2Pigs Invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis. Assassinated on November John F. KennedyJohn F. Kennedy was elected President in He was president during the Bay ofPigs Invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis. Assassinated on November22nd 1963.
3to home building during the post World War II era. William J. LevittWilliam J. Levitt was responsible for bringing the “assembly line” processto home building during the post World War II era.
4Richard M. NixonRichard M. Nixon ran for president in He was elected president in He eventually was forced to resign office in 1974 as a result of the Watergate Scandal
5Joseph McCarthyJoseph McCarthy Senator who conducted political “witch hunts” in the 1950s seeking to show Communist influence in American society.
6Robert F. KennedyRobert F. Kennedy was a Massachusetts Senator (younger brother of JFK) who was assassinated in 1968 during the Democratic national primary.
7Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were a couple that were convicted of spying for the USSR—and executed.
8Nikita KhrushchevNikita Khrushchev was Leader of the USSR from Dealt with Nixon in the Kitchen Debates as well as with JFK during the Cuban Missile Crisis.
9Muhammad AliMuhammad Ali was a talented boxer who caused controversy by refusing to servein Vietnam.
10United States from 1953-1961 (elected in ’52 and ’56) Dwight D. EisenhowerDwight D. Eisenhower was a former World War II General. Served as President of theUnited States from (elected in ’52 and ’56)
11Lyndon B. JohnsonLyndon B. Johnson was Vice President under John F. Kennedy. Came to power in1963 following the death of JFK. Elected by a landslide in Known for passage of Civil Rights Laws as well as for escalation of the Vietnam War.
12Lee Harvey OswaldLee Harvey Oswald was the Alleged assassin of President John F. Kennedy. He was killed by a nightclub owner, Jack Ruby 2 days after the murder of President Kennedy.
13President Truman for insubordination. He and Truman disagreed about Douglas MacArthurDouglas MacArthur was a World War II and Korean War General who was fired byPresident Truman for insubordination. He and Truman disagreed aboutusing the atom bomb on Korea and China.
14J.D. TippitJ.D. Tippit was a Dallas Police officer allegedly killed by Lee Harvey Oswald.
15Elvis Presley was the “King” of Rock and Roll. He emerged on the music scene in the 1950’s and was a cultural icon until his death in 1977.
16Jack Ruby was a Dallas nightclub owner with ties to organized crime. He gunned down Lee Harvey Oswald on national television.
17a military escort to attend classes at Central High School. The Little Rock 9The Little Rock 9 were African American students in Arkansas who had to havea military escort to attend classes at Central High School.
18the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Dr King promoted change through Martin Luther King Jr.Martin Luther King Jr. was Civil Rights leader who made a name for himself duringthe Montgomery Bus Boycott. Dr King promoted change throughnon-violent methods.
19by any means necessary (including violence). Malcolm XMalcolm X was a Civil Rights leader who advocated equality and segregationby any means necessary (including violence).
20Elijah MuhammadElijah Muhammad was the Founder of the Nation of Islam. His teachings influenced Malcolm X.
21was not achieved that violence would erupt in the streets. James BaldwinJames Baldwin was an African American author who warned that if racial justicewas not achieved that violence would erupt in the streets.
22They have sold more albums in the United States than any other group. The BeatlesThe Beatles were a British Rock band who came to the United States in 1964.They have sold more albums in the United States than any other group.
23The Rolling StonesThe Rolling Stones were a British Rock band who came to the United States in 1964.Their song “Satisfaction” became an anthem for the decade of the 1960s.
24The Marshall plan provided aid to war-torn countries in Europe during the post World War II period.
25placed on “BLACK POWER” The Black PanthersThe Black Panthers was a group was formed in the late 1960s with an emphasisplaced on “BLACK POWER”
26The Warren CommissionThe Warren Commission was a group was ordered to investigate the murder of President John F. Kennedy. They concluded that a lone assassin killed the President. This conclusion has been debated by many.
27The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) This group was founded in 1957 by Martin Luther King Jr. –It advocated peaceful, non-violent protests.
28The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)This group was founded in and worked to improve civil rights by means of using the court system.
29Freedom Riders were groups of young people who would travel together interracially on busses in order to de-segregate the South.
30Hot WarHot War This refers to armed conflicts where people are killed (i.e. Korea/Vietnam)
31The Iron Curtain was a phrase was coined by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to describe the division between the Communistsand Non-Communists particularly in Europe.
32The Cold War This refers to the philosophical struggle between the United States (Democracy) and the USSR (Communism) from 1945until the early 1990s.
33The Cuban Missile Crisis The Cuban Missile Crisis This event took place in October of It involved aconfrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union overissues in Cuba.
34all of the surrounding countries would fall as well The Domino TheoryThe Domino Theory This premise held that if one country fell to Communismall of the surrounding countries would fall as well
35The Bay of Pigs Invasion The Bay of Pigs Invasion This military action took place in 1961 in Cuba. Cubanexiles attempted to retake the country from the Communist Fidel CastroThe U.S. failed to provide air support for the exiles which resulted in theirdefeat.
