2Naming Acids and Bases Acids: Bases: a compound that contains one or more hydrogen atoms and produces hydrogen ions (H+).Bases:An ionic compound that produced a hydroxide ion (OH-) when dissolved in water.
3Naming Acids Three Rules: 1) When the name if an the anion end in –ide, the acid name begins with hydro-. The end of the name has the suffix –ic and is following by the word acid.Example: HClThe anion is chloride goes to chloricBegins with hydro-. Goes to hydrochloricFollowed by the word acid. Goes to hydrochloric acid.HCl is hydrochloric acid.
4Naming Acids2) When the anion name ends in –ite, the acid name will end in –ous, followed by the word acid.Example: H2SO3The anion is sulfite (SO3)The anion sulfite goes to sulfurousFollowed by the word acid. Sulfurous acidH2SO3 is sulfurous acid.
5Naming Acids3) When the anion name ends in –ate, the acid name changes the suffix to –ic, and it is followed by the word acid.Example: HNO3The anion is nitrate.The anion nitrate goes to nitricFollowed by the word acid. Nitric acid.HNO3 is nitric acid.
6Naming BasesBases are named in the same way as other ionic compounds– the name of the CATION is following by the name of the ANION.Example: NaOH is sodium hydroxide
7Practice Give the names of these acids: HNO2 H2S H2CrO4 Give the names of these bases:LiOHMg(OH)2Pb(OH)2Al(OH)3
8Practice Answers Give the names of these acids: HNO2 Nitrous Acid H2S Hydrosulfuric AcidH2CrO4 Chromic AcidGive the names of these bases:LiOHMg(OH)2Pb(OH)2Al(OH)3
9Assignment Work on study guide as a test review Q & A with Mrs. Branum Ask and you shall receive!If you do not work on study guide or ask questions, I WILL give you work to do. I have another assignment ready.