Presentation on theme: "Darius Expands the Empire"— Presentation transcript:
1 Darius Expands the Empire Persian EmpireDarius Expands the Empire
2 Darius Extends Persian Control After Cyrusʼs death, weaker ruler= rebellionsDarius followed= put down revoltsConquered lands= IndiaPersian Empire= 2,800 miles from E to WAfter Cyrusʼs death, weaker ruler faced rebellionsDarius I followed weak ruler, put down revoltsDarius conquered lands as far east as IndiaPersian Empire grew to 2,800 miles from east to west
3 Darius Extends Persian Control Darius the Great ( B.C.)Largest empireGreat administratorAchaemenid Empire= 70+ different ethnic groupsDarius the Great ( B.C.E.)Built the largest empire the world had ever seen.He was known for being a great administrator.The Achaemenid Empire had more than 70 different ethnic groups.He established an empire that provided for communication throughout
4 Darius Extends Persian Control Centralized administration=communication throughout empireCapital=PersepolisRoyal residencesMilitary quartersTreasuryPersepolis was the administrative center and monument to the dynasty.Bustled with ministers, advisors, diplomats, scribes, accountants, translators and bureaucratic officers.
5 Political Organization Divided into provincesProvinces—areas similar to states, each w/ local gov’tSet up satraps—governors who ran provinces, collected taxesAppointed military commanders for each satrapDarius divided large empire into 20 provincesprovinces—areas of land similar to states, each with local governmentset up satraps—governors who ran provinces, collected taxesappointed military commanders for each satrapspies called “kingʼs eyes and ears” helped Darius control satraps
6 Political Organization Balance between central power & localMost satraps were Persian w/ locals a postsImperial Spies= “kingʼs eyes and ears” helped him control satraps
7 Uniting the Empire Started use of Royal Road for gov’t purposes Royal mgs sent by relayAsia Minor to IranMoved troops, mail, and promoted tradeLaw code based on HammurabiʼsMinted coinsDarius started use of Royal Road for government purposesroyal messages sent by a relay of horseback messengerstook caravans 90 days to travel this road, lodging at inns along the well-policed route.stretched from Sardis to Susa; moved troops, mail, and promoted tradeDarius set up law code based on Hammurabiʼs and used minted coins
8 Enemies of Persia Darius died in 486 B.C. Followed by son, Xerxes, who had to deal with Egypt and GreeceDarius died in 486 B.C., before attacking Egyptian rebelsfollowed by son, Xerxes, who had to deal with Egypt and Greece
9 Enemies of PersiaXerxes ( B.C.E.), flaunted Persian identity & imposed valuesCreated ill will in Mesopotamia and Egypt
10 The Persian Wars (500 – 479 B.C.E.) Greeks in Anatolia resented Persian governorsRebelled= expelling or executing governorsLaunched a series of conflicts= Persian WarsThe Achaemenids had a difficult time with their ethnic Greek subjects and efforts to control the Greeks helped to bring about the collapse of the Achaemenid empire. Ethnic Greeks inhabited many of the cities in Anatolia especially the region of Ionia on the Aegean coast of western Anatolia and they maintained close economic and commercial ties with their cousins in the peninsula of Greece. The Iionian Greeks fell under Persian domination during the reign of Cyrus. They became restive under Darius’s Persian governors “tyrants” the Greeks called them who oversaw their affairs. In 500 B.C.E. the Ionian cities rebelled, expelled or executed their governors and asserted their independence. Their rebellion launched a series of conflicts known as the Persian Wars (500 to 479 B.C.E.)
11 The Persian Wars (500 – 479 B.C.E.) 150 yrs, Persian empire fought w/ Greek citiesGreek cities= too small & unorganized to pose a serious threatStandoff ended with the rise of Alexander of Macedon or Alexander the GreatPersian Empire endedFor 150 years, the Persian empire sparred with the Greek cities.The Greek cities were too small and disunited to pose a serious threat to the Persian empire.The standoff ended with the rise of Alexander of Macedon or Alexander the Great.
12 Quick Review How large did the Persian Empire grow? Where did Darius build the Persian capital?What were some of Darius’ strategies for controlling his large empire?Which leader struggled with tolerance?What brought an end to the Persian Empire