36The G.I. Bill This provided low interest loans and money for education for returning war veterans.
37seven wounds on President Kennedy and Texas governor John Connally The Magic BulletThe Magic Bullet A key part of the Warren Report, this supposedly causedseven wounds on President Kennedy and Texas governor John Connally
38The Baby BoomThe Baby Boom was a population explosion of 25 million between
39Sit ins-were a type of protest used often in the Civil Rights and Sin InsSit ins-were a type of protest used often in the Civil Rights andFree Speech Movements.
40The Kitchen DebatesThe Kitchen Debates These informal discussions pitted the merits of Communismversus Democracy.
41The March on Washington D.C. The March on Washington D.C. This Civil Rights event culminated in a rousing “I Have a Dream” speechby Martin Luther King Jr.
42SputnikSputnik This satellite was launched by the USSR in October of 1957—This began the Space Race.
43The Tet Offensive This military action took place in Vietnam in 1968. Though it was a military victory for the U.S. it showed the American people that the war was not going well and was a psychological lift to the North Vietnamese/Vietcong.
44Dejure SegregationDejure Segregation is segregation by law. Found most commonly in the South.
45Defacto SegregationDefacto Segregation refers to segregation by fact. Found most commonly in the North.
46Why was there such a different reception for Korean War veterans than World War II veterans? (The Century—Best Years)
47What was a blacklist? How did political witch-hunts result in these lists? (The Century—Best Years)
48Discuss gender roles in the 1950s. Why were these roles so rigid Discuss gender roles in the 1950s. Why were these roles so rigid? How have these roles changed? How have they remained similar? (The Century—Happy Daze)
49Rock-n-roll debuted in the 1950s and caused consternation among some of the older generation. Why were traditionalists so concerned about the effects of rock-n-roll? (The Century—Happy Daze)
50The early 1960s were unique in that it was truly a youth culture The early 1960s were unique in that it was truly a youth culture. Discuss some ways in which this is evident (The Century—Poisoned Dreams)
51What is a "cold warrior. " How were both John F What is a "cold warrior?" How were both John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon cold warriors? (The Century—Poisoned Dreams)
52Discuss the role of television in the 1960 presidential election (The Century—Poisoned Dreams)
53The era of student protest began at University of California, Berkeley The era of student protest began at University of California, Berkeley. What prompted these student protests? (The Century—Unpinned)
54How and why did the United States get involved in the Vietnam War How and why did the United States get involved in the Vietnam War? (The Century—Unpinned)
55How was the counterculture symbolic of the generational conflicts in America in the 1960s? (The Century—Unpinned)
56The actions of the Women's Liberation Movement broke many of the gender boundaries and taboos of earlier eras. How did the Civil Rights Movement influence this movement? (The Century—Unpinned)
57Discuss the role of television in the Vietnam War Discuss the role of television in the Vietnam War. (The Century—Unpinned)
58Discuss the class antagonisms of the Vietnam War and the war protests Discuss the class antagonisms of the Vietnam War and the war protests. (The Century—Unpinned)
59Essay Question Options A and B (You will answer A or B) Question A (Chapter 27 in your text) as well as Happy Daze/Poisoned Dreams/Unpinned)Both Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X were bold leaders who called for equality for black Americans. However they differed in their approach. Within your essay, explain the following:A. How did each leader feel that equality should be achieved?B. Where did each leader get their concepts from?C. Which method do you believe was best and why?Question BIt can be argued that the Civil Rights Movement within the United states was a nearly 100 year process spanning the time from the end of the Civil War and the Reconstruction Era to the passage of legislation in the 1960's. Use the following terms to help describe the history of the Civil Rights movement from to 1965: 13th Amendment, 14th Amendment, 15th Amendment, Black Codes, KKK, Jim Crow Laws, Plessy Vs. Ferguson (Separate but Equal), Brown vs. Board of Education (integration of Public School facilities) Little Rock Nine, Civil Rights Act of 1964, Voting Rights Act of 1965.
60Question C. (3 options--Choose one of the three).—Info from various documentaries/discussion about the JFK AssassinationWrite an essay in which you act as Lee Harvey Oswald’s defense attorney. Within your presentation, outline the evidence that leads to the conclusion that Oswald did not assassinate John F. Kennedy. You should have AT LEAST THREE major arguments in Oswald’s defense.Complete an essay in which you outline and discuss which conspiracy theory holds the most credibility. Explain the major tenets of the theory and then explain why you feel that the theory has credibility. Be sure to back up your arguments with facts and examples.Write an essay in which you act as the prosecuting attorney against Lee Harvey Oswald. Within your presentation, outline the evidence that leads to the conclusion that Oswald was the lone assassin and responsible for the death of President Kennedy. You should have AT LEAST THREE major arguments in your prosecution of Oswald.
61Video/Website LinksReturn to my U.S. History page and scroll down for links to videos/websites.