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Conrad-Demarest Model of Empires How do the Persians fit into the model? AP World History Unit 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Conrad-Demarest Model of Empires How do the Persians fit into the model? AP World History Unit 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Conrad-Demarest Model of Empires How do the Persians fit into the model? AP World History Unit 1

2 Empire Models Questions to consider: Questions to consider: What is the Conrad-Demarest Model of Empire? What is the Conrad-Demarest Model of Empire? What are the limits of using models to understand history? What are the limits of using models to understand history?

3 Pre-Conditions for Empire 1. State level government. 2. High agricultural potential. 3. Environmental diversity. 4. Several small states with no dominate power. 5. Mutual hostility between small states. 6. Adequate military resources.

4 Persian Imperial Example 4 empires ruled 558 BCE to 651CE. 4 empires ruled 558 BCE to 651CE. Mesopotamian states ripe for conquest. Mesopotamian states ripe for conquest. Environmental mosaic: mountains, valley plateaus, jungles, deserts, arable lands, bordered many seas. Environmental mosaic: mountains, valley plateaus, jungles, deserts, arable lands, bordered many seas. Equestrian skills and horses. Equestrian skills and horses. Alfalfa fed to horses made them stronger. Alfalfa fed to horses made them stronger.

5 Persian Imperial Government Capital at Persepolis. Capital at Persepolis. 23 regional satrapies appointed by emperor. 23 regional satrapies appointed by emperor. Locals appointed to serve as satraps. Locals appointed to serve as satraps. Audits by roving bands of government spies. Audits by roving bands of government spies. Military officers to keep regions honest. Military officers to keep regions honest. Regulated taxes and standardized laws. Regulated taxes and standardized laws. Built good roads for communication and control. Built good roads for communication and control. Courier service with horses, could travel one week from one end of the empire to the other. Courier service with horses, could travel one week from one end of the empire to the other. Policy of toleration of local beliefs. Policy of toleration of local beliefs.

6 State Ideology Supports: Supports: Personal identification with the state. Personal identification with the state. Belief in the empire. Belief in the empire. Military conquest to expand empire. Military conquest to expand empire. Militarism: Militarism: Glorification of the ideals of a professional military class. Glorification of the ideals of a professional military class. Predominance of the armed forces in the administration or policy of the state. Predominance of the armed forces in the administration or policy of the state. A policy in which military preparedness is of primary importance to a state. A policy in which military preparedness is of primary importance to a state.

7 Persian Imperial Example Continual expansion by conquest: Continual expansion by conquest: Egypt, Anatolia, Thrace, Macedonia, Indus River Valley. Egypt, Anatolia, Thrace, Macedonia, Indus River Valley. Zoroastizism and Darius. Zoroastizism and Darius. Warrior class most important. Warrior class most important.

8 Characteristics of an Empire 1. Building roads and transportation networks. 2. Trade increases. 3. Cosmopolitan cities, art, and education. 4. Bureaucracy, taxes, coinage, and imperial laws enforced. 5. Official language. 6. Law and justice. 7. Standards over conquered people.

9 Persian Imperial Example Royal road and canals. Royal road and canals. Largest empire of its time period, expanded from East Asia to Europe to Northern Africa. Largest empire of its time period, expanded from East Asia to Europe to Northern Africa. Persepolis. Persepolis. Persian language was the official language. Persian language was the official language. Equal treatment of the people they conquered. Equal treatment of the people they conquered. Freeing the Jews. Freeing the Jews. Hated Greeks, but respected their knowledge. Hated Greeks, but respected their knowledge.

10 Results of Empires 1. Economic rewards. 2. Stability and prosperity. 3. Population increase.

11 Persian Imperial Example Governed 35 million subjects. Governed 35 million subjects. Royal roads, peace, standardized coins fostered increased trade. Royal roads, peace, standardized coins fostered increased trade. Regular taxes from satraps replaced intermittent tributes. Regular taxes from satraps replaced intermittent tributes.

12 Reasons for Downfall 1. Failure of leadership. 2. Overextension. 3. Failure to continue expansion undermines government support. 4. Rebellions.

13 Persian Imperial Example Parthians rebelled against Seleucids. Parthians rebelled against Seleucids. Persian Wars vs. Greek city-states. Persian Wars vs. Greek city-states. Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great. Macedonia. Macedonia. Rome in 280 CE. Rome in 280 CE. Rise of Islam in 651 CE. Rise of Islam in 651 CE.


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