2 Scenes from the everyday lives of African Americans, which are realistically depicted in the paintings of Henry Ossawa Tanner.(A) Scenes from the everyday lives of African Americans, which are realistically depicted in the paintings of Henry Ossawa Tanner.(B) Scenes from the everyday lives of African Americans being realistically depicted in the paintings of Henry Ossawa Tanner.(C) The paintings of Henry Ossawa Tanner realistically depict scenes from the everyday lives of African Americans.(D) Henry Ossawa Tanner, in his realistic paintings, depicting scenes from the everyday lives of African Americans.(E) Henry Ossawa Tanner, whose paintings realistically depict scenes from the everyday lives of African Americans.
3 Identifying Sentence Error The students a have discovered that b they can address issues more effectively c through letter-writing campaigns d and not through public demonstrations. e No error
5 IMPACTSS Illogical Meaning Modifiers Pronouns Agreement Comparison TenseSentence ConstructionStyle
6 Illogical MeaningIncorrect: Bill thought that the siren on his car radio was a policeman approaching behind himCorrect: Bill thought that the siren on his car radio was that of a policeman approaching behind him
7 Modifiers Modifiers can be an adjective, adverb, or modifying phrase Modifying phrases and clauses must be properly placed for what they are intended to modify.Incorrect: The house belongs to John Smith on the cornerCorrect: The house on the corner belongs to John Smith.
8 ModifiersModifying phrases often appear at the beginning of a sentence.Intro Modifier Rule: When a sentence starts with a modifying phrase, determine what noun or pronoun the phrase describes. That noun or pronoun should be the first noun or pronoun that appears after the modifying phrase.Incorrect: Upset and tired, the babies’ naptime is now.Incorrect: Upset and tired, now is the babies’ naptime.Correct: Upset and tired, the baby is in need of a nap.
9 ModifiersThe relative pronouns Which, Who, and That must describe the noun immediately before it and comes after a comma.Examples:Correct: The board nominated Joan, who was a school favorite.Correct: The class bombed the test, which other students felt was relatively easy.Incorrect: The car runs great on gas, which was recently purchased.
10 Pronouns Pronouns must have a clear antecedent Incorrect: Green and Holmes played, and he scored a touchdownCorrect: Green and Holmes played, and Holmes scored a touchdown* Use who and whom to refer to people; use that or which to refer to any other nouns.* Shifting from “one” to “you” is incorrect
11 Subject-Verb Agreement A verb must agree with it subject noun in person and number.The noun closest to a verb is often not its subjectOnly the conjunction and forms a compound subject that requires a plural verb (ex: Football and basketball are my favorites.Incorrect: The number of applicants to the top schools are increasing every year.Correct: The number of applicants to the top schools is increasing every year.
14 ComparisonsOn the SAT, a sentence that compares different kinds of things is considered an error. Compare similar things.Compare logical things (Tom enjoys running more than swimming/The Ford runs just as good as the Chevy)Use parallel structure (Resting is as important as training/To know me is to love me)Structure sentences correctly (I am not as strong in Math as I am in Reading)
15 ComparisonsIncorrect: Group A’s findings are more significant than Group BCorrect: Group A’s findings are more significant that those of Group BOrGroup A’s findings are more significant than Group B’s
17 Sentence Structure Punctuation and Linking Clauses Correct Forms: Independent clause. Independent clauseIndependent clause, (fanboys) Independent clauseIndependent clause; Independent clauseIndependent clause, dependent clauseIncorrect: Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but John was having a particularly hard time with itCorrect: Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone, but John was having a particularly hard time with it
22 WordinessA sentence that uses more words than necessary is stylistically incorrect. The SAT prefers concise sentencesEx. The protagonist’s decision would prove deadly and fatal
23 ParallelismItems in a series, list, or compound must be parallel in formA list: I Like to A, B, and C I like to A, to B, and to C.A compound: I like A and B not I like A and to BAn idiomatic phraseA comparisonRelated nouns
24 Idioms Common idioms: As……as Not only…..but also Neither…..nor Either…..or