Our planet is divided in five climate zones according to temperature Cool climate zone Temperate zone Hot climate zone
There are two COOL CLIMATE ZONES within the polar circles. The Sun’s rays reach the Earth at an oblique angle all year round. Consequently, temperature are always cold. There are two TEMPERATE ZONES between the tropics and the polar circles. The Sun’s rays reach the Earth at a greater angle than in the hot zone. Consequently, temperatures are mild and vary with the seasons. There is a HOT CLIMATE ZONE between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. The Sun’s rays reach the Earth at a perpendicular angle all year round, so temperature are always high. There is very little difference between the seasons.
60°N COLD ZONE 30°N TEMPERATE ZONE HOT ZONE 30°S 60°S There are two main climates in the cold zones: polar and mountain There are four main climates in the temperate zones: oceanic, Mediterranean, continental and Chinese There are four main climates in the hot zone: equatorial, tropical humid, tropical dry and desert.