3Focus and Objective Discuss Do you know of a conflict between different religious groups in the United States?Do we have a lot of religious conflicts in the United States, why or why not?At the end of class today you will understand and identify the three main religions found in the Middle East and where the source of political tension in this region comes from and why its there!
4Key Terms Dome of the Rock/ Temple Mount Western Wall Synagogues MosqueChurchIslamChristianityJudaism
5Conflict-Jerusalem plays an important role in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The 2000 Statistical Yearbook of Jerusalem lists 1204 synagogues, 158 churches, and 73 mosques within the city. Despite efforts to maintain peaceful religious coexistence, some sites, such as the Temple Mount, have been a continuous source of friction and controversy.
9Islamic ImportanceAccording to Islamic tradition, the rock is the spot from where Muhammad ascended to Heaven accompanied by the angel Gabriel.
10Judaism Importance and the Western Wall Sometimes referred to as the Wailing Wall. Wailing Wall Is an important Jewish religious site located in the Old City of Jerusalem.According to majority rabbinic opinion, Jews may not set foot upon the Temple Mount and doing so is a sin punishable by Jewish Law.In Judaism, the Western Wall is venerated as the sole remnant of the Holy Temple. It has become a place of pilgrimage for Jews, as it is the closest permitted accessible site to the holiest spot in Judaism
11Where is the Dome of the Rock compared to the Western Wall? Right below it!
12Christianity What is special about this city according to Christians? Jesus was tried and convicted of blasphemy. Hung on a cross, buried in a cave/grave, and on the third day a rose from the dead.Jesus revisited his followers.Three Key concepts of ChristianityJesus is the son of GodJesus Died on the cross for my sinsJesus rose from the dead andBecause I believe in him I too will be raisedChurchBibleJesusSalvation
13Class Discussion Question Imagine living in a house with family members where everybody has different beliefs?Tower of David
14Class Discussion Question What religions find Jerusalem sacred?Jerusalem is holy to Judaism, Christianity and Islam….but why?Why is this city a source of political tension in the Southwest Asia and Central Asia region and why its there? (write the question and answer down)Tower of David
15Test QuestionsWhich three monotheistic religions are in Southwest Asia?Judaism, Hinduism, and IslamJudaism, Christianity, and HinduismIslam, Judaism, and ChristianityIslam, Hinduism, and Christianity
16Test QuestionsWhat two sites in Jerusalem have prompted clashes between Jews and Muslims?The Western Wall and the KaabaThe Mediterranean Sea and the Oil exportsThe Western Wall and the Golan HeightsThe Western Wall and the Dome of the Rock
17Test QuestionsWhy is Jerusalem important to all three religious groups in Southwest Asia?Because it is a vital part of each of their religious histories and belief systemsBecause each religion is polytheistic and the all worship many gods.Because it is a vital place for oil and tradingBecause it is were Jewish, Christian, and Islamic people created the PLO.
18Other Factors Different Islamic Interests Ethnic Conflict Too Shi’a (Hezbollah, Iran)Sunni (Al Qaida, Saudi, Egypt)Ethnic Conflict TooPalestinians: Arab ethnicityIranians: Persian Ancestry
19Other Factors Energy Considerations Ideological/Historical Precedent Oil in SWA controlled by ArabsRegion is growing transit area for energyIdeological/Historical PrecedentWestern support for Israel after WWIIUS aid to Egypt under Camp David AccordsSoviet support for Arab statesNatural counter to US/Western influenceTempered by invasion of Afghanistan