Presentation on theme: "A Call to Arms 1774-1775. First Continental Congress Meets in Carpenter’s Hall, September 5, 1774. All colonies except Georgia send delegates."— Presentation transcript:
A Call to Arms 1774-1775
First Continental Congress Meets in Carpenter’s Hall, September 5, 1774. All colonies except Georgia send delegates.
Important Delegates Sam AdamsJohn Adams
Important Delegates Patrick HenryRichard Henry Lee
Important Delegates John JayGeorge Washington
Results of the Congress Pledge mutual support of each other. Called for repeal of the 13 Acts passed by Parliament from 1763-1774. Boycott British goods. Not to sell goods to West Indies. Adopted Suffolk Resolves. Militias are formed. Agreed to meet in May, 1775.
Patrick Henry March 25, 1775 proclaims, “Give me liberty or give me death!”
Colonists Prepare to Fight Throughout the colonies militias are form. Arms and ammunition are stored.
General Thomas Gage April 18, 1775 orders troops to march to Concord, MA, and capture arms, supplies, and rebel leaders.
Rebel Leaders John HancockSamuel Adams
Warning Riders Paul Revere & William Dawes Paul RevereRevere’s Ride Map
Minutemen Militia who were ready to fight at a moments notice.
Lexington 77 minutemen led by Colonel John Parker confront the British. A shot is fired, then many. 8 colonists killed. “Shot heard ‘round the world.”
Concord British march on to Concord. Met by patriots at Concord River Bridge. Shots exchanged, 8 British soldiers killed.
British March to Boston Was a 19 mile running gun battle. 73 British killed. 174 wounded. 26 missing.
War! The clashes at Lexington and Concord were the beginning of what would become an 8 year war, starting near Boston, and ending off the coast of India.
Fort Ticonderoga Strategically located at southern end of Lake Champlain, it guarded access to the Hudson River. It also contained scores of cannon and other military supplies.
Attack on Ticonderoga Ethan AllenBenedict Arnold
Capture of Ticonderoga Unaware of Lexington and Concord, British had one sentry who had fallen asleep. Fort was capture without firing a shot.
British Reaction Thousands of troops and four generals will be sent to America. Sir Henry ClintonJohn Burgoyne
Charles CornwallisSir William Howe
Battle of Bunker Hill Night of June 16, 1775, Col. William Prescott had his men move from a fort on Bunker Hill to Breed’s Hill, closer to the British.
British Attack On June 17, 2,200 British troops attack the American positions. Twice the British are repelled. During the third assault, Americans run out of ammunition and are forced to retreat.
Results of the Battle British learn they cannot fight a war this way. Americans learn Britain is not going to give up America easily
Choosing Sides Loyalists or Tories Colonists who wanted to remain loyal to the King. One third of the population. Patriots or Whigs Colonists who wanted independence from Great Britain. One third of the population.