Presentation on theme: "10/6 notes Wolf essays due next time Paul out of town"— Presentation transcript:
110/6 notesWolf essays due next timePaul out of townOffice hour tomorrow at 11:00
2Archaic and AnasaziFirst: Folsom, Archaic, and cornAnasazi: ChacoAnasazi: Mesa Verde and Kayenta
3ArchaicAfter Clovis, megafauna extinction5500 BC to 1500 BCSome have it ending at BC-ADNomadic hunter-gatherersDeer, rabbits, small gameWild plantsSeasonal camps
4AtlatlAztec wordA-tul-A-tulAt-LAT-ulSpear throwerYou, too, can excelAtlatl clubsBow, arrow by ~AD 500
5CornArrival of corn: BCFull dependence on corn: 500 BCAdvantages:Makes an abundance of foodStore it (especially when pottery evolved)More kidsDisadvantagesNot very nutritionalLimited hunting activitiesGround with stones – teeth problems.
8Anasazi CaveatYes, “Anasazi” is Navajo for “ancient ones”Yes, many Anasazi prehistoric sites lie within present Navajo ReservationYes, Keet Seel and Betatakin House are in Navajo National MonumentBut no, Anasazi and Navajo not otherwise ancestrally relatedAnasazi Hisatsinom (Hopi)
34Kayenta vs. Mesa Verde Farming MV farmed mesa topsValley bottoms too narrowReliance on summer rains for irrigationVulnerable to extended droughtKayenta farmed valley bottomsUpland soils too sparseReliance on groundwater for irrigationVulnerable to sediment loss.
46Anasazi and Environment Summary People affect resources, affected by themLarge communities of rock and woodMay have used up woodDivert, trap, save waterSediment loss, droughtGrow foodStill needed other foodFinally had to move to new resourcesCould this apply to modern society?