Presentation on theme: "Why study children? To Understand Children To Gain Skills"— Presentation transcript:
1 Why study children? To Understand Children To Gain Skills Better understand why they do what they doBetter appreciate all characteristics of human developmentUnderstand the importance of caregiversTo Gain SkillsSharpen your powers of observationTo Understand YourselfTo Build for the Future
3 Development is….. A process that includes growth- becoming taller, for example- as well as progress in skills and abilities.
4 The study of how children master new skills. Child Development is…The study of how children master new skills.
5 Developmental Tasks Challenges met at a particular stage of life. 1. Childhood2. Adolescence3. AdulthoodYOU ARE HERE!
6 Adolescence You must: Find your identity Become independent Plan for your life’s work
7 Influences on Development Heredity (Nature)Passing on certain characteristics from parent to childEye color, blood type, etc.Genes- small section of a chromosomeChromosomes- threadlike structures found within the nucleus, or center, of body cells.Environment (Nurture)People – especially familySociety and Culture can transmit values and customsEconomic ConditionsTechnology
8 How Did I Get ThisList some traits that children would develop or inherit from their environment and then list some traits that children would develop from their heredity. Finally list 5 personal traits that you have and tell whether they came from environment or heredity.
9 Evaluating Your Personal Development Examine your present personality – what you like and do not like, how you react to things or people, what your habits are, etc. Identify three or four factors in your childhood that have influenced your personal development and have aided in forming your present personality. These factors may be individuals, events, places, etc.Write about these influences and how you feel about them. Include ideas that you as a parent or caregiver may do differently and what you would do the same with your own children or children for which you may care.
10 Areas of Child Development P.I.E.S PhysicalGross (large) MotorFine (small) MotorSocialInteractions w/ othersExpressing selfEmotionalExpress feelingsEstablish identityIntellectualLearningLanguageMoralPersonal beliefsRight and wrong
11 Physical DevelopmentDevelopment including physical growth (weight, height) and muscle development.
12 Hand-eye coordination How the hands work in relation to what is being seen.
13 Small & Large Motor Skills Small: the use of the small muscles of the bodyLarge: the use of the large muscles of the body
14 Physical Dev. Examples Fine Motor Coloring Drawing Pointing Working puzzlesManipulating small objectsGross MotorRunningJumpingPlaying sportsWalkingThrowing
15 Cognitive/Intellectual Development The development of the mind including thought processes and learning
16 Cognitive Dev. Examples VocabularyCountingCause and effectTrial and errorIncidental learning
17 Social DevelopmentHow children interact and get along with each other.
18 Social Dev. ExamplesParallel Play—two children playing next to each other, but not togetherSolitary Play—a child playing by him/herselfCooperative Play—two or more children playing and interacting togetherSharing
19 Emotional Development How a child feels about him/herself and others and how he/she expresses those feelings.Self-esteem: how a child values him/herself
21 Moral Development What is right and wrong Through play children learn to follow the rules and act fairly toward othersThey learn to share and to encourage the efforts of others.
22 Moral Examples Sharing Having Manners Following rules Using appropriate languageRespecting othersNot lyingNot stealing
23 Developmental Showcases! Your work will be displayed in the classroom and hallway!!!
24 Developmental Showcase Create a mini-poster showcasing the four areas of developmentPhysicalSocialEmotionalIntellectualHave at least four examples of each area. Cut pictures out of the magazines provided. Be sure to identify the specific area of development.
25 PhysicalSocialAreas of DevelopmentEmotionalIntellectual
26 Characteristics of Development Development is….similar for everyonebuilds on earlier learningproceeds at an individual rateinterrelatedcontinuous throughout life
27 Development is similar for everyone. Children go through the same stages in about the same order.Examples—all babies lift their head before they lift their bodiesall babies stand up before they walk
28 Development builds on earlier learning Development follows a step by step pattern or a sequenceThe skills a child learns at one stage build directly on those mastered earlier.Examples—Before a child learns to run, he/she has to learn to walk.
29 Development proceeds at an individual rate. Children follow a similar pattern of development, each child is an individual.The rate of growth differs from child to childExamplesWhen did you first say dada?When did you first crawl/walk?
30 Development is continuous throughout life. The rate of development changes, sometimes it is fast and sometimes it is slow.Development never stops!
31 The different areas of development are interrelated PIESPhysical—the increasing ability to control and coordinate body movementsIntellectual—the process of learning to think, remember, understand, reason, and use languageEmotional—the process of learning to recognize and express feelingsSocial—learning to relate to other people
32 Checking Your Understanding Growth picture frame—draw a mirror or picture frame on a poster. Divide it into four sections (PIES). Write four words or draw four pictures that describe you in each area of development. You can only use something one time.
33 Area of Development Project Choose one of the following or create your own…display of your developmentPrepare a scrapbook illustrating your development in all four areasPrepare a power point showing pictures of yourself as you developed in all four areasPrepare a poster showing pictures of yourself as you developed in all four areasCreate your own display—just be sure to label PIESDue on Friday at the beginning of class….be sure to bring pictures tomorrow to work on this!
34 Class DiscussionWhat are a list of ways a family can provide enrichment for children without elaborate or expensive toys?Name some inexpensive toys or activities that can help children developTHE END