Presentation on theme: "Explain, in detail, the reasons why people would want to come to live in a world power you have studied. Explain, in detail, the positive/negative impact."— Presentation transcript:
1Explain, in detail, the reasons why people would want to come to live in a world power you have studied.Explain, in detail, the positive/negative impact a world power you have studied has had on other countries.
2Why do people want to come to America? IdeologyCapitalismDemocracyAmerican DreamPush/Pull FactorsThe impact of USA on the rest of the worldEconomic – Credit CrunchSecurity – The Worlds Policeman
3Ideology. Is the set of ideas that determine how a country is run. In the United States there are three basic elements to its ideology:Capitalism,Democracy and theAmerican Dream
4CapitalismCapitalism is an economic system where individuals have the right to make as much money as they can for themselves: (e.g. Bill Gates and Microsoft)Encourages individuals to use their skills and talents to earn a living.They can set up businesses, employ others and make profits.Profits can be used in whatever way they want - to reinvest in their business or to award themselves higher salaries.This is also known as free, or private, enterprise.
5Capitalism Competition between businesses. Consumers (customers)freedom of choice in the goods and services they want.Less government involvement.Low taxes to encourage people to pay for their own health care and education.
6DemocracyAmericans are very proud of fact that their country is a representative democracy.The people elect their representatives to make laws.Americans are free to vote and have a choice of political parties to choose from.They can stand as candidates in elections.Elections must be held regularly.
7The American Dream the notion that the American social, economic, and political system makes success possible for every individualThe American Dream is a national ethos of the United States, a set of ideals in which freedom includesOpportunity to achieve prosperity through hard workOpportunity for one's children to grow up and receive a good education and career.Opportunity to make individual choices without restrictions according to their class, religion, race, or ethnicity.
9Pull FactorsPull factors are what make the USA attractive to new immigrants.The USA offers immigrants more jobs and higher wages than in their own country.They can send money home to their families, improve their lives and give their children a better future.Have religious freedom - the government cannot force them to follow a religion they do not believe in.Freedom of expression – they cannot be forced to think and speak only in ways the government likes and they cannot be told who to vote for.
10Push FactorsPush factors are what make people leave their own country.Poverty, war, high unemployment or corrupt government may make people want to seek a better life elsewhere.For example, many people living in Mexico suffer from high unemployment and low wages, so it is difficult for families to achieve a high standard of living.Other people have left their country for political reasons – for example, in the past people have come to the USA from Vietnam or China because of the spread of communism.
11America’s impactEconomic impact – America generates huge amounts of wealth around the worldCultural impact – Western culture is often heavily influenced by the USA, from the movies we watch to the music we listen to and the clothes we wearSecurity – America is often called ‘The World’s Policeman’ as it gets involved in the affairs of other countries in order to protect itself
12Economic ImpactIt’s the world’s largest importer of goods – this makes others lots of money. For example– In November 2013 USA imported $230million in goods and servicesIts major companies are multi-national – this means they create jobs and wealth in countries around the world for example– McDonalds (1.7 million employees in 118 countries), Starbucks, Microsoft, Apple etcShare price of banks
13Its not all good news. The US were largely (although not solely) held responsible for the credit crunch in 2008 from which the world is still recovering from.Banks sold mortgages to many people who could not afford them.They then sold these toxic debts onto other banks and companies worldwide.When interest rates increased people couldn’t repay their debts.House prices fell (negative equity).Banks like RBS lost fortunes.
14The Credit Crunch What is Debt? Debt has helped fuel our economy for the past thirty years. We buy things with debt, from houses to a ticket to the theatreAlso before you read the note, watch the short video clip which will give you an introduction to why the credit crunch occurred
16The World’s Policeman – Is this always wanted? Watch the video clip which is a critique of America’s policy of getting involved in the business of other countriesAmerica is still criticised for (amongst other things):1) Carrying out drone attacks in countries like Pakistan and Yemen, which continue to kill civilians along with terror suspects2) Carrying out surveillance on people around the world (and in their own country) including their allies
17The War on TerrorIn 2001, America came under attack. Around 3,000 people were murdered in New York, Washington D.C, and Pennsylvania.In response, American launched a War on Terror, as can be seen in this speech by George W Bush in 2001The ‘War on Terror’ terminology is no longer used by the US, but it doesn’t mean it has stopped
18Explain, in detail, the reasons why people would want to come to live in a world power you have studied.Explain, in detail, the positive/negative impact a world power you have studied has had on other countries.
19The Melting PotPeople who go to the USA start as Vietnamese, Cuban, Scottish, etc. Once they have been in the USA for a while they lose their original identity and they become 'American’. Everyone gets mixed together into one culture.The Salad BowlThe different ethnic groups mix together but still keep their own distinctive identities and cultures. So the Vietnamese immigrant will be partly Vietnamese, but will also be partly American. In some way each of the population groups retains its own identity, Irish Americans celebrate St. Patrick's Day, Scottish Americans have their own Caledonian Societies and Jewish Americans retain their own religion.The MosaicPeople in USA have a choice about what they want to be an American or keep to keep their own identity and culture. Some immigrants will become American and others will keep bits of their own identity and culture. From a distance it looks like one society, but close up you can see the different groupsAmerica has people from so many different cultures that it is sometimes difficult to describe what it means to be an American.Over a number of years a There are three ways of describing the population of the United States
20The American Dream the notion that the American social, economic, and political system makes success possible for every individualThe American Dream is a vision of life in the USA that appeals to many people.Around the USA, there are poorer countries such as Mexico, Cuba and Colombia. People are keen to move to the USA because they think that they will have a chance to live out the American Dream.For many Americans, the USA represents a place with more opportunities and rights, the chance to be treated equally and a place where, if they are willing to work hard, they can become rich and successful.