2 Physical Activity-Any form of movement that causes your body to use energyA.) Physical Fitness-ability to carry out task easily and have enough left to respond to an unexpected demand
3 Physical Benefits Cardiovascular System Respiratory System Nervous System
4 Risk of Being Physical Inactive A.) Type 2 diabetesB.) Osteoporosis- when the bones become porous and fragile
5 Weight ControlA.) Metabolism- process by which your body gets energy from food
6 Elements of FitnessA.) Cardio respiratory- ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to send fuel and oxygen to the bodyB.) Muscular Strength- amount of force a muscle can exertC.) Muscular Endurance- ability of the muscle to perform a physical task over a period of time without being fatigued
7 Cont.D.) Flexibility- ability to move a body part through a full range of motionE.) Body Composition- ratio of body fat to lean body tissueF.) Exercise- a planned physical activity
8 Improving FitnessA.) Aerobic Exercise- activity that uses large muscle groupsB.) Anaerobic Exercise- intense short burst of activityC.) Isometric Exercise- activity that uses muscle tension to improve muscular strength with little or no movement(push against a wall)
9 Cont.D.) Isotonic Exercise- activity that combines muscle contraction and repeated movement( push ups and pull ups)E.) Isokinetic Exercise- activity in which a resistance is moved through an entire range of motion (using a stationary bike, treadmill)
10 Basic of Physical Activity A.) Overload- working the body harder than normalB.) Progression- the gradual increase to overloadC.) Workout- the part of an exercise program when the activity is performed
11 F.I.T.T A.) Warm up- preparing the muscles for work B.) Frequency- how often you do the workoutC.) Intensity- how hard you workD.) Time- how much time you devoteE.) Type- which activity you selectF.) Cool Down- activity that prepares the muscles to return to a resting state
12 Weather Related Risk A.) Hot Weather 1.) Overexertion- over working the body2.) Heat Cramp- muscle spasms that result from loss of salt and water through sweat3.) Heat Stroke- when the body loses its ability to rid itself of heat through sweatB.) Cold Weather1.) Frostbite- condition that results when body tissue becomes frozen
13 Cont.2.) Hypothermia- when body temperature becomes dangerously low
14 Minor Injuries Muscle Cramp- spasms or sudden tightening of the muscle Strain- condition resulting from damaging a muscle or tendonSprain- injury to a ligament surrounding a joint
15 Major Injuries Fractures- break in the bone Dislocations- when a bone is forced out of the jointTendonitis- when tendons and fibers are stretched or torn.Concussions- a blow to the head that causes swelling to the brain.
16 Target heart rate Heart rate that you reach when working out A.) Resting heart rate- the number of time your heart beats when you are not active.