4Political Change – 20th Century 1911 Revolution Three People’s Principles:NationalismDemocracyEqual distribution of wealth (socialism)Sun Yat-sen and KMT
5Political Change – 20th Century 1949 Revolution Chiang Kai-shek (KMT)Mao Zedong (CCP)Themes:NationalismEstablish new political systemSocioeconomic development
6Basic Tenets of Maoism 1. Collectivism 2. Struggle and Activism 3. Mass-line4. Guardianship5. Self-Reliance6. EgalitarianismHow does Maoism differ from Confucianism?Similarities?
7People’s Republic of China: Periods of Political and Economic History :USSR-PRC Alliance: Mao’s unique “brand” of communism1978 – Present: Market socialism
8Mao’s Mass Mobilization Campaigns Great Leap Forward ( )Cultural Revolution ( )
9Deng Xiaoping – Four Modernizations (1978-1997) IndustryAgricultureScienceMilitaryGoal: Create “socialist market economy” – gradual infusion of capitalism into China
10Jiang Zemin – Three Represents (2000 – 2003) The CCP should always represent:“Development needs of China’s advanced productive forces”“Onward direction toward advanced culture”“Fundamental interest of majority of Chinese people”
11Hu Jintao – Scientific Development Concept (2004-2013) What policies did he pursue during his tenure? Read article.