Presentation on theme: "Standards/Elements SSEF4 The student will compare and contrast different economic systems and explain how they answer the three basic economic questions."— Presentation transcript:
1 Standards/ElementsSSEF4 The student will compare and contrast different economic systems and explain how they answer the three basic economic questions of what to produce, how to produce, and for whom to produce.a. Compare command, market, and mixed economic systems with regard to private ownership, profit motive, consumer sovereignty, competition, and government regulation.b. Evaluate how well each type of system answers the three economic questions and meets the broad social and economic goals of freedom, security, equity, growth, efficiency, and stability.SSEF5 The student will describe the roles of government in a market economy.a. Explain why government provides public goods and services, redistributes income, protects property rights, and resolves market failures.b. Give examples of government regulation and deregulation and their effects on consumers and producers.
2 Essential QuestionsWhat trade-offs are made when a nation chooses a market, mixed, or command economic system?Why does the private sector lack incentives to produce certain types of goods and services? (free-rider problem)
6 traditional Advantages Disadvantages Everyone knows which role to play Little uncertainty over WHAT or how to produceWhom is also determined by traditionDisadvantagesTends to discourage new ideas and new ways of doing thingsLack of progress leads to a lower standard of living
8 Command Economies Advantages Disadvantages It can change direction drastically over a short period of timeHealth and public services are available to everyone and little or no costDisadvantagesNot designed to meet wants of consumersNo incentive to work hardRequires a large bureaucracyDoes not have the flexibility to deal with day to day problems
10 Market Economies Advantages Disadvantages It can adjust to change Individual freedomRelatively low government interferenceDecision making is decentralizedDisadvantagesDoes not provide the basic needs of everyoneDoes not provide enough of the services that people value highlyUncertainty
12 ____ 1. Which of the following is NOT a strength of a market economy? It can adjust to change over time.b It gives producers and consumers freedom.It has decentralized decision making.It supports all of its people equally._____ 2. Which of the following societies are examples of traditional economies?a United States, Japan, Germanyb African Mbuti, Australian Aboriginesc North Korea, CubaSouth Africa, Egypt, Democratic Republic of the Congo____ 3. Who would you most likely find participating in a market economy?a government official deciding how much wheat to plant this seasona teenage girl deciding how to spend the extra money she earned workingovertimea hunter deciding where to hunt to provide his family with a meal that nighta worker deciding to leave his job early because the production quota hasbeen met
15 More about Mixed Economies For instance, while China is considered a command economy, it has rapidly begun to incorporate many aspects of a market structure into its economy. Likewise, while the United States is considered to have one of the most capitalistic economies in the world, the government still intervenes in some markets. Therefore, there is a third economic system known as a mixed economy. This is simply a way of naming an economy that incorporates aspects from different economic systems.
16 A question for this standard might look like this: The nation of Welton needs to build a new dam tocontrol flooding near its Largest city. If Welton is apure market economy, then these newimprovements will MOST likely be left up toA the governmentB the individuals who are willing to pay for the new damC anyone who would benefit from the damD the owners of the property on which the dam would bebuilt
17 This question highlights a problem with a purely market Based system, namely that public goods (like roads, bridges,and dams) are difficult to build without a government thatsees to their production. Choice C is not the correct answerbecause once a dam is built everyone benefits from it. Whilechoice D might seem like a correct answer, if a propertyowner does not want the dam to be built, he or she is underno obligation to build it. Ultimately, in a pure marketeconomy individuals must be willing to pay for public goods(answer choice B), no matter who would benefit from thefinal product.
20 ____ 1. Which of the following is NOT a major economic and social goal of the United States? a. economic interdependence c. economic growthb. economic security d. economic efficiency____ 2. Economic goals are important because theya. tell us WHAT and HOW to produce.b. answer the FOR WHOM to produce question.c. help people determine if an economic system meets their needs.d. tell the government what kinds of regulations are needed.____ 3. Which is an example of economic growth?a. When a new ball bearing plant opens, 1,500 jobs are created.b. The price of vegetables increases sharply in the spring.c. An employer is fined for refusing to hire women to fill new job openings.d. A man decides to quit working as a waiter and begin a career in marketing.____ 4. Why is economic growth an important goal of the United States?a. Americans have a strong sense of fairness.b. Economic growth leads to price stability.c. Americans believe that it is the only way to achieve economic equality.d. Economic growth is needed to better satisfy the wants and needs of a growing population.
33 a. private property rights. c. profit motive. ____ 1. All of the following are characteristics of capitalism EXCEPTa. private property rights. c. profit motive.b. economic freedom. d. government control.____ 2. What is another term for a modified private enterprise economy?a. mixed economy c. command economyb. pure capitalism d. free enterprise____ 3. Why are entrepreneurs important in a free enterprise economy?a. Entrepreneurs do not pay taxes.b. Entrepreneurs help define the seven economic and social goals.c. Entrepreneurs pay high wages to their employees.d. Entrepreneurs start new businesses.