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Clicker Quiz 1 Anatomy. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ___________ is the study of the body's structure. A.Histology B.Anatomy C.Embryology D.Physiology.

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Presentation on theme: "Clicker Quiz 1 Anatomy. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ___________ is the study of the body's structure. A.Histology B.Anatomy C.Embryology D.Physiology."— Presentation transcript:

1 Clicker Quiz 1 Anatomy

2 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ___________ is the study of the body's structure. A.Histology B.Anatomy C.Embryology D.Physiology

3 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following is a logical organization? A.Atoms, cells, molecules, tissues B.Molecules, atoms, cells, tissues C.Atoms, tissues, molecules, cells D.Atoms, molecules, cells, tissues

4 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. What is the definition of homeostasis? A.The ability to maintain relatively stable external conditions even though the inside world changes continuously B.When the output shuts off the original effect of the stimulus C.The response enhances the original stimulus so that the response is accelerated D.The ability to maintain relatively stable internal conditions even though the outside world changes continuously

5 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following is an example of a negative feedback mechanism? A.During labor, as uterine contractions begin, levels of the hormone oxytocin continuously rise to further stimulate more contractions. B.The thyroid gland releases thyroid hormone under the influence of the hormone TSH. TSH release decreases when thyroid hormone levels reach their set point. C.An individual who is incapable of synthesizing thyroid hormone will often develop an enlarged thyroid gland due to continuous TSH stimulation.

6 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. If someone has broken a leg, he or she has damaged the ________ division of the body. A.Dorsal B.Appendicular C.Superficial D.Axial

7 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The term ___________ refers to internal organs, while the term _________ refers to body cavity walls. A.serosa; pleural B.visceral; ventral C.serosa; parietal D.visceral; parietal

8 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which single abdominopelvic region/quadrant is the bladder located in? A.Epigastric region B.Hypogastric region C.Right and left iliac regions D.Right and left lower quadrants

9 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The four elements that comprise 96% of living matter are __________. A.carbon, sodium, nitrogen, oxygen B.carbon, hydrogen, sodium, oxygen C.carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, sodium D.carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen

10 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which organelle contains enzymes that detoxifies the cell from harmful hydrogen peroxide ? A.Vesicles B.Lysosomes C.Peroxisomes D.Inclusions

11 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. You would expect that cells that expend a great deal of energy, such as skeletal muscle cells, would have increased quantities of ___________. A.Ribosomes B.Smooth endoplasmic reticulum C.Peroxisomes D.Mitochondria

12 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Intensely biosynthetic secretory cells such as neurons would be expected to have greater amounts of _________ than other cells. A.Centrioles B.Lysosomes C.Rough endoplasmic reticulum D.Peroxisomes

13 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following relationships between a tissue and its general function is not correct? A.Epithelial : covering B.Connective : digestion C.Muscle : movement D.Nervous : control

14 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The basal lamina arises from which type of tissue? A.Epithelial tissue B.Connective tissue C.Nervous tissue D.Muscle tissue

15 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. With which portion of an epithelial cell in the stomach would food be in contact? A.Basal surface B.Apical surface C.Basal lamina D.Reticular lamina

16 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which characteristic of epithelial tissues would you expect to find in a duct that is subject to a high degree of pressure (such as the male urethra)? A.Cuboidal shape B.Simple layering C.Pseudostratified layering D.Stratified layering

17 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following specialized terms reflects the epithelial tissue found lining the inside of blood and lymph vessels? A.Epithelium B.Endothelium C.Mesothelium D.Squathelium

18 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The presence of which type of epithelial tissue is a dead giveaway for glands? A.Simple squamous B.Stratified squamous C.Transitional epithelium D.Simple cuboidal

19 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The mucus-secreting cells prevalent in simple columnar epithelium are known as __________. A.goblet cells B.cup cells C.chalice cells D.mucocells

20 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The principal role of melanin is to __________. A.give one that "healthy tan look” B.keep the body cool C.provide a waterproof layer D.shield the nucleus from damage by ultraviolet radiation

21 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. A patient taking a drug that inhibits cell division (such as certain chemotherapy drugs) would expect which layer of the epidermis to be affected first? A.Stratum corneum B.Stratum lucidum C.Stratum spinosum D.Stratum basale

22 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Fingerprints are copies of __________. A.dermal papillae B.epidermal papillae C.dermal ridges D.epidermal ridges

23 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The principal tissue found in the dermal layer is ___________. A.dense irregular connective tissue B.stratified squamous epithelum C.dense regular connective tissue D.areolar connective tissue

24 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which three pigments contribute to skin color? A.Carotene, melanin, hemoglobin B.Keratin, melanin, hemoglobin C.Melanin, keratin, hemoglobin D.Hemoglobin, carotene, keratin

25 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The most important role of the eccrine sweat gland is _________. A.milk production B.stress-induced sweating C.body temperature regulation D.earwax production

26 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. What is one major function of arrector pili muscle contraction that is particularly important in nonhuman mammals? A.The arrector pili muscle contracts to allow for hair growth. B.The arrector pili muscle contracts to shed dead hairs. C.The arrector pili muscle contracts to alarm an approaching predator. D.All of the above are true.

27 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. A female patient with excessive facial hair growth may have which of the following ailments? A.Excessive estrogen secretion from the ovaries B.Inadequate secretion of insulin from the pancreas C.Inadequate secretion of thyroid hormone from the thyroid gland D.Excessive secretion of androgens from an adrenal tumor

28 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The skin plays a role in the manufacture of vitamin ______. A.A B.B C.C D.D


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