2Question???It’s easy to see how genes located on different chromosomes assort independently, but what about genes located on the same chromosome? Wouldn’t they generally be inherited together?
3The answer to the question is… Yes!!Thomas Hunt Morgan’s research on fruit flies led him to the principle of linkage.After identifying more than 50 fruit fly genes, Morgan discovered that many of them appeared to be “linked” together.
4Morgan’s ExperimentMorgan and his friends found that the fruit fly had 4 linkage groups (genes that were inherited together).The linkage groups assorted independently but all the genes were inherited together.The fruit flies not only had 4 linkage groups but they had 4 pairs of chromosomes which led to two conclusions…….
5Conclusions of fruit flies 1. Each chromosome is actually a group of linked genes.2. Mendel’s principle of independent assortment still holds true.It is the chromosomes that assort independently, not individual genes.
6The genes for this fruit fly’s reddish-orange eyes and miniature wings are almost always inherited together.The reason for this is that the genes are close together on asingle chromosome.
7So.. What is a gene map?It shows the relative locations of each known gene on one chromosome.
8The numbers given the exact location on the chromosome