodic disasters

16 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Glossary: New Terms Assassination Assassination Branch Davidians Branch Davidians Death Instinct Death Instinct Genocide Genocide Homicide Homicide Interpol Interpol Mass Killer Mass Killer Mosque Mosque Murder Murder Parricide Replacement Father Syndrome Serial Killer Terrorism Tsunami


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