Presentation on theme: "Basic Introduction to key terms"— Presentation transcript:
1 Basic Introduction to key terms What is Government?Basic Introduction to key terms
2 Warm Up PromptEnglish philosopher, Thomas Hobbes, stated the quote below in regards to the necessity of government: “Without government there would be continuous fear and dangers of violent death and life (would be) solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.” **Write a short explanation of what Hobbes meant by this quote. What is your explanation of it? Do you agree with it? Give examples to support your ideas. Answers must be between 5-6 sentences.
3 Color-Coded Lectures Any red text = vocab from your vocab handout Any purple text = things you SHOULD write downAny green text = questions to answer during class
4 Boring, but necessary definitions… GovernmentInstitution that society makes and enforces public policies.Public PoliciesAnything the government decides to doLegislative Power make law and frame policiesExecutive Power execute and enforce lawJudicial Power interpret laws, settle disputes
5 Continued… Constitution Democracy Body of laws setting out principles, structure, and process of government.DemocracyWhen RESPONDSIBILITY for these powers rests with the majority of the people.
6 Leave space under each to define on next slides The StateBody of people living in defined territoryCan make and enforce law without consent from higher authority4 Characteristics of a state:PopulationTerritorySovereigntyGovernmentLeave space under each to define on next slides
7 Population People that make up the state. Size of populations has nothing to do with existence of state.Smallest= Nauru little over 9,000Largest= China over 1.3 billion
8 Territory Land with known and recognized boundaries Vary in size just as population does.
9 SovereigntyHaving supreme and absolute control within its own territory.Can decide own foreign and domestic policies.Would the states within the United States fall under this category? Why or Why not?
10 Major Political Ideas Chart The Force TheoryEvolutionary TheoryDivine Right TheorySocial Contract TheoryState was born of force.One person/small group claimed control and forced people to submitOnce rule established all basic principles present.Developed naturally out of the early family.One person from original family head as head of gov evolve into related clans evolve into tribe evolve into the stateGod created the state and gave those of “royal birth” the “divine right” to rule.Obey ruler as though the ruler was God, mortal sin to oppose.People within a given area agree to form a state.Agree on a contract in which they give up power to the state in order to promote safety.Voluntarily give up powers to the state.
11 Purpose of Government: Preamble Form a More Perfect UnionEstablish JusticeInsure Domestic TranquilityProvide for the Common DefenseLink the states more closely together to prevent rivalriesLaw must be reasonable, fair, and impartialKeeping order and peace at home to prevent anarchy.Defending the nation against foreign enemiesPromote the General WelfareSecure the Blessings of LibertyServices that benefit all or most people within USLiberty cannot be absolute-relative in order to protect freedom.
12 Forms of Government Democracy Dictatorship Autocracy Oligarchy Here are the 9 forms of Government.In groups of 3, you will create a poster on each form to present to the class.Use your text books to find:DefinitionWho has the power?ExamplesPictures (if time)DemocracyDictatorshipAutocracyOligarchyUnitary Gov.Federal Gov.Confederate Gov.Presidential Gov.Parliamentary Gov.
13 Exit SlipOn the same page as your warm up, answer the following prompt:3 THINGS I LEARNED TODAY:________________________1 THING I AM STILL CONFUSED ABOUT: