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The Four Types of Sentences

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Presentation on theme: "The Four Types of Sentences"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Four Types of Sentences
Simple Compound Complex Compound-Complex

2 What is an independent clause?
An independent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought. An independent clause is a sentence. (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/598/01/) Example: The bird flew away from its nest. (subject) (verb)

3 What is a dependent clause?
A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb but does not express a complete thought. A dependent clause cannot be a sentence. Often a dependent clause is marked by a dependent marker word. (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/598/01/) Example: When the bird flew away from its nest,… (subject) + (verb) but an incomplete thought!

4 Dependent Marker Words
A dependent marker word is a word added to the beginning of an independent clause that makes it into a dependent clause. (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/598/01/) Common Dependent Marker Words after although as as if because before even if/though if in order to since though unless until whatever when whenever whether while

5 Simple Sentence A simple sentence consists of ONE independent clause (ONE subject, ONE verb). Examples: The choir sang. The choir sang beautifully on Christmas morning. The choir sang beautifully on Christmas morning even without their star soprano.

6 Compound Sentence Two or more independent clauses connected by a conjunction or a semi-colon. Examples: The choir sang, and the musicians accompanied them. The star soprano was sick, but the show went on without her. The performance was outstanding; it was one of the best ever!

7 Complex Sentence ONE independent clause + AT LEAST ONE dependent clause Examples: The bird flew away from its nest when it detected a predator. While the cake was baking, the children decorated the house for the party.

8 Compound-Complex Sentence
TWO (or more) independent clauses + AT LEAST ONE dependent clause Examples: Although I enjoy reading, it has been awhile since I had time to finish a book; I am always at work! First, you need to take a quiz, and before you leave today, you need to turn in your paper.


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