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The First New Mexicans. First New Mexicans ◊Big game Hunters (Clovis and Folsom) ◊Desert Dwellers (Mogollon and Anasazi) ◊Big game Hunters (Clovis and.

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Presentation on theme: "The First New Mexicans. First New Mexicans ◊Big game Hunters (Clovis and Folsom) ◊Desert Dwellers (Mogollon and Anasazi) ◊Big game Hunters (Clovis and."— Presentation transcript:

1 The First New Mexicans

2 First New Mexicans ◊Big game Hunters (Clovis and Folsom) ◊Desert Dwellers (Mogollon and Anasazi) ◊Big game Hunters (Clovis and Folsom) ◊Desert Dwellers (Mogollon and Anasazi)

3 Migration ◊12,000 to 8,000 Years ago Nomadic Tribes, following herds of Giant Bison and Mammoth crossed the land bridge from Siberia into North America ◊A Land Bridge was formed when the Ice Age caused the the sea level to drop 300 ft. ◊These nomadic tribes crossed the land bridge and continued to spread throughout North and South America. ◊12,000 to 8,000 Years ago Nomadic Tribes, following herds of Giant Bison and Mammoth crossed the land bridge from Siberia into North America ◊A Land Bridge was formed when the Ice Age caused the the sea level to drop 300 ft. ◊These nomadic tribes crossed the land bridge and continued to spread throughout North and South America.

4 Clovis and Folsom Cultures ◊Clovis culture is the oldest in New Mexico. Named after a spear point found near Clovis NM Little is known about Clovis Culture except they were big game hunters who hunted Giant mammoth, Musk Ox, sloth and wide- horned ox. ◊Clovis culture is the oldest in New Mexico. Named after a spear point found near Clovis NM Little is known about Clovis Culture except they were big game hunters who hunted Giant mammoth, Musk Ox, sloth and wide- horned ox. ◊Folsom Culture ◊1908 George McJunkin a cowboy and former slave discovered Bison Bones in a wash after a hard rain near Folsom, NM. In the Bone was a spear point. ◊1928 Archeologists begin to dig the site. They found more bones and more spear points ◊Using carbon-14 dating scientist have determined that both cultures lived around 10,000 BC

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6 Big Game Hunters Out, Desert Dwellers In ◊Big Game Hunters continued to live in NM until the Big game was gone. ◊The end of the Ice Age change NM Climate from a grassland to desert. ◊Hunters moved on to the Great Plains to continue their nomadic ways hunting smaller game like buffalo. ◊Big Game Hunters continued to live in NM until the Big game was gone. ◊The end of the Ice Age change NM Climate from a grassland to desert. ◊Hunters moved on to the Great Plains to continue their nomadic ways hunting smaller game like buffalo. ◊Desert Dwellers People who stayed behind moved into western NM. 3 Stages of development

7 1st Stage Desert Dwellers ◊8,000 to 5,000 years ago ◊Hunted deer, antelope, rodents; fished and gathered seeds, nuts and berries. ◊8,000 to 5,000 years ago ◊Hunted deer, antelope, rodents; fished and gathered seeds, nuts and berries.

8 2nd Stage Desert Dwellers ◊5,000 to 2,000 Years ago. ◊Incorporated farming into life style after noticing that seeds left behind in a certain place had grown into plants the following year. ◊Continued to move around but intentionally left seed behind so ther would be food when they came back the next Year

9 Basket and Milling Stone ◊Desert Dwellers used baskets to gather, store, and even cook food ◊Milling Stones were used to grind seeds into flour. ◊Desert Dwellers used baskets to gather, store, and even cook food ◊Milling Stones were used to grind seeds into flour.

10 Sedentary Desert Dwellers Mogollon and Anasazi

11 Mogollon ◊As early as 3,000 BC ancestors of the Mogollon began growing corn. ◊By 300 BC mogollon became true farmers growing corn, squash, and beans. ◊The culture reached its peak about AD 500.

12 Anasazi ◊“The Ancient Ones” or “enemies of our ancestors” ◊Developed more slowly than Mogollon.

13 Early Anasazi ◊AD ◊Basketmakers (no pottery) ◊Used Atlatl (for Hunting) ◊Domesticated Dogs ◊AD ◊Basketmakers (no pottery) ◊Used Atlatl (for Hunting) ◊Domesticated Dogs

14 Modified Basketmaker Anasazi ◊AD ◊Began Farming corn, squash, and beans. ◊Lived in Pit houses ◊Pottery ◊Bow and Arrow

15 Anasazi Pueblo Culture ◊AD ◊Begin to build rows of adobe houses above ground sometimes in the shape of an L or U ◊At the center was a Kiva or religious center. ◊Matrilineal Culture ◊Polish skills in pottery making. ◊Weaving cotton to make summer clothing ◊Cradle boards = flat head. Within a few generations the physical appearance of Anasazi changed as a result of the cradle board. ◊AD ◊Begin to build rows of adobe houses above ground sometimes in the shape of an L or U ◊At the center was a Kiva or religious center. ◊Matrilineal Culture ◊Polish skills in pottery making. ◊Weaving cotton to make summer clothing ◊Cradle boards = flat head. Within a few generations the physical appearance of Anasazi changed as a result of the cradle board.

16 The Golden Age of the Anasazi ◊AD ◊Became the dominant culture of the area. ◊Used stone masonry to build multistoried Buildings. ◊Cliff Dwellings ◊Complex water control systems and roads ◊AD ◊Became the dominant culture of the area. ◊Used stone masonry to build multistoried Buildings. ◊Cliff Dwellings ◊Complex water control systems and roads

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19 What Happened? ◊Anasazi culture abruptly ends about AD ◊1276 drought hit the area ◊Wars with neighboring tribes ◊Civil war ◊Anasazi assimilated into nearby Pueblo tribes. ◊Anasazi culture abruptly ends about AD ◊1276 drought hit the area ◊Wars with neighboring tribes ◊Civil war ◊Anasazi assimilated into nearby Pueblo tribes.


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