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PERSIAN EMPIRE Darius Expands the Empire. Darius Extends Persian Control After Cyrus ʼ s death, weaker ruler= rebellions Darius followed= put down revolts.

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Presentation on theme: "PERSIAN EMPIRE Darius Expands the Empire. Darius Extends Persian Control After Cyrus ʼ s death, weaker ruler= rebellions Darius followed= put down revolts."— Presentation transcript:

1 PERSIAN EMPIRE Darius Expands the Empire

2 Darius Extends Persian Control After Cyrus ʼ s death, weaker ruler= rebellions Darius followed= put down revolts Conquered lands= India Persian Empire= 2,800 miles from E to W

3 Darius Extends Persian Control Darius the Great (521-486 B.C.) Largest empire Great administrator Achaemenid Empire= 70+ different ethnic groups

4 Darius Extends Persian Control Centralized administration=communication throughout empire Capital=Persepolis Royal residences Military quarters Treasury

5 Political Organization Divided into provinces Provinces—areas similar to states, each w/ local gov’t Set up satraps—governors who ran provinces, collected taxes Appointed military commanders for each satrap

6 Political Organization Balance between central power & local Most satraps were Persian w/ locals a posts Imperial Spies= “king ʼ s eyes and ears” helped him control satraps

7 Uniting the Empire Started use of Royal Road for gov’t purposes Royal mgs sent by relay Asia Minor to Iran Moved troops, mail, and promoted trade Law code based on Hammurabi ʼ s Minted coins

8 Enemies of Persia Darius died in 486 B.C. Followed by son, Xerxes, who had to deal with Egypt and Greece

9 Enemies of Persia Xerxes (486-465 B.C.E.), flaunted Persian identity & imposed values Created ill will in Mesopotamia and Egypt

10 The Persian Wars (500 – 479 B.C.E.) Greeks in Anatolia resented Persian governors Rebelled= expelling or executing governors Launched a series of conflicts= Persian Wars

11 The Persian Wars (500 – 479 B.C.E.) 150 yrs, Persian empire fought w/ Greek cities Greek cities= too small & unorganized to pose a serious threat Standoff ended with the rise of Alexander of Macedon or Alexander the Great Persian Empire ended

12 Quick Review How large did the Persian Empire grow? Where did Darius build the Persian capital? What were some of Darius’ strategies for controlling his large empire? Which leader struggled with tolerance? What brought an end to the Persian Empire

13 Venn Diagram: Cyrus vs. Darius vs. Xerxes


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