2The Continental Congress September 1774Delegates from 12 ColoniesWhich colony is missing?Famous members:Sam & John Adams, Patrick Henry, George Washington
3The Adams (Sam and John) What did Sam Adams do that was so important?Can anyone guess what John Adams did that would be surprising? (Hint: it involves the Boston Massacre)Why do you think he might have done that?
4Patrick Henry What does this quote mean? “The distinctions between Virginians, Pennsylvanians, New Yorkers, and New Englanders, are no more. I am not a Virginian, but an American.”What does this quote mean?In what ways was it significant then?To what extent is it significant today?
5George WashingtonWhat has Washington done by this point? (We’ve discussed him once already)What does his being here foreshadow?
6The Continental Congress Decisions of the Congress:Repeal the 13 Acts of Parliament (Believed they violated the laws of nature, the principles of the English constitution, and the several charters of the colonies)Boycotted British TradeSuffolk Resolves: Called upon people to form militias
7And so it begins… Minutemen – Who are they? Why? By April 1775 there were already several thousand British soldiers around BostonOrdered to take away colonists’ weaponsLearn of stores of weapons and ammo at ConcordBritish troops gather April 18, 1775 to seize supplies
8And so it begins…Paul RevereJoseph WarrenWilliam DawesApril 18, 1775: Joseph Warren notices British troop movements, goes to warn Paul Revere and William DawesThe Famous “Midnight Ride” – The regulars are coming!Samuel Adams: “What a glorious morning this is!”
9The Shot Heard Round the World The warnings allowed minutemen to gather at Lexington where they encountered the BritishA shot was fired! Who done it?Regardless, 8 minutemen were killedBritish march on to Concord, but find most of the supplies had been movedOn their way home the British were constantly harassed by colonial troops who hid and fired potshotsBy the time the British returned to Boston there were 174 wounded and 73 dead
11The Shot Heard Round The World! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y6ikO6LMxF4
12Early BattlesBenedict Arnold raised a force to capture Fort Ticonderoga on Lake ChamplainJoined by Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain BoysSurprised the fort and captured it on May 10, 1775Benedict Arnold
13Bunker Hill 20,000 Colonial Soldiers gather outside Boston June 16, 1775: 1200 militamen under Colonel William Prescott set up fortifications at Bunker and Breed’s Hill across from BostonJune 17, 1775: British soldiers charge Breed’s Hill to retake the areaPrescott orders his troops not to fire until they see the whites of their eyesBritish are forced to retreat several times before the Americans run out of ammunitionBritish casualties over while American casualties were about 450What is a casualty?Who won the battle?
15Henry Clinton What does this quote mean? “A few more such victories would have shortly put an end to British dominion in America.”What does this quote mean?What does this quote show about the British and the Americans?
16The First Civil War?American colonists were faced with a hard choice: Join the revolution or stay loyal to EnglandWhy would some remain faithful to Britain and become known as Loyalists?Why would some rebel against Britain and become known as Patriots?How is this the “First Civil War”?
17The First Civil War? Loyalists Patriots Did not see unfair taxes as good reason to rebelLived in isolation and were not part of “waves of discontment”Thought British would easily win war and wanted to stay on winning sideBelieved British rule was unfair and unjustWanted right to self governDetermined to overthrow the British no matter the cost