Presentation on theme: "The Anasazi and Their Neighbors By: Malik, Katie, Casey"— Presentation transcript:
1The Anasazi and Their Neighbors By: Malik, Katie, Casey The Ancient Ones:The Anasazi and Their NeighborsBy: Malik, Katie, Casey
2BackgroundThe Anasazi were a group of Native-American, originating from Asia. They were hunter-gatherers, in around 11,000 B.C.The Anasazi did not develop their own indigenous agriculture.Most of their food supplies arrived from people living in now Mexico.The landscape where the Anasazi lived was a dry soil, and not many trees grew. Everything was caked with dust.
3When the Native American farmers first moved into the Chaco Canyon (A When the Native American farmers first moved into the Chaco Canyon (A.D. 600), they lived in underground pit houses.Without influence from neighboring civilizations, the Chaco Anasazi developed large stone structures with multiple rooms. By about A.D. 920, the structures were already several stories high, reaching as high as most apartment buildings downtown (up to six stories).The largest ones used log supports up to 16 feet in length, supporting 600 rooms, and weighing upwards of 700 pounds!
4The narrow canyon (previously) caught rain from many side channels, much like a sewer system. This resulted a a very large amount of water, which could be dammed and released slowly.Most times though, this resulted in deep cutting arroyos, as shown to the right.
5The land went through cycles of wet and dry periods, sometimes lasting up to decades. The cycling could last through generations, so sometimes a society, such as the Anasazi, forgot that dry periods existed.When a drought finally did come, most times they were unprepared.The Chaco valley originally contained a vast diversity of plant and animal life. Today it is a barren wasteland.Most of the trees are gone and all the people disappeared long ago.
6Society: Anasazi flourished from 600 A.D. to between 1150 and 1200 Complexly organized, geographically extensive, and regionallyintegratedInvented techniques of stone constructionChaco Canyon was the center of the Anasazi political and socialSociety due to environmental resources
7Society(cont.)-Despite environmental problems such as low rainfall andDeforestation population continued to grow-Population in its peak = less than 5,000-Anasazi lived in “Great Houses” (ex. Pueblo Bonito) as wellas other Small settlements at the base of the canyon-Great Houses held up to 600 rooms
8Tree-rings and other indicators show that persistent climate changes and like droughts and frosts in the early 900s, early 1100s, and the late of 1200s affected the regions. Each of these periods led to shifts in life and settlement patterns
9Society Chaco Canyon became “black hole” Goods were imported but nothing was exportedImported goods: trees for construction, pottery, stone for makingTools, turquoise for making ornaments, and shell jewelryEven food had to be imported
10Society Chaco society turned into mini empire Divided between well-fed elite living in luxury and a less well-fed peasantry doing the work and raising foodHousing determined “status”: Great House (chiefs), outlier Great Houses (junior chiefs), and small homes (peasants)