2Warm-Up: Grab Notes Packet and Assignment Page from front cart Warm-Up: Grab Notes Packet and Assignment Page from front cart. Complete top part page 1.ScheduleWarm-UpPowerPointClosure: What were the main goals of the Republican administrators of the 1920s?Assignment Packet page 1 due MondayKey Question: How did America change during 1920s?
3A Republican DecadeStrikes, arrests, revolution overseas—such events frightened Americans in the 1920s and they turned to Republican Party for stability and economic prosperity
4What is happening in this picture? What concept is this political cartoon illustrating?
5The Harding Presidency 1920-1923 1920 election, Republican Warren G. Harding promised “return to normalcy”1920 won presidency until death in 1923Foreign policy reflect America’s desire for isolationism—policy of avoiding political or economic alliances with foreign countriesNo attempt to join League of NationsYet President support efforts to prevent future warsDisarmament—nations voluntarily give up their weapons
6Economically, he favored: Lower taxesLess control over businessesSupport high tariffs (taxes) on foreign, competitor goods to make them more expensive protect US businesses/workers
7Culturally, as America became more isolationist, they also became more nativist—movement favoring native-born Americans over immigrantsNativist Reasons = Anti-ImmigrantNever loyalBlamed for urban city problems—slums & corruptionFear for loss of jobsPass on anarchist (violent overthrow of government) + communist (opponent of democracy + capitalism) ideals
8End of President Harding…Literally Start of 1923, economy bouncing back + strong popularity for presidentMid 1923 corruption scandals in Harding’s cabinetBiggest scandal Teapot Dome ScandalHarding’s Secretary of Interior Albert Fall bribed by oil executives to sell government land in Teapot Dome, Wyoming—oilAlbert Fall became 1st cabinet member imprisoned for crime while in officeHarding died in 1923 during the scandal in office
9The Coolidge Presidency 1923-1928 Vice President Calvin Coolidge became president and cleaned up scandalsElected presidentMajor View “The Business of the American people is business”Laissez-Faire limited to no government interference in business
10Election of 1928When Coolidge decided not to run for a 2nd term, Republicans nominated Herbert HooverHoover promised more pro-business, isolationism & small government = victory
11Warm-Up: Examine picture on page 4 and answer questions on page 5. ScheduleWarm-UpPowerPointHenry Ford ReadingBooming Economy PosterClosure: How would the 1920s, economically, be characterized?Assignment Packet page 1 due MondayKey Question: How did America change during 1920s?
12A Business Boom...Mixed Success 1920s gave birth to much of modern AmericaShopping centers, fast-food, advertising, mass media, cars, radios, movies
13Causes of Economic Growth Consumer Economy—depends on a large amount of buying (consuming) by people who use productsNew & Improved products Model-T cars, refrigerators, radios, vacuums, ovens, telephonesIncome tax cuts (% taken out of paycheck for government) left people with more $$$Higher wages gave people more money to spend on movies, radio, sporting eventsUntil 1920s, Americans generally paid cash for things they boughtBorrowing = unthrifty + immoral
141920s saw new ways to purchase goods as demand for them grew Credit—a way to delay paying for a purchase (pay once you hit a certain amount)Installment Buying—system allows customer to make partial payments (installments) over a few monthsInstallment + Credit plans encouraged people to buy things who otherwise would not even though they had to pay high interest rates
15Transportation Industry 1920s airline industry Charles Lindbergh and Amelia Earhart’s transatlantic flights promote idea of commercial air travel
16Growth of automotive industry Henry Ford Goal produce cars at prices ordinary people could affordNeed to speed up production (increase supply) and lower costsOriginally, workers would build entire product themselves gunsAssembly Line materials move along conveyor belt while workers stay in one place workers are responsible for one job (install windshield), Ford Motor Company sold over 15 million Model-T cars billionaire
17Economic TroublesEconomy appeared to be healthy but looks can be deceiving…uneven prosperityHuge gap between rich and poor 50% in povertyMany Americans did not prosperFarmers over productionMinorities—African Americans
18Warm-Up: Complete questions 1-4 on page 11 in Notes Packet ScheduleWarm-UpPowerPointMedia AnalysisProhibition AnalysisClosure: Jazz Age organizerAssignment Packet pg. 2 + Quiz ThursdayKey Question: How did America change during 1920s?
