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Slide 1 of 19 chemistry. Slide 2 of 19 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Naming and Writing Formulas for Acids and Bases > An acid is a compound that.

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Presentation on theme: "Slide 1 of 19 chemistry. Slide 2 of 19 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Naming and Writing Formulas for Acids and Bases > An acid is a compound that."— Presentation transcript:

1 Slide 1 of 19 chemistry

2 Slide 2 of 19 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Naming and Writing Formulas for Acids and Bases > An acid is a compound that contains one or more hydrogen ions and releases those hydrogen ions (H + ) when dissolved in water. Acids have various uses. 9.4 Naming Acids

3 Slide 3 of 19 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Naming and Writing Formulas for Acids and Bases > Three rules can help you name an acid with the general formula H n X. If the acid is a binary acid, then the name of the anion (X) will end in –ide. The acid name begins with the prefix hydro-. The stem of the anion has the suffix -ic and is followed by the word acid. Example HF is hydrofluoric acid 9.4 Naming Acids fluoride

4 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 4 of 19 Naming and Writing Formulas for Acids and Bases > Naming Acids When the acid contains an oxyanion and name ends in -ite, the acid name is the stem of the anion with the suffix -ous, followed by the word acid. Example HNO 2 is nitrous acid 9.4 nitrite

5 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 5 of 19 Naming and Writing Formulas for Acids and Bases > When the acid containns an oxyanion and name ends in -ate, the acid name is the stem of the anion with the suffix -ic followed by the word acid. Example – H 2 SO 4 is sulfuric acid. 9.4 Naming Acids sulfate

6 Slide 6 of 19 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Naming and Writing Formulas for Acids and Bases > A Summary of the Three Rules for Naming Acids. 9.4 Naming Acids

7 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall > Slide 7 of 19 Naming and Writing Formulas for Acids and Bases Writing Formulas for Acids How are the formulas of acids determined? 9.4

8 Slide 8 of 19 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Naming and Writing Formulas for Acids and Bases > Use the rules for writing the names of acids in reverse to write the formulas for acids. What is the formula for hydrobromic acid? Following Rule 1, hydrobromic acid (hydro- prefix and -ic suffix) must be a combination of hydrogen ion (H + ) and bromide ion (Br – ). The formula of hydrobromic acid is HBr. Be sure the charges balance. 9.4 Writing Formulas for Acids

9 Slide 9 of 19 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Naming and Writing Formulas for Acids and Bases > 9.4 Writing Formulas for Acids

10 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall > Slide 10 of 19 Naming and Writing Formulas for Acids and Bases Names and Formulas for Bases Bases are compounds that contain hydroxide ions, like NaOH – sodium hydroxide. When the base is dissolved in water, it produces OH - ions. 9.4 Names and Formulas for Bases

11 Slide 11 of 19 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Naming and Writing Formulas for Acids and Bases > Bases are named in the same way as other ionic compounds—the name of the cation is followed by the name of the anion. For example, aluminum hydroxide consists of the aluminum cation (Al 3+ ) and the hydroxide anion (OH – ). The formula for aluminum hydroxide is Al(OH) Names and Formulas for Bases

12 Slide 12 of 19 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Naming and Writing Formulas for Acids and Bases > Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) is a base that is used to make paper. 9.4 Names and Formulas for Bases

13 Slide 13 of 19 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Naming and Writing Formulas for Acids and Bases > Cleaners and soap contain sodium hydroxide. 9.4 Names and Formulas for Bases

14 END OF SHOW


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