Presentation on theme: "HOW DID GOVERNMENTS BEGIN? Origin of Government. Bell Ringer Describe how you think the United States would be if there was no government?"— Presentation transcript:
HOW DID GOVERNMENTS BEGIN? Origin of Government
Bell Ringer Describe how you think the United States would be if there was no government?
Everyone is free to make rational (good) or irrational (bad) decisions. Ambition and mistrust dominate. No one enforces rules or protects the people. State of Nature
Rules are enforced Minimizes irrational choices People are protected Increases survival Add Government
Thomas Hobbes "During the time men live without a common power to keep them all in awe, they are in that condition which is called war; and such a war as is of every man against every man....In such condition... the life of man [is] solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short. " - Thomas Hobbes, Philosopher
How did Governments come to exist? What was the first government?
Theories of the Origin of Government Evoluationary Theory Force Theory Divine Right Theory Social Contract Theory
I. Origin (Creation) of Government 1. Evolution Theory Started with families The heads of these families became the government. Families grew=gov grew provide order and protection.
Origin of Government 2. Force Theory An individual or group claim control over a territory and forced the population to follow their laws.
Historical Examples Mongol Empire Genghis Khan conquered other nomadic tribes until he controlled all of Asia
Theories of Government 3. Divine Right Theory God created the state, making it sovereign. The government is appointed by god The population must obey their ruler.
Historical Examples Persuasion/Rewards Mandate of Heaven (China, 1100’s BCE) the Chinese ruler was the “son of heaven” and had authority so long as he ruled in morally. Divine Right of Kings (Europe, 1500’s) monarchs represented God on Earth and did not have to answer the people because they answered to God.
Origins of Government 4. Social Contract Theory (Hobbes) People agree to give up some of their rights The government agrees to provide order and security
Historical Examples The United States of America The Constitution limits some of our rights and grants authority to the elected leaders The leaders protect our remaining rights
WHAT ARE THE MOST IMPORTANT ROLES OF GOVERNMENT? Roles of Government
Brainstorming Try and think of 3-4 broad categories that government should be responsible for. From there, think of more detailed responsibilities that fit within each category. Government Category 4 Category 3 Category 2 Category 1
What Should Governments Do? A. Maintain order B. Provide national security C. Provide public services D. Make economic decisions E. Secure our rights
John Locke Social Contract People have natural rights Life, liberty, property People have the right to rebel if gov does not protect natural rights Gov should have branches to balance power
Notebook Item 5 Survival for all Order Limits Individual Freedom Unlimited Freedom No rights Rights protected by government Survival of the Fittest Right to rebel against the government Chaotic Laws Common Goals State of Nature vs. Social Contract