19New Roles for WomenDuring 1920s, women had more freedom than ever before drove cars, sports, college, teachers, nurses, social workersSome women in 1920s called themselves flappers – young, rebellious fun-loving, boldStood for a longing to break with the pastFashion Shorter dresses, short hair, make-upManners Smoked + drank in public19th Amendment gave women right to vote1920s women developed a new attitude toward marriage = partnership (men agreed)
20Mass MediaBefore 1920s, the majority of Americans did not travel much and was divided culturallyMass Media communications that reach a large audienceFilm, Radio, Advertising peaceful propagandaCreated a national culture (things that people had in common across the country)songs, dances, fashion, slang, sports, news
21For each advertisement explain the following: Advertising AnalysisFor each advertisement explain the following:Selling strategyOvert messagesUnderlying messages
28Lost GenerationFor some, the decade after WWI was not a time for celebration deep despair + resentment = Lost GenerationLost in a greedy, materialistic worldF Scott Fitzgerald The Great GatsbyFocus on wealthy, sophisticated Americans during Jazz AgeRich self-centered and shallow
29Jazz Age 1920s—Jazz Age—was a time celebrating new and modern things Jazz music—mix of African rhythms, ragtime, blues free spirit of the timesRebelled against values which led to WWIHarlemDuke Ellington + Louis Armstrong musicians
30Issues of ReligionReligious movement called fundamentalism gained followers and political powerFundamentalists took the bible literally (everything was true)Argued that public schools shouldn’t teach evolution—theory that living things developed over millions of years from simpler life formsFelt it contradicted the Bible pass laws made evolution teachings illegal1925, John Scopes broke law & found guiltyGuilty verdict over-turned by state Supreme Court**Clash between modern beliefs vs. traditional values
31Prohibition 18th Amendment—ban alcohol Most Americans disregard law Bootleggers suppliers + smugglers of illegal alcoholSpeakeasies illegal barsRise of organized crime Al Capone
32Warm-Up: Open Notes Packet to pages 25-26 ScheduleWarm-UpReview Questions completionClass ReviewClosure: How did the US change politically, economically, culturally and socially during 1920s?Assignment Packet pg. 2 + Quiz ThursdayKey Question: How did America change during 1920s?
33Warm-Up: Open Notes Packet to page 16 and grab handout from desk. ScheduleWarm-UpWord-Web creation & reviewClosure: How did the US change during the 1920s?Assignment Packet pg. 2 + Quiz ThursdayKey Question: How did America change during 1920s?
34Warm-Up: Test-taking procedures ScheduleWarm-UpRoaring 20s QuizWhen finished, complete assignment page 3Closure: How did the US change during the 1920s?Assignment Packet pg. 3Key Question: How did America change during 1920s?
35Warm-Up: Go to page 19 and complete top half of page ScheduleWarm-UpPowerPoint Racial Tensions & Harlem RenaissanceJob ApplicationClosure: How did the Harlem Renaissance revive black culture?Study for Test 2/7Key Question: How did America change during 1920s?
36The Harlem Renaissance 1920s brought changes to the lives of many African AmericansGreat Migration North and Western cities for economic and social opportunities
37Confronting RacismAs blacks moved out of the South the KKK eventually moved with themBy 1924, the KKK claimed about 5 million members‘America for Americans’KKK carried out many crimes against African-Americans, Catholics, Jews & immigrantsIncreasing violence against African Americans rallied the efforts of the NAACPWorked in vain to pass anti-lynching laws + protect voting rights
38Garvey urged ‘Back to Africa’ solution since equality seemed hopeless Many African-Americans were losing faith in the US dreamed of a place where they could live in peaceMarcus Garvey Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) sought to build up blacks’ self-respect + economic powerGarvey urged ‘Back to Africa’ solution since equality seemed hopelessFailed
39Rise of Harlem Late 1800s wealthy white community Build up too much and buildings remained vacant real estate prices fallBlack businessmen started buying cheap buildings and selling them to African AmericansBy 1920, New York, Harlem, became the unofficial capital of black AmericaSoon Harlem produced cultural activity called Harlem RenaissanceSymbolized rebirth of hope and culture for African AmericansWriters, singers, painters, sculptors, scholars move to Harlem
40Warm-Up: Grab DBQ from front cart. ScheduleWarm-UpRoaring 20s DBQ graphic organizer/outlineRoaring 20s DBQ essay completionClosure: How did America change during 1920s?Look up outside information (3 pieces)Key Question: How did America change during 1920s?
41Warm-Up: Grab review packet and find prescribed group ScheduleWarm-UpRoaring 20s review packet completionRoaring 20s review packet discussedClosure: How did America change during 1920s?Test tomorrowKey Question: How did America change during 1920s?
42Warm-Up: Grab scantron from front cart and hand in review packet if completed ScheduleWarm-UpRoaring 20s assessmentClosure: How did America change during 1920s?NONEKey Question: How did America change during 1920s?