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Sentence Correction. Scenes from the everyday lives of African Americans, which are realistically depicted in the paintings of Henry Ossawa Tanner. (A)

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Presentation on theme: "Sentence Correction. Scenes from the everyday lives of African Americans, which are realistically depicted in the paintings of Henry Ossawa Tanner. (A)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Sentence Correction

2 Scenes from the everyday lives of African Americans, which are realistically depicted in the paintings of Henry Ossawa Tanner. (A) Scenes from the everyday lives of African Americans, which are realistically depicted in the paintings of Henry Ossawa Tanner. (B) Scenes from the everyday lives of African Americans being realistically depicted in the paintings of Henry Ossawa Tanner. (C) The paintings of Henry Ossawa Tanner realistically depict scenes from the everyday lives of African Americans. (D) Henry Ossawa Tanner, in his realistic paintings, depicting scenes from the everyday lives of African Americans. (E) Henry Ossawa Tanner, whose paintings realistically depict scenes from the everyday lives of African Americans.

3 Identifying Sentence Error The students a have discovered that b they can address issues more effectively c through letter-writing campaigns d and not through public demonstrations. e No error

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5 IMPACTSS Illogical Meaning Modifiers Pronouns Agreement Comparison Tense Sentence Construction Style

6 Illogical Meaning Incorrect: Bill thought that the siren on his car radio was a policeman approaching behind him Correct: Bill thought that the siren on his car radio was that of a policeman approaching behind him

7 Modifiers Modifiers can be an adjective, adverb, or modifying phrase Modifying phrases and clauses must be properly placed for what they are intended to modify. Incorrect: The house belongs to John Smith on the corner Correct: The house on the corner belongs to John Smith.

8 Modifiers Modifying phrases often appear at the beginning of a sentence. Intro Modifier Rule: When a sentence starts with a modifying phrase, determine what noun or pronoun the phrase describes. That noun or pronoun should be the first noun or pronoun that appears after the modifying phrase. Incorrect: Upset and tired, the babies’ naptime is now. Incorrect: Upset and tired, now is the babies’ naptime. Correct: Upset and tired, the baby is in need of a nap.

9 Modifiers The relative pronouns Which, Who, and That must describe the noun immediately before it and comes after a comma. Examples: Correct: The board nominated Joan, who was a school favorite. Correct: The class bombed the test, which other students felt was relatively easy. Incorrect: The car runs great on gas, which was recently purchased.

10 Pronouns Pronouns must have a clear antecedent Incorrect: Green and Holmes played, and he scored a touchdown Correct: Green and Holmes played, and Holmes scored a touchdown * Use who and whom to refer to people; use that or which to refer to any other nouns. * Shifting from “one” to “you” is incorrect

11 Subject-Verb Agreement A verb must agree with it subject noun in person and number. The noun closest to a verb is often not its subject Only the conjunction and forms a compound subject that requires a plural verb (ex: Football and basketball are my favorites. Incorrect: The number of applicants to the top schools are increasing every year. Correct: The number of applicants to the top schools is increasing every year.

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14 Comparisons On the SAT, a sentence that compares different kinds of things is considered an error. Compare similar things. Compare logical things (Tom enjoys running more than swimming/The Ford runs just as good as the Chevy) Use parallel structure (Resting is as important as training/To know me is to love me) Structure sentences correctly (I am not as strong in Math as I am in Reading)

15 Comparisons Incorrect: Group A’s findings are more significant than Group B Correct: Group A’s findings are more significant that those of Group B Or Group A’s findings are more significant than Group B’s

16 Tense

17 Sentence Structure Punctuation and Linking Clauses Correct Forms: A.Independent clause. Independent clause B.Independent clause, (fanboys) Independent clause C.Independent clause; Independent clause D.Independent clause, dependent clause Incorrect: Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but John was having a particularly hard time with it Correct: Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone, but John was having a particularly hard time with it

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20 FANBOYS For And Nor But Or Yet So

21 Writing Style Wordiness Parallelism Transitions Modifiers Pronouns Comparisons

22 Wordiness A sentence that uses more words than necessary is stylistically incorrect. The SAT prefers concise sentences Ex. The protagonist’s decision would prove deadly and fatal

23 Parallelism Items in a series, list, or compound must be parallel in form A list: I Like to A, B, and C I like to A, to B, and to C. A compound: I like A and B not I like A and to B An idiomatic phrase A comparison Related nouns

24 Idioms Common idioms: As……as Not only…..but also Neither…..nor Either…..or


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