Presentation on theme: "The Four Types of Sentences"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Four Types of Sentences SimpleCompoundComplexCompound-Complex
2 What is an independent clause? An independent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought. An independent clause is a sentence.(http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/598/01/)Example:The bird flew away from its nest.(subject) (verb)
3 What is a dependent clause? A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb but does not express a complete thought. A dependent clause cannot be a sentence. Often a dependent clause is marked by a dependent marker word. (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/598/01/)Example:When the bird flew away from its nest,…(subject) + (verb) but an incomplete thought!
4 Dependent Marker Words A dependent marker word is a word added to the beginning of an independent clause that makes it into a dependent clause. (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/598/01/)Common Dependent Marker Wordsafter although as as ifbecause before even if/though ifin order to since though unlessuntil whatever when wheneverwhether while
5 Simple SentenceA simple sentence consists of ONE independent clause (ONE subject, ONE verb).Examples:The choir sang.The choir sang beautifully on Christmas morning.The choir sang beautifully on Christmas morning even without their star soprano.
6 Compound SentenceTwo or more independent clauses connected by a conjunction or a semi-colon.Examples:The choir sang, and the musicians accompanied them.The star soprano was sick, but the show went on without her.The performance was outstanding; it was one of the best ever!
7 Complex SentenceONE independent clause + AT LEAST ONE dependent clauseExamples:The bird flew away from its nest when it detected a predator.While the cake was baking, the children decorated the house for the party.
8 Compound-Complex Sentence TWO (or more) independent clauses + AT LEAST ONE dependent clauseExamples:Although I enjoy reading, it has been awhile since I had time to finish a book; I am always at work!First, you need to take a quiz, and before you leave today, you need to turn in your paper.