Presentation on theme: "Causes of the Revolt The Texas Revolution The Aftermath THE TEXAS REVOLUTION."— Presentation transcript:
Causes of the Revolt The Texas Revolution The Aftermath THE TEXAS REVOLUTION
WESTWARD MOVEMENT Americans “wanted” to expand to the West Americans, especially in the Southern region, “wanted” to expand slavery
A HISTORY OF TEXAS Americans are invited to settle the region of Tejas by the Mexican government in 1821 under the empresario system they are required to become Mexican citizens By 1830 Americans outnumber native Mexicans Disagreements will arise over slavery, religion and language
CAUSES OF THE TEXAS REVOLUTION Negligence - Mexico allowed Anglos to run their own affairs in government Racism - Both sides feel that they are better than one another Cultural Differences - Mexicans are Christians and speak Spanish; Anglos refuse to learn Mexican culture
CAUSES OF THE TEXAS REVOLUTION Slavery - Mexico had outlawed slavery in 1830 but Anglos continue to bring them Government - Anglos believe in state’s right, Mexico believes in a strong central government
SANTA ANNA Mexican president who seeks to put down Texas Revolution and gain power over Mexico He orders the siege of the Alamo The purpose of executing survivors was to end rebellion
THE MEXICAN RESPONSE The Mexican Government passes the Law of April 6, 1830 to stop Anglos from immigrating to Texas
NEW LAWS IN TEXAS No more Americans were allowed to come to Texas. No immigration 1 st LAW
2 ND LAW All Texans had to become Mexican citizens, or they weren’t allowed there.
3 RD LAW All Texans had to become Catholic because that was Mexico’s religion.
4 TH LAW All Texans would have to pay taxes to the Mexican government.
TEXAS MAKES MONEY By 1830, Texas was making more money than any other part of Mexico.
TEXANS BEING TAXED Texans were being taxed with out representation in the Mexican government.
TEXAS WANTS TO BE A STATE Texans demanded to become a state of Mexico, so they could be a part of the Mexican government and help make laws
THE FINAL STRAW Stephen F. Austin rode down into Mexico in order to try to talk to them about what was going on in Texas. The Mexican Officials decide to arrest Austin, “the father of Texas”, and lock him up for 2 years.
TEXAS REVOLUTION The Texas Revolution started in October of 1835 Anglos believe that they are rebelling against an oppressive government again
TEXAS INDEPENDENCE Texans declare independence on March 2, 1836 Republic of Texas Sam Houston named head of the Texas Army Stephen Austin went to the U.S. to seek money and troops.
WILLIAM B. TRAVIS South Carolinian who flees to Texas after abandoning his family Practices law and becomes a leading voice in the rebellion against Mexico Becomes the commander at the Alamo and is killed at its siege on March 6, 1836 Most of the defenders at the Alamo are not from Texas most are from the South
THE ALAMO, MARCH Siege of Texian forces led by William Travis and Jim Bowie, Feb 23-March 6, 1836 Close to 187 Texians and Tejanos fight a Mexican army of 2,000 men at the Alamo mission All Texians are killed and the Alamo becomes a symbol of heroism and rallies Texians to fight
BATTLE OF GOLIAD James Fannin is in command of the troops He was told to retreat but waited too long All his troops were surrounded in a field by the Mexicans. They surrendered but were still executed.
SAM HOUSTON Virginian who makes Texas his home Commander of Texan army who overtakes Santa Anna’s army at San Jacinto, gives Texas independence from Mexico
SAN JACINTO, APRIL 21, 1836 April 21, 1836 forces led by Houston defeat tried Mexican forces under Santa Anna Fighting lasted 20 minutes but slaughter continues until evening over 630 Mexicans killed Massacre is revenge driven for the Alamo and Goliad
TREATY OF VELASCO, MAY 14, 1836 Treaty gives Texas it’s independence also boundary between Mexico and Texas established Texas argues that Rio Grande is boundary but Mexico argues that it is the Nueces River This will come back and haunt both countries
TEXAS BECOMES A REPUBLIC Republic:a form of government in which people elect representatives to govern them
INDEPENDENT NATION Sam Houston elected President Stephen Austin becomes Secretary of State Texas offers new settlers land grants; many come from southern states & bring enslaved Africans with them.
REPUBLIC OF TEXAS Problems: Mexico refuses to accept the treaty Santa Ana Signed & Texas was nearly bankrupt Most Texans hope the U.S. will annex, or take control of, Texas and make it a state President Jackson recognized Texas as an independent nation. Jackson didn’t want to admit Texas and upset the balance between free & slave states. Republic of Texas Currency
QUESTIONS How did Texas become an independent nation? Why was the fall of the Alamo both a defeat & a victory for Texas? What challenges, or problems, did Texas face after winning independence?