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MODERN ISLAM ADHAN Close your eyes!  Who is Mohammad?  What is the Quran?  What are people called that practice Islam?  What are the two divisions?

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Presentation on theme: "MODERN ISLAM ADHAN Close your eyes!  Who is Mohammad?  What is the Quran?  What are people called that practice Islam?  What are the two divisions?"— Presentation transcript:

1

2 MODERN ISLAM

3 ADHAN Close your eyes!

4  Who is Mohammad?  What is the Quran?  What are people called that practice Islam?  What are the two divisions?  What are the Five Pillars? WHAT DO WE REMEMBER ABOUT ISLAM?

5  Declaring that there is no God except God, and Muhammad is God’s Messenger 1. DECLARATION OF FAITH/TESTIMONY (SHAHADAH)

6  Ritual prayer five times a day  Called from the mosque  Face towards Mecca  “Allah is the greatest, Allah is greatest I bear witness that there is no God but Allah I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah Hasten to worship. Hasten to success. Prayer is better than sleep God is greatest. There is no God but Allah.” For Orem, UT it would play at these times: 6:27 am. 7:41 am. 1:37 pm. 4:57 pm. 7:32 pm. 8:47pm 2. PRAYER (SALAT)

7 PRAYER

8  Only eating at night during the month of Ramadan 3. FASTING DURING RAMADAN Source

9  Giving 2.5% of one’s savings to the poor and the needy  Do the math!  $100? = $2.50  $20,000? = $500  $1,000,000 = $25, GIVING TO THE POOR (ZAKAT)

10  Journey to Mecca, once in one’s life 5. THE HAJJ

11  Average Day in the Life of a Muslim  Depends on where you live (serious or not?)  Every day: Call to Prayer  Source Source ISLAM TODAY: DAY IN THE LIFE

12  Fridays at the Dome of the Rock ISLAM TODAY: MOSQUE

13 THE DOME OF THE ROCK

14  Completed in 691 A.D. (1323 years old!)  Is placed over a rock (Foundation Stone). Built on the Temple Mount (where the Jewish temple of Solomon was built).  The rock is the spot where Muhammad ascended up to heaven, with the angel Gabriel.  Located in Jerusalem.  Very sacred worship place in Islam. DOME OF THE ROCK

15 INSIDE THE DOME OF THE ROCK

16  What is it?  Religious meaning  Media’s meaning  September 11 th, 2001  Al-Qaeda  Taliban  Afghanistan JIHAD

17  Ranges: Very Traditional to more modern Source Source DRESS AND APPEARANCE

18 Source

19  How many wives can a man legally have in Islamic law?  How many wives do you think the average man has?  Traditional gender roles  In some countries a woman cannot board a plane or check into a hotel without written permission by a male member of her family. MARRIAGE AND WOMENS’ RIGHTS

20 THE ARAB NATIONS TODAY Source

21  Different types:  Monarchies  Kuwait, Saudi Arabia  Dictatorship  Iraq  Democracies  Theocracy?  Iran  War in Iraq  “spreading democracy”  Resources and Conflicts Over  Oil  OPEC  Water  Embargoes  Desert Storm  Iraq invaded Kuwait  Kuwait was “stealing” Iraqi petroleum GOVERNMENTS AND RESOURCES IN THE MIDDLE EAST

22 ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT

23  Short story:  Jewish Diaspora  Arabs came in  Jews spread throughout Europe/America  WWII  Zionism grows and Jews desire to return to their homeland  Conflict with the Arabs already there  War  Borders/Security  Freedom of Movement  Control of Jerusalem  Settlements  Water Rights PALESTINIAN-ISRAELI CONFLICT

24  Israel became a nation in 1948 as a result of peace treaties.  Palestinians aren’t recognized as such, but are called Arabs. “Palestine” isn’t legally recognized by most countries  How do you think it would feel to be a Muslim in Israel?  A Jew in Israel?  A Christian in Israel? CONFLICT

25  Pull out a piece of paper and write down:  5 new things you learned about Islam that you didn’t know before  Then answer, in a paragraph, a response to one of these questions:  1. What solutions do you have for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict?  2. How has what you learned today changed or not changed your perspective on Muslims? How will it change the way you interact with Muslims in the future? CLOSING

26 RESORT BY THE DEAD SEA

27 BAPTISMAL SITE

28 WADI RUM Nomadic Tribes/Bedouin people live here and throughout the desert regions

29 DESERT TRANSPORT

30 TURKEY

31 ISTANBUL

32 BLUE MOSQUE


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