Presentation on theme: "ACCIDENT/INCIDENT INVESTIGATIONS WCB REGULATION: The Employer must immediately undertake an investigation into the cause of any accident or other incident."— Presentation transcript:
ACCIDENT/INCIDENT INVESTIGATIONS WCB REGULATION: The Employer must immediately undertake an investigation into the cause of any accident or other incident that : ç çresulted in injury to a worker requiring medical treatment did not involve injury to a worker but had the potential to cause serious injury
PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATIONS PURPOSE: ç ç to gather information on the cause(s) of an incident ç ç to make recommendations to prevent future similar occurrences ç ç to implement corrective measures ASAP
VIHA ACCIDENT/INCIDENT - INVESTIGATION POLICY VIHA ACCIDENT/INCIDENT - INVESTIGATION POLICY When an accident or exposure results in medical aid, time loss from the workplace or has the potential to result in serious injury an investigation must be initiated within 72 hrs of the incident and completed without undue delay.
EMPLOYER RESPONSIBILITIES The Employer is responsible to ensure: è è Investigations take place as soon as possible following an incident è è Investigations are conducted by person(s) knowledgeable in the type of work involved
Employers Responsibilities Continued As far as possible the Investigation must: b b determine the root cause or causes of the incident b b identify any unsafe conditions, acts or procedures that contributed in any manner to the incident
Employers Responsibilities Continued As far as possible the Investigation must: b b if unsafe conditions, acts or procedures are identified, recommend corrective action(s) to prevent similar incidents
Employers Responsibilities Continued Following an investigation the employer must without undue delay undertake any corrective action to prevent recurrence of similar incidents
Employers Responsibilities Continued Following an investigation the employer must complete the Incident Investigation report/process by: b b Indicating the status of the recommendations made (i.e. resolved, ongoing, deferred etc.) b b Ensure dates, times and investigation information is accurate b b Indicate any concerns you have about the incident
THE INVESTIGATORS The Investigators: b b 1- 2 worker reps who are knowledgeable in the work involved b b supervisor of area (if available) b b a union rep if reasonably available a joint OHS committee member if available
CONDUCTING THE INVESTIGATION Process: ç ç Manager/Supervisor immediately reviews the accident/injury report form information upon receipt ç ç Seeks clarification of incident details if required - speaks to witnesses if needed ç ç Ensures any immediate hazards are removed
CONDUCTING THE INVESTIGATION Process: Immediately initiate the investigation by establishing the investigation team, providing the Investigation report form and any information you have that would be helpful to the investigation
CONDUCTING THE INVESTIGATION Process:. Once the investigation team has completed the investigation process review the recommendations and findings to ensure they will be effective in preventing a similar repeat incident.
CONDUCTING THE INVESTIGATION Process: ç ç Implement recommendations made ASAP (or make/seek further recommendations) Identify any concerns you have about the incident ç ç Sign off where applicable and forward form as indicated
INVESTIGATION TIPS AND GUIDELINES u u Gather the information: Speak to the people involved Determine exactly what happened u u Analyse the information: List, in chronological order, the sequence of events leading up the incident u u Determine the cause(s) of the incident Identify all contributing factors u u Make recommendations Focus on prevention of a repeat incident u u Follow-up to ensure recommendations are implemented and effective
INVESTIGATION TIPS AND GUIDELINES è EQUIPMENT: ç çWas there any defects in equipment, tools or materials that contributed to the incident? ç çWas the equipment known to be faulty prior to the incident? Why was it not reported,repaired/replaced? ç çWas the equipment appropriate for the job and readily available for the task? ç çHave workers been trained in the use of the equipment? ç çAre written safe work procedures in place to operate equipment/tools?
INVESTIGATION TIPS AND GUIDELINES è ENVIRONMENT: ç çWas the location or position of the equipment, material or worker a contributing factor ? (ie. trip/slip hazards) ç çWas the hazardous condition/area identified previously and reported? If not, why? ç çWas there sufficient work space ? ç çWere environmental conditions a contributing factor? (Lighting, noise, ventilation, wet etc.)
INVESTIGATION TIPS AND GUIDELINES è è PEOPLE: ç çWas there a written work procedure for the task? Is it adequate and current ? ç çWas the worker trained on the procedure and did they follow it? ç çWas worker distracted or rushed ? Why? ç çWas the required Personal Protective Equipment available and was the worker wearing it? ç çWas the worker wearing appropriate footwear/clothes for the task? ç çIf assistance was needed for the task did the worker request it and was it available ?
INVESTIGATION TIPS AND GUIDELINES è è SUPERVISION: ç çWas there a failure to detect, anticipate or report a hazardous condition? ç çWas there a failure to detect or correct deviations from the safe job procedures? ç çWere responsibilities adequately defined and understood by worker? ç çWas there failure to initiate corrective action for know hazardous conditions? ç çWas worker informed about potential job hazards?
INVESTIGATION TIPS AND GUIDELINES Potential Investigation Recommendations/Outcomes: ç çEquipment repairs, evaluations or purchases ç çPolicy/Procedure/Process revisions/updates ç çDiscussion/communication with worker(s) involved ç çRisk Assessment of area/concern ç çProvision of Personal Protective Equipment (goggles, gloves, face shield, respirator) ç çWork area enhancements or redesign ç çTraining or re-training required ç çUpdate of Kardex, Care plan, ADL as needed ç çEvaluation of workload, work rotation or work activity
Example 1 - MSI - OVER-REACHING
Example 2 - Chemical Burn When investigating a Chemical Burn type injury some questions that can be asked are: Was the right chemical being used for the right purpose? Is the MSDS current and readily available? Was Personal Protective Equipment worn as specified? (i.e. gloves) Are there safe work procedures written for the safe use of the chemical? Does the worker have adequate WHMIS training?
Example # 3 Slip/Trip Fall b When Investigating a Slip/Trip type injury some questions that can be asked are: What was the tripping hazard? What immediate action needs to be taken? What can be done to ensure the tripping hazard is dealt with over the long term? Who needs to know any new information resulting from the investigation?
INVESTIGATIONS… Summary Checklist r r Immediately review the incident report once received r r Remove any immediate hazards or dangers that have the potential to cause injury r r Initiate the Investigation process ASAP r r Immediately follow-up on recommendations made and implement corrective measures r r Ensure corrective measures are effective in preventing a similar repeat incident in future r r Ensure the Accident and Injury report form is complete, signed off and forwarded as indicated r. r If you have questions or concerns about the Investigation process contact a Safety Advisor in your service area.
REMEMBER …. b Accidents are caused b Accidents can be prevented if causes are eliminated b The same accident will happen again if causes are not eliminated
OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES - CONTACTS Regional Manager of Occupational Health & Safety : Michael Colussi - Ph: or Cell: è è Team Leader Safety: Darren Buckler - Ph: or Page: è è Safety Advisors Central Island: Tracy Larsen - Ph: (Parksville) Brian Kossey - Ph: (3097) Nanaimo
OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES - CONTACTS è è Safety Advisors South Island: Ken Kamsteeg - Ph: Judi Murakami - Ph: Linda Gould - Ph: è è Safety Advisor North Island: Clarence Friesen - Ph: Note: All contacts listed can also be contacted through the VIHA system.