Presentation on theme: "Georgia and the New South Key people and events of this Period"— Presentation transcript:
1Georgia 1877-1918 and the New South Key people and events of this Period SS8H7 The student will evaluate key political, social, and economic changes that occurred in Georgia between 1877 and (a, b, c, and d)
2Reconstruction endsAfter Reconstruction the outh was still in turmoil. After suffering most of the war damage, how could it resurrect itself and its economy?The south and Georgia picks itself up and tries to rebuild politically and economically.
3Bourbon Triumvirate“Bourbon” the name of a ruling class in France and “Triumvirate” referring to a ruling body of three.Joseph E. Brown, Alfred Colquitt, John B. Gordon, three men united in a common goal to rebuild the south.They were bound together in the belief that in order for GA’s economy to grow, we needed to expand our ties with the industrial North.Wanted to keep many of the old southern tradition, including the belief in white supremacyActive in GA politics from
4Joseph E. Brown John B. Gordon Alfred H. Colquitt
5Henry Grady “Voice of the New South” Graduated from University of GeorgiaIn 1880 became managing editor of Atlanta ConstitutionIn one of his most famous speeches he stressed the need for industry in Georgia, particularly the textile millsOne of the planners of the Atlanta 1881 International Cotton Exposition
6Atlanta and the International Cotton Exposition 1895 International and Cotton States Exposition opensIt showcased the latest technology in transportation, manufacturing, mining, agriculture, and other fields.Helped attract investor and highlighted Atlanta as a regional business centerBooker T. Washington gave the famous speech known as the “Atlanta Compromise “
8Tom Watson: a Powerful Leader of his time Member of the Georgia General Assembly, the U.S. House in 1890 and Senate in 1920Represented the Farmer’s Alliance and the Populist Party, opposed national banks, paper money, and wanted a decrease in taxes for low income citizensSucceeded in instituting an experimental program of bringing free delivery of mail to rural areas (Rural Free Delivery bill)
9Thomas E. WatsonWhen many were supporting Northern industry, Watson supported the farmers and the agrarian traditions
10The Populists A new political party in the 1890’s Appealed to white farmers who had been struggling due to low cotton prices, debt and high railroad freight chargesDeveloped out of the Farmers Alliance which was an agricultural societyRose in opposition to the Democratic PartyWas popular in many southern states but strongest in Georgia
11government assistance. Political Cartoon of the time. Farmers neededgovernment assistance.
12Rebecca Latimer Felton First women to serve in the U.S. SenateEntered politics through her husband, William Felton’s political careerThey lived on a farm outside CartersvilleSupported many reform movements such as the end of the convict-lease system and the women’s suffrage movement
13The 1906 Atlanta Race Riot Occurred September 22-24, 1906 Racial tensions were aggravated by wide spread unemploymentWhite mob attacked innocent blacks after the newspaper erroneously reported that white women had been assaulted by 4 black menLasted three days until the GA militia stepped in to control the mob and arrested 250 men outside of BrownsvilleThere were varying reports on the death total, it ranged from twenty-five to forty African American deaths, but most accounts agree that only two whites were killed.
14October 7, 1906, issue of the French publication Le Petit Journal.
15Leo Frank CaseConvicted of the murder of 13 year old Mary Phagan, a young worker at National Pencil factoryBecause he was Jewish, the superintendent of the pencil factory and from the north; he represented many things southerners resented at the timeAfter the governor commuted his sentence to life in prison, a mob from Mary’s hometown of Marietta took him from jailHe was lynched on August 17, 1915
16Paroles pardoned Frank. In 1986 the Georgia StateBoard of Pardons andParoles pardoned Frank.
17Jim Crow Laws and the restriction of civil rights A group of laws in the South that were designed to limit and restrict the civil rights of African AmericansBased on white supremacy, these laws separated people of color from whites in schools, housing, jobs, and public gathering places.Through legal means they were prevented from votingSupreme Court supported these laws with the Plessy v. Ferguson decision
18Jim Crow “White citizen league barring Black voters” Harpers Weekly 10/31/1874
19Plessy v. Ferguson“In the pivotal case of Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that racially separate facilities, if equal, did not violate the Constitution. Segregation, the Court said, was not discrimination.”Homer Plessy was arrested in Louisiana for refusing to move from a train seat reserved for whites
21Differing ideas for reaching equality Booker T. WashingtonW.E.B. DuboisPopular spokesman for African American rightsBelieved the best way to equal rights was through education, "industry, thrift, intelligence and property.“Had a network of supporters (many wealthy northern philanthropists)Tuskegee Normal and Industrial InstituteFounder of the Niagara Movement that later becomes the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People)Believed the best way to equal rights was through political representation and the “talented tenth” or the intellectual elite
23Alonzo HerndonBorn a slave and later becomes Atlanta’s first African American millionaireFounder and president of Atlanta Mutual Life Insurance CoOwned the Crystal Palace, a barbershop in Atlanta that served elite white society of Atlanta
24John and Lugenia Burns Hope Lugenia was the founder of the Atlanta Neighborhood Union in 1908, which was a women led self-help and social service organizationJohn was an educator and politician that helped with the Niagara Movement and the NAACPJohn was president of Morehouse College until his death in 1936
25Causes of World War IFirst war that involved the major powers of Europe, Italy, France, Germany, Great Britain, Austria-Hungarian Empire and Russia ( )Tensions over territory in the BalkansMany intertwined factors such as complex alliances between nationsA build up of military forcesImperialism and NationalismThe immediate cause was due to the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, by a Serbian National
26Six German soldiers in trench with machine gun( Six German soldiers in trench with machine gun(?) 40 meters from the British during the First World War.The Great Powers under the terror of explosion in Balkans atFrom top: trenches on the western front,German biplanes, British tank, Vickers machinegun crew with gas masks, battleshipSinking from striking a mineScenes from WWI
27The U.S. Enters the WarIn May 1915, a German sub sinks the ship the Lusitania, which had American cargo and citizens on boardThen the British intercept and decode a German telegram known as the Zimmerman telegram which urged Mexico to join the war in exchange for U.S. territory in the southwestR.M.S. Lusitania, hit by torpedos off Kinsale Head, Ireland
28Georgia’s involvement with the War Ft. Benning, Ft. Gordon, become military institutions during the war, Ft. McPherson become a POW camp for German sub crewRailroads carried troops and munitions to portFarmers grew crops, tobacco and livestock for troopsTextile mills produced fabric for uniforms3000 Georgians died for the cause
29Review Key social, economic, and political events in 1877-1918 Analyze how rights were denied to African AmericansRole of key African American in AtlantaReason for WWI and Georgia’s contributions