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Chapter Three Founding the English Mainland Colonies, 1585-1732.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter Three Founding the English Mainland Colonies, 1585-1732."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter Three Founding the English Mainland Colonies,

2 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-2 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 Following the disappearance of Roanoke, English efforts to establish colonies relied upon 1. members of the nobility. 2. massive government programs. 3. cooperative ventures with the Netherlands and other Protestant powers. 4. investment by merchants in joint-stock companies.

3 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-3 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 Following the disappearance of Roanoke, English efforts to establish colonies relied upon 4. investment by merchants in joint-stock companies. Hint: The crown decided to rely on the wealth of private entrepreneurs, who were able to minimize their risks through the device of the joint-stock company. See page 63.

4 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-4 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 The settlement at Jamestown at first ran into severe difficulty because 1. some of the settlers were gentlemen who did not know how to work. 2. the Indians immediately attacked them. 3. imports of African slaves bankrupted the settlers. 4. hurricanes destroyed Jamestown.

5 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-5 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 The settlement at Jamestown at first ran into severe difficulty because 1. some of the settlers were gentlemen who did not know how to work. Hint: Many were “gentlemen adventurers” who refused to perform manual labor. See pages 64– 66.

6 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-6 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 Most colonists in Virginia eventually moved away from Jamestown because 1. it was unsafe because of the local Indians. 2. Captain John Smith's military form of government was brutal. 3. tobacco became the colony's economic mainstay. 4. it was too expensive to live there.

7 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-7 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 Most colonists in Virginia eventually moved away from Jamestown because 3. tobacco became the colony's economic mainstay. Hint: Tobacco required extensive tracts of land, causing the colonists to expand over a large region. See pages 64–66.

8 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-8 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 One of the most effective ways of attracting English settlers to Virginia in the first half of the seventeenth century was 1. employing free labor at relatively high wages. 2. offering fifty acres of free land per person to those who paid their own passage fares from England. 3. promising great wealth from mining gold and silver. 4. assuring religious dissenters that they would be protected from persecution.

9 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-9 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 One of the most effective ways of attracting English settlers to Virginia in the first half of the seventeenth century was 2. offering fifty acres of free land per person to those who paid their own passage fares from England. Hint: The Company awarded fifty acres for every person who was transported at private expense from England to Virginia. See pages 65–66.

10 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-10 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 Coode’s Rebellion in Maryland in the 1680s is a good example of colonial conflicts between 1. Indians and colonists. 2. Protestants and Catholics. 3. slaves and masters. 4. England and France.

11 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-11 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 Coode’s Rebellion in Maryland in the 1680s is a good example of colonial conflicts between 2. Protestants and Catholics. Hint: See pages 67–68.

12 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-12 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 Plymouth's Mayflower Compact was similar to Virginia's House of Burgesses in that 1. both required church membership in order to vote. 2. the king established them. 3. both gave colonists an opportunity to participate in government. 4. both were abolished under the Dominion of New England.

13 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-13 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 Plymouth's Mayflower Compact was similar to Virginia's House of Burgesses in that 3. both gave colonists an opportunity to participate in government. Hint: The House of Burgesses was a legislative body, and the Mayflower Compact guaranteed political participation to all adult males. See pages 65 and 69.

14 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-14 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 Maryland was similar to Virginia because it 1. was established for religious reasons. 2. relied on tobacco as the basis of its economy. 3. sent an expedition to attempt to capture Florida from the Spanish. 4. None of these

15 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-15 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 Maryland was similar to Virginia because it 2. relied on tobacco as the basis of its economy. Hint: See pages 67–68.

16 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-16 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 Charles I and James II were alike in that 1. they relied on the Dominion of New England to carry out their policies. 2. their religious and political policies led to successful rebellions against them. 3. both had little interest in English colonization. 4. they wanted to abolish the Church of England.

17 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-17 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 Charles I and James II were alike in that 2. their religious and political policies led to successful rebellions against them. Hint: Charles I provoked the Puritans to rebel successfully against him by persecuting them for their religious beliefs. James II was overthrown in the Glorious Revolution of 1688 partly because of his political interference. See pages 62 and 76– 79.

18 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-18 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 The Glorious Revolution 1. had no effect whatsoever in North America. 2. led to the creation of new colonies south of Virginia. 3. caused American Indians all along the frontier to attack the colonists. 4. stimulated a rebellion in Massachusetts.

19 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-19 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 The Glorious Revolution 4. stimulated a rebellion in Massachusetts. Hint: For the rebellion in New York and in Massachusetts, see pages 67–68 and 78–79.

20 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-20 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 Bacon's Rebellion is best described as 1. an unsuccessful attempt to challenge the Church of England. 2. a rebellion by frontier interests. 3. a boundary dispute between Virginia and Maryland. 4. an uprising of American Indians against white settlers.

21 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3-21 Berkin, Making America Chapter 3 Bacon's Rebellion is best described as 2. a rebellion by frontier interests. Hint: Planters on the frontier objected to unequal taxation imposed on frontier settlers and to a lack of government military support when conflict with the Indians erupted in See page 68.


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