2 Basic Handbuilding Techniques Pinch- using the thumb and fingers to press a ball of clay into a hollow form Coil- using snakelike ropes of clay; generally for making rounded, organic formsSlab- a flat piece of clay created by rolling a roller over the clay or by pressing with hands; generally for making geometric formsPaddle- beating the surface of clay with a paddle. This could also be done with a solid piece of clay that is then hollowed out.
9 Paddle – Marks or textures can be created, but do not have to be left visible.
10 Clay Vocabulary Other terms: The stages of clay: Clay 1. Slip Ceramic ReclaimingWedgingKilnFiringScoreGlazeUnderglazeThe stages of clay:1. Slip2. Plastic3. Leather-hard4. Greenware or bone dry5. Bisqueware6. Glazeware
11 Decorative Techniques Underglaze – A colored clay coating applied before glaze. Allows for precise, detailed designs.Glaze - A mixture of clay, glass materials, and water; a coating of colored, opaque, or transparent material applied to ceramics (essentially a glass coating); forms a protective moisture-proof coating if fired to maturation.
12 Underglaze: colored clay, no glass Underglaze: colored clay, no glass. Will not run and will not stick to the kiln shelf. Good for precise detailed designs. A liquid glaze is applied over top.
13 Glaze: has glass in it and colors can run or bleed together (some will run more than others). Must be removed from bottom of pot or it will melt and stick to kiln shelf.