2Chap 4.1 Physical Activity >>>Any form of movement that causes your body to use energy.
3Physical fitness->>> The ability to carry out daily tasks easily and have enough reserve energy to respond to unexpected demands.
4Benefits to Physical Health Good HealthCardioRespiratoryNervous
5Benefits to Physical Health Cardiovascular System- regular physical activity allows the heart to pump blood more efficiently.Respiratory System- allows to breathe larger amounts of air and the muscles used in respiration don’t tire as quickly.Nervous System- helps you to respond faster to stimuli = better reaction time.
6Sedentary Lifestyle->>> a way of life that involves little physical activity.
7Osteoporosis->>> A condition characterized by a decrease in bone density, producing porous and fragile bones.
8Metabolism->>> Is the process by which your body gets enerrgy from food.
9Chapter 4.2 Notes Cardiorespiratory endurance >>>the ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to utilize and send fuel and oxygen to the body’s tissues during long periods of moderate-tovigorous activity.
10Muscular Strength>>> the amount of force a muscle can exert
11Muscular endurance>>> The ability of the muscles to perform physical tasks over a period of time without becoming fatigued.
12Flexibility>>> The ability to move a body part through a full range of motion.
13Body Composition>>> The ratio of boy fat to lean body tissue, including muscle, bone, water, and connective tissue such as ligaments, cartilage and tendons.
14Aerobic exercise>>> Any activity that uses large muscle groups, is a rhythmic in nature, and can be maintained continuously for at least 10 minutes three times a day or for 20 to 30 minutes at one time.
15Anaerobic exercise>>> Intense short bursts of activity in which the muscles work so hard that they produce energy without using oxygen.
16Chapter 4.3 Notes Overload >>>Working the body harder than it is normally worked.
17Progression>>>The gradual increase in overload necessary o achieve higher levels of fitness.
18Specify>>> Particular exercises and activities improve particular areas of health-related fitness.
19Warm-up>>> An activity that prepares the muscles for work.
20Workout>>>The part of an exercise program when the activity is performed at its highest peak.
21F.I.T.T.>>> Frequency, intensity, time/duration, and type of activity.
22Cool-down>>> An activity that prepares the muscles to return to a resting state.
23Resting heart rate>>> The number of times your heart beat in one minute hen you are not active.
24Chapter 4.4 Training program >>> A program of formalized physical preparation for involvement in a sport of another physical activity.
25Hydration>>> Taking in fluids so that the body functions properly.
26Anabolic Steroids>>> Synthetic substances that are similar to the male hormone teststerone.
27Health screening>>> A search or check for diseases or disorders that an individual would otherwise not have knowledge of or seek help for.