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 Acids: ◦ a compound that contains one or more hydrogen atoms and produces hydrogen ions (H + ).  Bases: ◦ An ionic compound that produced a hydroxide.

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Presentation on theme: " Acids: ◦ a compound that contains one or more hydrogen atoms and produces hydrogen ions (H + ).  Bases: ◦ An ionic compound that produced a hydroxide."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Acids: ◦ a compound that contains one or more hydrogen atoms and produces hydrogen ions (H + ).  Bases: ◦ An ionic compound that produced a hydroxide ion (OH - ) when dissolved in water.

3  Three Rules: ◦ 1) When the name if an the anion end in –ide, the acid name begins with hydro-. The end of the name has the suffix –ic and is following by the word acid. ◦ Example: HCl  The anion is chloride goes to chloric  Begins with hydro-. Goes to hydrochloric  Followed by the word acid. Goes to hydrochloric acid.  HCl is hydrochloric acid.

4  2) When the anion name ends in –ite, the acid name will end in –ous, followed by the word acid. ◦ Example: H 2 SO 3  The anion is sulfite (SO 3 )  The anion sulfite goes to sulfurous  Followed by the word acid. Sulfurous acid  H 2 SO 3 is sulfurous acid.

5  3) When the anion name ends in –ate, the acid name changes the suffix to –ic, and it is followed by the word acid. ◦ Example: HNO 3  The anion is nitrate.  The anion nitrate goes to nitric  Followed by the word acid. Nitric acid.  HNO 3 is nitric acid.

6  Bases are named in the same way as other ionic compounds– the name of the CATION is following by the name of the ANION. ◦ Example: NaOH is sodium hydroxide

7  Give the names of these acids: ◦ HNO 2 ◦ H 2 S ◦ H 2 CrO 4 ◦ Give the names of these bases:  LiOH  Mg(OH) 2  Pb(OH) 2  Al(OH) 3

8  Give the names of these acids: ◦ HNO 2 Nitrous Acid ◦ H 2 SHydrosulfuric Acid ◦ H 2 CrO 4 Chromic Acid ◦ Give the names of these bases:  LiOH  Mg(OH) 2  Pb(OH) 2  Al(OH) 3

9  Work on study guide as a test review  Q & A with Mrs. Branum  Ask and you shall receive!  If you do not work on study guide or ask questions, I WILL give you work to do. I have another assignment ready.


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