Presentation on theme: "Mexican History A really brief summary. There are 3 major time periods in Mexico’s History Pre Colonial Colonial Post Colonial These time periods can."— Presentation transcript:
Mexican History A really brief summary
There are 3 major time periods in Mexico’s History Pre Colonial Colonial Post Colonial These time periods can be remembered using the Plaza de Tres Culturas (Plaza of three cultures) located in Mexico City
Pre Colonial There were hundreds of native groups existing in Mexico prior to the Colonial period. 3 major pre-colonial time periods Pre-Classic 2000 b.c. to 300 b.c. Classic 300 b.c. to 900 a.d. Post-Classic Period 900 a.d a.d.
Pre-Classic 2000 b.c. to 300 b.c.
OLMECS The Olmecs are known as the “Mother” Civilization of Mexico. Their Origin is unknown. Some scholars trace the Olmecs either to Africa or to China.
Classic Period 300 b.c. to 900 a.d.
MAYAS The Mayas flourished from 600 to 900 A.D. They were known for their advanced culture which included: Written Language, astronomy, mathematics, a calendar, and other scientific advancements By 900 AD Mayan society had faded due to invasion and disease.
Teotihuacán 100 a.d. to 900 a.d. 30 miles N.E. of Mexico City Large cultural center Built the huge Pyramids of the Sun and the Moon
Zapotecs 600 b.c. to 800 a.d. Monte Alban in Southern Mexico Flourished during the Classic Period
Post-Classic Period 900 a.d. to 1520 a.d.
Mixtecs 600 a.d. to 1500 a.d. Important influence in South Central Mexico
Toltecs 900 a.d. to 1187 a.d. Powerful group at Tula.
Aztecs The Aztecs were a warlike people who came to power from approximately AD in Mexico. They conquered tribes and demanded tribute from them. Their major accomplishment was the establishment of Tenochtitlan(Mexico City )
COLONIAL PERIOD The Colonial Period began with the arrival of Hernando Cortez in With a small force of less than 500 men, he conquered the Aztec Empire. He was helped by: Disease Aztec Enemies/siege warfare/weapons The Legend of Quetzacoatl
Colonial Period The Spanish had three major influences in Mexico Religion Architecture Language
Social Hierachy Peninsulares—European born inhabitants Creoles-European blood— born in the New World Mestizos—Mixed European/Native Blood Indians
Post Colonial Independence from Spain Why? Mestizos/Indians had few rights, Creoles had disagreements with Spanish born- There was little change in power over time. 2. Something for nothing does not work.
Father Miguel Hidalgo On Sept 16, 1810 called on the Mexicans to revolt against Spain.
Father Jose Morelos Took Hidalgo’s place in leading the revolt. Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821.
Mexico’s Instability Spain took with them finances/education. The challenge was to establish trade links/loans from other countries. U.S. Mexican War —Dispute over Texas, the United States gains much of the Southwest part of the United States.
French Intervention Napoleon III’s forces invade Mexico and put Napoleon III’s nephew Maximilian in as ruler.
Benito Juarez Following the removal of the French, Benito Juarez is elected president. Juarez was a full-blooded Indian.
Porfiriato Period Porfirio Diaz becomes President of Mexico in 1876 an reigns as a virtual dictator until He provided economic stability, industrialization, and improved infrastructure.
The Mexican Revolution Revolt against Diaz Lower classes wanted land/civil rights Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa led peasants in revolt.
In 1936 Lazaro Cardenas became president and strengthened land reform. Ejidos—Land given to peasants by the government for farming/living purposes.
Other Key Events of the 20 th Century 1968 Massacre near the Plaza of three cultures. Late 1970’s oil boom in Mexico 1985 Earthquake—Showed PRI Party to be inadequate 1988 Presidential Election— Massive accusations of Fraud
Other Key Events of the 20 th Century 1994 Chiapas Uprising—Anti NAFTA revolt. Desire for more land reform among the poor Presidential Election—Vicente Fox of the PAN party ends over 70 years of PRI rule.
Today the United States’ relationship with Mexico is somewhat complex. Immigration has and will continue to play a key role in the economic and political relationship between the two countries.