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Bat A flat disc made out of plaster, wood, or plastic which is affixed to the wheel head with clay or pins. Bats are used to throw pieces on that would.

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Presentation on theme: "Bat A flat disc made out of plaster, wood, or plastic which is affixed to the wheel head with clay or pins. Bats are used to throw pieces on that would."— Presentation transcript:



3 Bat

4 A flat disc made out of plaster, wood, or plastic which is affixed to the wheel head with clay or pins. Bats are used to throw pieces on that would be difficult to lift off the wheel head.

5 Banding Wheel

6 A revolving wheelhead which sits on a pedestal base. It is turned by hand and used for finishing or decorating pottery.

7 Burnishing

8 The ancient rubbing process of burnishing polishes the outside skin of a clay pot while greatly reducing its porosity. This finishing is done by hand, using a stone or a metal piece.

9 Coil

10 A piece of clay rolled like a rope, used in making pottery.

11 3 things wedging does

12 1.Removes air bubbles. 2.Mixes hard and soft clay. 3.Gets clay particles moving in one direction.

13 Kiln

14 A structure for firing ceramics.

15 Oxidation Firing

16 Firing atmosphere characterized by the presence of excess oxygen. Under such conditions, the fire burns cleanly and total combustion results.

17 Pit firing

18 Firing technique in which fuel and vessel are placed together in an excavated pit, sometimes covered with stones or earth.

19 Plasticity

20 The ability of clay to be molded and maintain its shape.

21 Reduction Firing

22 Firing atmosphere characterized by the shortage or absence of oxygen. Under such conditions, combustion will be incomplete and carbon monoxide will be created.

23 Pinch pottery

24 The simplest method of pottery manufacture, involving the opening out and expanding of a ball or cone of clay by squeezing the clay between the fingers, while the shape is supported by and turned in the potter's hand. It tends to result in small, round-based, open shapes (such as bowls).

25 Slab building

26 Hand-building technique which involves forming flat slabs of clay and connecting them to form a vessel

27 Slip

28 Liquid mixture of clay and water that can be applied over surface of vessel to affect color and texture. It can be used to attach clay pieces together.

29 Wheel-thrown

30 The term used to describe vessels that have been made on the potter's wheel.


32 Carving designs into leather hard clay.

33 BISQUE ware

34 Clay that has been fired once. This clay will not break down in water.


36 Glaze is a group of chemicals mixed in water that when fired to the proper temperature will form a waterproof surface on your pottery that is similar to glass.

37 BONE DRY clay

38 Clay that has no moisture. Clay in this form is ready to fire.


40 Still slightly wet and can be formed and carved. Leather hard clay is stiff and holds its shape when handled.


42 Clay that has not been fired. Includes leather hard and bone dry.


44 Stains are the chemicals used in glazes to create colors. They can be mixed with clay to change the color of the clay. Some stains that we use are Red Iron Oxide, Cobalt Carbonate, Copper Carbonate, and Rutile.


46 Second firing where glazes melt on to the pottery.

47 Blistering

48 Blistering refers to the appearance of broken bubbles found on the glazed surfaces of fired ceramic pieces.

49 The Foot

50 The foot refers to the bottom of a ceramic item.

51 Translucent

52 Translucent refers to transparent color, allowing color underneath to show.

53 Stencil

54 Stencil refers to the process of using paper perforated with a design through which color can be brushed or sponged onto a surface.

55 Stilts

56 Stilts are supports used to separate a glazed article from a shelf during firing.

57 Score

58 Score refers to the process of scratching tiny criss-cross lines on areas of greenware that will be fastened together.

59 Palette Knife

60 A Palette Knife is a flexible knife with no sharp point used for mixing or stirring color.

61 Opaque

62 Opaque refers to nontransparent color.

63 Kiln Furniture

64 Kiln Furniture consists of implements used to make full use of a kiln's capacity (shelves, posts and stilts).

65 Kiln Wash

66 Kiln Wash is a coating used on the tops of kiln shelves and kiln floors to protect them from glaze drippings.

67 Greenware

68 Greenware is the term used for unfired clay articles.

69 Glaze

70 Glaze is a fired finish consisting of a prepared mixture of frit that produces a glass-like surface when fired.

71 Crawling

72 Crawling refers to a glaze defect in which the glaze pulls away or crawls away from the bisque, leaving bare bisque areas.

73 Crazing

74 Crazing refers to a glaze defect in which hairline cracks appear on a fired glaze surface.

75 Banding

76 Banding refers to applying color or texture to ware in decorative bands.

77 Lip

78 The edge of the vessels opening.

79 Neck

80 Part of jar or restricted vessel between body and rim, marked by constriction and change in orientation of vessel walls.

81 Calipers

82 A tool used to measure the diameter of round forms, for example calipers are used to get lids to fit just right

83 Centering

84 Technique to move the clay in to a symmetrical rotating axis in the middle of a wheel head so you can throw it.

85 Chuck

86 A piece used to aid the potter in trimming. A chuck is a form that can hold a pot upside-down above the wheel head while the potter trims it. Chucks are thrown and bisque fired clay cylinders which are open on both sides.

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