2 Naming Acids and Bases Acids: Bases: a compound that contains one or more hydrogen atoms and produces hydrogen ions (H+).Bases:An ionic compound that produced a hydroxide ion (OH-) when dissolved in water.
3 Naming Acids Three Rules: 1) When the name if an the anion end in –ide, the acid name begins with hydro-. The end of the name has the suffix –ic and is following by the word acid.Example: HClThe anion is chloride goes to chloricBegins with hydro-. Goes to hydrochloricFollowed by the word acid. Goes to hydrochloric acid.HCl is hydrochloric acid.
4 Naming Acids2) When the anion name ends in –ite, the acid name will end in –ous, followed by the word acid.Example: H2SO3The anion is sulfite (SO3)The anion sulfite goes to sulfurousFollowed by the word acid. Sulfurous acidH2SO3 is sulfurous acid.
5 Naming Acids3) When the anion name ends in –ate, the acid name changes the suffix to –ic, and it is followed by the word acid.Example: HNO3The anion is nitrate.The anion nitrate goes to nitricFollowed by the word acid. Nitric acid.HNO3 is nitric acid.
6 Naming BasesBases are named in the same way as other ionic compounds– the name of the CATION is following by the name of the ANION.Example: NaOH is sodium hydroxide
7 Practice Give the names of these acids: HNO2 H2S H2CrO4 Give the names of these bases:LiOHMg(OH)2Pb(OH)2Al(OH)3
8 Practice Answers Give the names of these acids: HNO2 Nitrous Acid H2S Hydrosulfuric AcidH2CrO4 Chromic AcidGive the names of these bases:LiOHMg(OH)2Pb(OH)2Al(OH)3
9 Assignment Work on study guide as a test review Q & A with Mrs. Branum Ask and you shall receive!If you do not work on study guide or ask questions, I WILL give you work to do. I have another assignment ready.