Presentation on theme: "How did Governments begin?"— Presentation transcript:
1 How did Governments begin? Origin of GovernmentHow did Governments begin?
2 Bell RingerDescribe how you think the United States would be if there was no government?
3 State of NatureEveryone is free to make rational (good) or irrational (bad) decisions.Ambition and mistrust dominate.No one enforces rules or protects the people.
4 Add Government Minimizes irrational choices People are protected Rules are enforcedMinimizes irrational choicesPeople are protectedIncreases survival
5 Thomas Hobbes"During the time men live without a common power to keep them all in awe, they are in that condition which is called war; and such a war as is of every man against every man In such condition the life of man [is] solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short. "- Thomas Hobbes, Philosopher
6 How did Governments come to exist? What was the first government?
7 Theories of the Origin of Government Evoluationary TheoryForce TheoryDivine Right TheorySocial Contract Theory
8 I. Origin (Creation) of Government 1. Evolution TheoryStarted with familiesThe heads of these families became the government.Families grew=gov grewprovide order and protection.8
9 Origin of Government 2. Force Theory An individual or group claim control over a territory and forced the population to follow their laws.
10 Historical Examples Mongol Empire Genghis Khan conquered other nomadic tribes until he controlled all of Asia
11 Theories of Government 3. Divine Right TheoryGod created the state, making it sovereign.The government is appointed by godThe population must obey their ruler.11
12 Historical Examples Persuasion/Rewards Mandate of Heaven (China, 1100’s BCE) the Chinese ruler was the “son of heaven” and had authority so long as he ruled in morally.Divine Right of Kings (Europe, 1500’s) monarchs represented God on Earth and did not have to answer the people because they answered to God.
13 Origins of Government 4. Social Contract Theory (Hobbes) People agree to give up some of their rightsThe government agrees to provide order and security
14 Historical ExamplesThe United States of AmericaThe Constitution limits some of our rights and grants authority to the elected leadersThe leaders protect our remaining rights
15 What are the most important roles of Government?
16 BrainstormingTry and think of 3-4 broad categories that government should be responsible for. From there, think of more detailed responsibilities that fit within each category.Category 3Category 1GovernmentCategory 2Category 4
17 What Should Governments Do? A. Maintain orderB. Provide national securityC. Provide public servicesD. Make economic decisionsE. Secure our rights
18 John Locke Social Contract People have natural rights Life, liberty, propertyPeople have the right to rebel if gov does not protect natural rightsGov should have branches to balance power
19 Notebook Item 5 Survival for all Rights protected by government OrderLimits Individual FreedomUnlimited FreedomNo rightsRights protected by governmentSurvival of the FittestRight to rebel against the governmentChaoticLawsCommon GoalsState of Nature vs. Social Contract