Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5 Section 3 A Call to Arms. The Continental Congress September 1774 Delegates from 12 Colonies -Which colony is missing? -Famous members: Sam."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 5 Section 3 A Call to Arms
The Continental Congress September 1774 Delegates from 12 Colonies -Which colony is missing? -Famous members: Sam & John Adams, Patrick Henry, George Washington
The Adams (Sam and John) What did Sam Adams do that was so important? Can anyone guess what John Adams did that would be surprising? (Hint: it involves the Boston Massacre) Why do you think he might have done that? <- Sam John ->
Patrick Henry “The distinctions between Virginians, Pennsylvanians, New Yorkers, and New Englanders, are no more. I am not a Virginian, but an American.” What does this quote mean? In what ways was it significant then? To what extent is it significant today?
George Washington What has Washington done by this point? (We’ve discussed him once already) What does his being here foreshadow?
The Continental Congress Decisions of the Congress: -Repeal the 13 Acts of Parliament (Believed they violated the laws of nature, the principles of the English constitution, and the several charters of the colonies) -Boycotted British Trade -Suffolk Resolves: Called upon people to form militias
And so it begins… Minutemen – Who are they? Why? By April 1775 there were already several thousand British soldiers around Boston -Ordered to take away colonists’ weapons -Learn of stores of weapons and ammo at Concord -British troops gather April 18, 1775 to seize supplies
And so it begins… Joseph Warren Paul Revere William Dawes April 18, 1775: Joseph Warren notices British troop movements, goes to warn Paul Revere and William Dawes The Famous “Midnight Ride” – The regulars are coming! Samuel Adams: “What a glorious morning this is!”
The Shot Heard Round the World The warnings allowed minutemen to gather at Lexington where they encountered the British A shot was fired! Who done it? -Regardless, 8 minutemen were killed British march on to Concord, but find most of the supplies had been moved On their way home the British were constantly harassed by colonial troops who hid and fired potshots By the time the British returned to Boston there were 174 wounded and 73 dead
Boston to Concord
The Shot Heard Round The World! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y6ikO6L MxF4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y6ikO6L MxF4
Early Battles Benedict Arnold raised a force to capture Fort Ticonderoga on Lake Champlain Joined by Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys Surprised the fort and captured it on May 10, 1775 Benedict Arnold
Bunker Hill 20,000 Colonial Soldiers gather outside Boston June 16, 1775: 1200 militamen under Colonel William Prescott set up fortifications at Bunker and Breed’s Hill across from Boston June 17, 1775: British soldiers charge Breed’s Hill to retake the area Prescott orders his troops not to fire until they see the whites of their eyes British are forced to retreat several times before the Americans run out of ammunition British casualties over 1000 while American casualties were about 450 What is a casualty? Who won the battle?
Henry Clinton “A few more such victories would have shortly put an end to British dominion in America.” What does this quote mean? What does this quote show about the British and the Americans?
The First Civil War? American colonists were faced with a hard choice: Join the revolution or stay loyal to England Why would some remain faithful to Britain and become known as Loyalists? Why would some rebel against Britain and become known as Patriots? How is this the “First Civil War”?
The First Civil War? LoyalistsPatriots Did not see unfair taxes as good reason to rebel Lived in isolation and were not part of “waves of discontment” Thought British would easily win war and wanted to stay on winning side Believed British rule was unfair and unjust Wanted right to self govern Determined to overthrow the British no matter the cost