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Biology Chapter 11-5 Linkage and Gene Maps.

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Presentation on theme: "Biology Chapter 11-5 Linkage and Gene Maps."— Presentation transcript:

1 Biology Chapter 11-5 Linkage and Gene Maps

2 Question??? It’s easy to see how genes located on different chromosomes assort independently, but what about genes located on the same chromosome? Wouldn’t they generally be inherited together?

3 The answer to the question is…
Yes!! Thomas Hunt Morgan’s research on fruit flies led him to the principle of linkage. After identifying more than 50 fruit fly genes, Morgan discovered that many of them appeared to be “linked” together.

4 Morgan’s Experiment Morgan and his friends found that the fruit fly had 4 linkage groups (genes that were inherited together). The linkage groups assorted independently but all the genes were inherited together. The fruit flies not only had 4 linkage groups but they had 4 pairs of chromosomes which led to two conclusions…….

5 Conclusions of fruit flies
1. Each chromosome is actually a group of linked genes. 2. Mendel’s principle of independent assortment still holds true. It is the chromosomes that assort independently, not individual genes.

6 The genes for this fruit fly’s reddish-orange eyes and miniature
wings are almost always inherited together. The reason for this is that the genes are close together on a single chromosome.

7 So.. What is a gene map? It shows the relative locations of each known gene on one chromosome.

8 The numbers given the exact location on the chromosome

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