Presentation on theme: "Aim: How can I prepare for my exam in Child Development?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Aim: How can I prepare for my exam in Child Development? Do Now: Take out your review questions and answers.
2 1. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Designed as a pyramid with 5 sectionsRead from the bottom to top beginning with physical needs, safety, love and belonging, esteem and at the top Self ActualizationIn order to reach your full potential, Maslow said that you had to start with satisfying your physical needs then move up the pyramid satisfying each level of needs until you self actualized.This is a lifelong process; self actualization is not an endpoint.
4 2. Developmental TaskA developmental task is something that should be mastered by a certain stage in lifeFor example walking, potty training, talking
5 3. Who is Robert Havighurst? Educator and behavioral scientistBelieved achieving developmental tasks leads to happiness and success with later tasksSaid that developmental tasks of children come from 3 sources:Physical growth – helpless to walking and readingSocial pressures – rewards and penalties. Culture plays a big influenceInner pressures – the actual push to achieve comes from within. Children work harder to achieve tasks they like.
6 4. What role does culture play? Culture plays a huge role for an individualCulture affects everyone in the same waysReligionLanguageTraditionCelebrationsFoodsClothingGreetings
7 5. What is a developmental delay? A developmental delay is when a child behaves like a younger child.Example: an 18 month old child who is not walking yetA 3 year old not yet talking
8 6. What are the four reasons we study children? The four reasons we study children are:Understand yourself – what does it take to take that first step?Be a responsible parent – meet the needs of your childrenProtect children’s rights – the United Nations recognized the importance and developed UNICEFTo work with children – to know how to service them in the best way
9 7. What is child development? Child development is the scientific study of child from conception to adolesence
10 8. What is included under physical needs according to Maslow? According to Maslow physical needs include:FoodWaterAirShelterClothing/FootwearMedical Care
11 9. What is developmental acceleration? Developmental acceleration is when a child behaves like an older child.Example: a 9 month old who is walking; a 1 year reading
12 10. What are the needs of children? The needs of children are:PhysicalIntellectualSocial-EmotionalGuidance/DisciplineNurturance
13 11. What are the stages of the Individual Life Cycle 11. What are the stages of the Individual Life Cycle? What is happening in each stage?The individual life cycle has 6 stages:Prenatal – 0-9months – fastest growth stage – go from single cell to complete organismNeonatal- 2 weeks-getting used to life on the outsideInfant -2 weeks to 1st birthday – developing the foundation for thinking, motor and language skillsToddler – mos. – testing dependence on adults, makes strides in thinking, language and motor skillsPreschool – 3 to 6 yrs – develops self concept, more self sufficient, should be playing exploring their worldSchool age yrs – achievement central goal, mastering reading writing and arithmetic, learning peer interaction, learning self control, learning by group instruction
14 12. SocializationTeaching a child how to live in a group; what is acceptable or unacceptable
15 13. Can a child be both developmentally accelerated and delayed? Yes a child can be both developmentally delayed and accelerated.Because different areas of the child mature and develop differently they can be ahead in one area (speech, for example) and delayed in another (motor skills, for example.)
16 14. What is the shortest stage of the individual life cycle? The shortest stage is the neonatal stage.It lasts 2 weeks starting on a child’s birthdayDuring this stage the child is getting used to life on the outside
17 15. If a person has all their previous needs met but fails to self actualize, what will happen to him/her according to Maslow?If a person has all their previous needs met and fails to self actualize they will become psychologically sick according to Maslow.
18 16. List 5 examples of characteristics governed by heredity The following characteristics are governed by heredity:Eye colorHair color and textureFacial featuresTemperamentColorblindnessCertain genetic diseases like sickle cell or cystic fibrosisHeightIntellegence
19 17. What are the interrelated parts of growth and development The interrelated parts of growth and development arePhysicalMental andSocial/emotional
20 18. EnvironmentEnvironment is the sum total of everything around you . It includes people, places or events.
21 19. HeredityHeredity is the sum of all traits passed on by blood relatives
22 20. What is a sequenced step? A sequenced step is a logical normal progression.For example before you can run you had to have walkedBefore you can read you had to identify letters of the alphbet
23 What is self actualization (SA)? Self Actualization is the term coined by Maslow that indicated that an individual had, at a given point in time, reached their full potential.Their lower needs had been metSA is not an endpoint; it is a life long process
24 22. Define “Teachable moment” A teachable moment is a time at which a child is likely to be particularly disposed to learn something or particularly responsive to being taught or made aware of something
25 23. Name 5 developmental Tasks WalkingTalkingPotty trainingThrowing a ballDancingFeeding themselvesDressingStacking blocksTying shoesPicking up toysDoing a puzzleWriting their nameColoringCutting out a pictureCountingReading
26 24. According to Havighurst what are the sources of developmental tasks? Havighurst said that developmental tasks of children come from 3 sources:Physical growth – helpless to walking and readingSocial pressures – rewards and penalties. Culture plays a big influenceInner pressures – the actual push to achieve comes from within. Children work harder to achieve tasks they like.
27 25. According to Maslow, what are the motives that guide our behavior? According to Maslow our behavior is driven by one of two motives:Deficiency motives (lack of some needed object) orGrowth motives (satisfaction comes from the growth that provides the expression of this motive)
28 26. Of all of our needs, which are the strongest according to Maslow 26. Of all of our needs, which are the strongest according to Maslow? Why?According to Maslow, our strongest needs are our physical needs.They are instinctual and biological; we need these for our basic survival
29 27.) What is a child centered society? A Child Centered Society is one that sees children as important and works for their good.
30 28.) Define developmentDevelopment is the gradual process through which babies become adults
31 29.) When does a child develop self concept? A child develops self concept during the preschool stage of the individual life cycle generally between the ages of 3 and 6
32 30. What influences growth and development more heredity or environment? Ideally they are 50/50Genes control how fast a babies bones develop (heredity) but proper diet is needed for a baby to grow (environment).
33 32. What are the principles of growth and development? 1.) G&D are constant2.) G&D are gradual and continuous3.) G&D happen in sequenced steps4.) G&D happen at different rates5.) G&D have interrelated parts