Presentation on theme: "The 1920s: Coping with Change"— Presentation transcript:
1 The 1920s: Coping with Change 1920-1929 Chapter 23
2 Guiding Questions1.) What economic developments underlay American prosperity of the 1920s, and how did those developments affect different social groups?2.) What political values shaped public life in this era of Republican dominance?3.) How did the Republicans of the 1920s promote U.S. economic interests abroad?4.) What is meant by “mass culture”?5.) What developments in American society contributed to creativity? Social tension?
3 Booming Business; Ailing Agriculture After the WarUnemployment Rates during the 1920sHome Appliances and the economyEntertainment
4 The Auto Industry Mass Production Assembly Lines Henry Ford (Model T) General MotorsCar OwnershipAuto-Related Industries
5 Workers Wages Women’s Wages Mexican-Americans African-Americans Last hired first firedFarmers during the 1920s
6 Changing Businesses Henry Ford’s Approach to business Ford Dealerships General Electric and WestinghouseChain StoresAir Conditioning
7 Advertising Advertising Companies Successful Marketing Techniques Installment PlansAmerica becomes a consumer societyWhat types of things did people buy on credit?
8 Women in the Workforce Female Employment Secretaries, Typists, and Filing ClerksFemale WagesTraditional Female Jobs
9 Labor Unions Labor Union Membership Higher Wages Henry Ford Better FacilitiesStock OptionsWelfare Capitalism
10 Politics Warren G. Harding Charles Forbes (Head of the Veterans Bureau)Secretary of the Interior Albert FallThe Teapot Dome ScandalHarding’s Death
11 Coolidge Calvin Coolidge Treasury Secretary Andrew Mellon The Trickle Down TheoryThe Flood of 1927The Flood Control Act 1928The McNary-Haugen Bill
12 International Politics The League of NationsThe Washington Naval ConferenceThe Five Power TreatyThe 5:5:3 RatioArms LimitationsThe Kellogg-Briand Pact
13 Women and Politics The 19th Amendment Alice Paul The Equal Rights AmendmentWhat was the focus of the Women’s Rights Movement in the 1920s?
14 Mass Media Radio National Magazines The Saturday Evening Post The Movie Industry
15 Pop culture National Sports Heroes Babe Ruth Charles Lindbergh Cultural ValuesSigmund FreudFlappers
16 Pop Culture F. Scott Fitzgerald Sinclair Lewis Ernest Hemingway The Lost GenerationThe Harlem RenaissanceLangston HughesZora Neal HurstonMarcus Garvey
17 Pop CultureGeorgia O’ KeeffeJazzLouis ArmstrongDuke Ellington
18 Immigration Restrictions National Origins Act (1924)XenophobiaSacco and Vanzetti
19 New Science John T. Scopes The Scopes Trial The “Monkey” Trial The American Civil Liberties UnionWilliam Jennings BryanClarence Darrow's opening argument at the Scopes trial
20 Racial AttitudesThe Rise of the KKKThe Birth of a Nation
21 Prohibition The 18th Amendment The Volstead Act Bootleggers SpeakeasiesThe 21st Amendment
22 The End of an Era Herbert Hoover Republican Dominance Overproduction Declining DemandThe Great Depression