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The English Establish 13 Colonies1585 - 1732 Mrs. Kercher.

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Presentation on theme: "The English Establish 13 Colonies1585 - 1732 Mrs. Kercher."— Presentation transcript:

1 The English Establish 13 Colonies1585 - 1732 Mrs. Kercher

2 I. Early Colonies Have Mixed Success A. Roanoke (1585) and Sagadahoc (1607) failed 1. Sir Walter Raleigh lost his money B. New way to pay for them: joint-stock companies 1. many investors share risk and reward 2. they must get a charter (king's permission slip) 3. colonies important in mercantilism a. make the mother country rich

3 I. Early Colonies Have Mixed Success C. Jamestown was founded (1607) 1. at first they struggled 2. John Smith and Lord De La Warr brought discipline 3. Pocahontas helped relationship with natives 4. tobacco became profitable 5. private property gave colonists incentive 6. indentured servants provided workers

4 I. Early Colonies Have Mixed Success 7. the House of Burgesses was formed a. the first representative assembly in the colonies b. could pass laws and raise taxes c. King James took it away, the colonists protested, King Charles gave it back

5 II. New England Colonies A. Pilgrims founded Plymouth (1620) 1. dissenters (disagreed with the Church) and were persecuted (treated badly) 2. left on the Mayflower a. wrote the Mayflower Compact: started self-government and majority rule 3. Struggled at first, then Thanksgiving

6 II. New England Colonies B. Puritans founded Massachusetts Bay (1630) 1. also dissenters and persecuted 2. the Great Migration: 20000 left England 3. succeeded right away 4. organized by congregations 5. believed in hard work, education, representation

7 II. New England Colonies C. Dissenters in the colonies 1. Roger Williams – founded Rhode Island 2. Anne Hutchinson – banished 3. Quakers – some put to death by Puritans D. New England 1. mostly Puritan, middle class 2. congregations/towns were self-governing 3. governor and legislature elected 4. had conflicts with the natives

8 III. The Southern Colonies A. Lord Baltimore founded Maryland 1. refuge (safe place) for Catholics a. also persecuted in England 2. proprietary colony (one owner) a. Virginia & Massachusetts were joint-stock colonies (many owners) 3. passed the Toleration Act (allowed all religions)

9 III. The Southern Colonies B. North and South Carolina 1. proprietary colonies 2. haven for Hugenots (French Protestants) 3. growing rice led to slaves and planters 4. colonists rebelled over conflicts with natives, became royal colonies (owned by the king)

10 III. The Southern Colonies C. Georgia 1. proprietary colony (James Oglethorpe) 2. haven for debtors (people who owe money) 3. Oglethorpe opposed plantations, colonists revolted, became a royal colony D. Southern culture 1. wealthy plantations along coast 2. poorer colonists had small farms on the frontier 3. growing slave population 4. religious freedom

11 IV. The Middle Colonies A. Hudson & Delaware Rivers, good soil, mild winters 1. shipping, trade, and farming 2. diverse settlers (many different people) B. New Sweden became New Netherland 1. patroon system– bring 50 people, get land 2. became the most tolerant colony

12 IV. The Middle Colonies C. New Netherland became New York 1. proprietary colony (the Duke of York) 2. York gave New Jersey to his friends a. they offered land and religious freedom 3. the king gave Pennsylvania to William Penn a. created a “holy experiment” for Quakers b. The Frame of the Government (1682) – provided religious tolerance c. Pennsylvanians became very wealth d. Delaware became independent in 1701

13 IV. The Middle Colonies D. By 1730s 1. 13 colonies 2. fast growing population 3. regions different and the same a. different economies and cultures b. most valued representation, religious freedom, opportunity, and the rule of law

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