Presentation on theme: "Causes of the Revolt The Texas Revolution The Aftermath"— Presentation transcript:
1Causes of the Revolt The Texas Revolution The Aftermath
2Americans “wanted” to expand to the West Westward MovementAmericans “wanted” to expand to the WestAmericans, especially in the Southern region, “wanted” to expand slavery
3A History of TexasAmericans are invited to settle the region of Tejas by the Mexican government in under the empresario system they are required to become Mexican citizensBy 1830 Americans outnumber native MexicansDisagreements will arise over slavery, religion and language
4Causes of the Texas Revolution Negligence- Mexico allowed Anglos to run their own affairs in governmentRacism- Both sides feel that they are better than one anotherCultural Differences- Mexicans are Christians and speak Spanish; Anglos refuse to learn Mexican culture
5Causes of the Texas Revolution Slavery- Mexico had outlawed slavery in but Anglos continue to bring themGovernment- Anglos believe in state’s right, Mexico believes in a strong central government
6Santa AnnaMexican president who seeks to put down Texas Revolution and gain power over MexicoHe orders the siege of the AlamoThe purpose of executing survivors was to end rebellion
7The Mexican ResponseThe Mexican Government passes the Law of April 6, 1830 to stop Anglos from immigrating to Texas
8New Laws in Texas1st LAWNo more Americans were allowed to come to Texas. No immigration
92nd LawAll Texans had to become Mexican citizens, or they weren’t allowed there.
10All Texans had to become Catholic because that was Mexico’s religion. 3rd LawAll Texans had to become Catholic because that was Mexico’s religion.
11All Texans would have to pay taxes to the Mexican government. 4th LawAll Texans would have to pay taxes to the Mexican government.
12Texas makes moneyBy 1830, Texas was making more money than any other part of Mexico.
13Texans being taxedTexans were being taxed with out representation in the Mexican government.
14Texas wants to be a state Texans demanded to become a state of Mexico, so they could be a part of the Mexican government and help make laws
15The Final StrawStephen F. Austin rode down into Mexico in order to try to talk to them about what was going on in Texas.The Mexican Officials decide to arrest Austin, “the father of Texas”, and lock him up for 2 years.
16Texas revolution The Texas Revolution started in October of 1835 Anglos believe that they are rebelling against an oppressive government again
17Texas Independence Texans declare independence on March 2, 1836 Republic of TexasSam Houston named head of the Texas ArmyStephen Austin went to the U.S. to seek money and troops.
18William B. TravisSouth Carolinian who flees to Texas after abandoning his familyPractices law and becomes a leading voice in the rebellion against MexicoBecomes the commander at the Alamo and is killed at its siege on March 6, 1836Most of the defenders at the Alamo are not from Texas most are from the South
19The Alamo, MarchSiege of Texian forces led by William Travis and Jim Bowie, Feb 23-March 6, 1836Close to 187 Texians and Tejanos fight a Mexican army of 2,000 men at the Alamo missionAll Texians are killed and the Alamo becomes a symbol of heroism and rallies Texians to fight
21Battle of Goliad James Fannin is in command of the troops He was told to retreat but waited too longAll his troops were surrounded in a field by the Mexicans.They surrendered but were still executed.
22Sam Houston Virginian who makes Texas his home Commander of Texan army who overtakes Santa Anna’s army at San Jacinto, gives Texas independence from Mexico
23San Jacinto, April 21, 1836April 21, 1836 forces led by Houston defeat tried Mexican forces under Santa AnnaFighting lasted 20 minutes but slaughter continues until evening over 630 Mexicans killedMassacre is revenge driven for the Alamo and Goliad
25Treaty of Velasco, May 14, 1836Treaty gives Texas it’s independence also boundary between Mexico and Texas establishedTexas argues that Rio Grande is boundary but Mexico argues that it is the Nueces RiverThis will come back and haunt both countries
26Texas Becomes A Republic Republic:a form of government in which people elect representatives to govern them
27Independent Nation Sam Houston elected President Stephen Austin becomes Secretary of StateTexas offers new settlers land grants; many come from southern states & bring enslaved Africans with them.
28Republic of TexasProblems: Mexico refuses to accept the treaty Santa Ana Signed & Texas was nearly bankruptMost Texans hope the U.S. will annex, or take control of, Texas and make it a statePresident Jackson recognized Texas as an independent nation.Jackson didn’t want to admit Texas and upset the balance between free & slave states.Republic of Texas Currency
29Questions How did Texas become an independent nation? Why was the fall of the Alamo both a defeat & a victory for Texas?What challenges, or problems, did Texas face after winning independence?