2Physical Activity-Any form of movement that causes your body to use energyA.) Physical Fitness-ability to carry out task easily and have enough left to respond to an unexpected demand
3Physical Benefits Cardiovascular System Respiratory System Nervous System
4Risk of Being Physical Inactive A.) Type 2 diabetesB.) Osteoporosis- when the bones become porous and fragile
5Weight ControlA.) Metabolism- process by which your body gets energy from food
6Elements of FitnessA.) Cardio respiratory- ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to send fuel and oxygen to the bodyB.) Muscular Strength- amount of force a muscle can exertC.) Muscular Endurance- ability of the muscle to perform a physical task over a period of time without being fatigued
7Cont.D.) Flexibility- ability to move a body part through a full range of motionE.) Body Composition- ratio of body fat to lean body tissueF.) Exercise- a planned physical activity
8Improving FitnessA.) Aerobic Exercise- activity that uses large muscle groupsB.) Anaerobic Exercise- intense short burst of activityC.) Isometric Exercise- activity that uses muscle tension to improve muscular strength with little or no movement(push against a wall)
9Cont.D.) Isotonic Exercise- activity that combines muscle contraction and repeated movement( push ups and pull ups)E.) Isokinetic Exercise- activity in which a resistance is moved through an entire range of motion (using a stationary bike, treadmill)
10Basic of Physical Activity A.) Overload- working the body harder than normalB.) Progression- the gradual increase to overloadC.) Workout- the part of an exercise program when the activity is performed
11F.I.T.T A.) Warm up- preparing the muscles for work B.) Frequency- how often you do the workoutC.) Intensity- how hard you workD.) Time- how much time you devoteE.) Type- which activity you selectF.) Cool Down- activity that prepares the muscles to return to a resting state
12Weather Related Risk A.) Hot Weather 1.) Overexertion- over working the body2.) Heat Cramp- muscle spasms that result from loss of salt and water through sweat3.) Heat Stroke- when the body loses its ability to rid itself of heat through sweatB.) Cold Weather1.) Frostbite- condition that results when body tissue becomes frozen
13Cont.2.) Hypothermia- when body temperature becomes dangerously low
14Minor Injuries Muscle Cramp- spasms or sudden tightening of the muscle Strain- condition resulting from damaging a muscle or tendonSprain- injury to a ligament surrounding a joint
15Major Injuries Fractures- break in the bone Dislocations- when a bone is forced out of the jointTendonitis- when tendons and fibers are stretched or torn.Concussions- a blow to the head that causes swelling to the brain.
16Target heart rate Heart rate that you reach when working out A.) Resting heart rate- the number of time your heart beats when you are not active.