The Continental Congress First Continental Congress – September 1774 55 men meet in Philadelphia All colonies sent delegates except Georgia John Adams, John Jay, Richard Henry Lee, Patrick Henry, and George Washington Decisions: boycott of British goods, statement of grievances for the 13 Parliamentary acts, endorse the Suffolk Resolves On the basis of nature, English citizenship, and colonist charters Militia – group of citizen soldiers (in Suffolk, Mass.) King George III – “blows will decide”
Taking Arms… Minutemen – soldiers ready to fight in 60 seconds or less Concord – a town northwest of Boston with colonist arms General Sir Thomas Gage sent Francis Smith and 700 soldiers to march on the ammunition depot Dr. Joseph Warren saw and alerted the Sons of Liberty Paul Revere and William Dawes – Dawes and Revere ride to Lexington (Samuel Adams and John Hancock) “The regulars are out!” Colonist leader – Captain John Parker British victory in Lexington with 8 minutemen dead “Shot heard ‘round the world” – “The Concord Hymn” Ralph Waldo Emerson British march to Concord (colonists remove arms before) Colonists set a trap at the bridge 174 British wounded; 73 British dead Duck hunting rifles with better accuracy for the colonists
DFS 5-3 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answer.
A Famous Traitor and More Fights Fort Ticonderoga – strategic fort colonists attacked Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen surprise and conquer the fort Allen leads the Green Mountain Boys Arnold later conspires to surrender West Point to British He will lead British raids on Virginia and Conn (became a British General) After Lexington, Boston’s militia rises to 20,000 strong Battle of Bunker Hill – Colonists led by Colonel William Prescott Colonists use the hill to protect themselves with low ammo British charge multiple times and suffer heavy losses British win the battle eventually
Whose Side are You Standing On? Loyalists – those who are loyal to the crowned king of England Those who thought taxes and regulations were not reasons for war Those who were officeholders who would lose jobs Those who lived in isolation Those who expected Britain to win the war Patriots – those who fight for the independence of American colonies
__ 1.companies of civilian soldiers who boasted that they were ready to fight on a minute’s notice __ 2.American colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was won __ 3.a group of civilians trained to fight in emergencies __ 4.American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence Section 3-14 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answers. Checking for Understanding A.militia B.minutemen C.Loyalists D.Patriots Define Match the terms on the right with their definitions on the left. B D A C