We can split the impact into three main areas (which we will cover over the coming lessons) Economic impact – America generates huge amounts of wealth around the world Cultural impact – Western culture is often heavily influenced by the USA, from the movies we watch to the music we listen to and the clothes we wear Security – America is often called ‘The World’s Policeman’ as it gets involved in the affairs off other countries in order to protect itself We will focus on the economic impact and issues to do with America as the world’s policeman
In your groups, each take a brand new page in your jotters. Create a list which shows how America has had an economic impact on the rest of the world. Be ready to feed these back You could have said: It’s the world’s largest importer of goods – this makes others lots of money. For example, the UK Its major companies are multi-national – this means they create jobs and wealth in countries around the world – McDonalds (1.7 million employees in 118 countries), Starbucks, Microsoft, Apple etc Its not all good news. They US were largely (although not solely) held responsible for the credit crunch in 2008 which the world has still not recovered from (See next slide)
Read the note and answer the questions on the credit crunch to get a better understanding of the role the US played in the credit crunch Before you do, it is important to understand something about DEBT What is Debt? Debt has helped fuel our economy for the past thirty years. We buy things with debt, from houses to a ticket to the theatre Also before you read the note, watch the short video clip which will give you an introduction to why the credit crunch occurredvideo clip
Discussion question – Can you think of a time where America has used its military might to positively impact on other countries in the last ten years? AfghanistanLibyaIraq All three of the above conflicts have something in common. You have a few minutes to try and figure out the connection Connection? – They were all conflicts which removed the government or a dictator of the country. *It is worth noting that all of the above conflicts have their critics and not everyone believes America has done any good by creating conflict in them
While many people have been grateful for the interventions of America, there has also been may criticisms of their role in other countries affairs Watch the video clip which is a critique of America’s policy of getting involved in the business of other countriesvideo clip America is still criticised for (amongst other things): 1) Carrying out drone attacks in countries like Pakistan and Yemen, which continue to kill civilians along with terror suspects 2) Carrying out surveillance on people around the world (and in their own country) including their allies However for now we will concentrate on three areas where the USA has become involved in conflict
In 2001, America came under attack. Around 3,000 people were murdered in New York, Washington D.C, and Pennsylvania. In response, American launched a War on Terror, as can be seen in this speech by George W Bush in 2001in this speech The ‘War on Terror’ terminology is no longer used by the US, but it doesn’t mean it has stopped Task – You will have some time now to go to the library to do some research into America’s War on Terror. If this is unavailable, your teacher may allow you to use your phones to do some research.