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China: 20 th Century Political Change Questions: 1.What type of change occurred? 2.Why the need for change?

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Presentation on theme: "China: 20 th Century Political Change Questions: 1.What type of change occurred? 2.Why the need for change?"— Presentation transcript:

1 China: 20 th Century Political Change Questions: 1.What type of change occurred? 2.Why the need for change?

2 Basic Tenets of Confucianism Leaders adhere to high moral standards “Mandate of Heaven” Hierarchical structure in society Leaders well-versed in Confucius principles

3 Why did the dynastic system collapse?

4 Political Change – 20 th Century 1911 Revolution Three People’s Principles: 1.Nationalism 2.Democracy 3.Equal distribution of wealth (socialism) Sun Yat-sen and KMT

5 Political Change – 20 th Century 1949 Revolution Chiang Kai-shek (KMT) Mao Zedong (CCP) Themes: 1.Nationalism 2.Establish new political system 3.Socioeconomic development

6 Basic Tenets of Maoism 1. Collectivism 2. Struggle and Activism 3. Mass-line 4. Guardianship 5. Self-Reliance 6. Egalitarianism How does Maoism differ from Confucianism? Similarities?

7 People’s Republic of China: Periods of Political and Economic History : USSR-PRC Alliance : Mao’s unique “brand” of communism 1978 – Present: Market socialism

8 Mao’s Mass Mobilization Campaigns Great Leap Forward ( ) Cultural Revolution ( )

9 Deng Xiaoping – Four Modernizations ( ) 1.Industry 2.Agriculture 3.Science 4.Military Goal: Create “socialist market economy” – gradual infusion of capitalism into China

10 Jiang Zemin – Three Represents (2000 – 2003) The CCP should always represent: 1.“Development needs of China’s advanced productive forces” 2.“Onward direction toward advanced culture” 3.“Fundamental interest of majority of Chinese people”

11 Hu Jintao – Scientific Development Concept ( ) What policies did he pursue during his tenure? Read article.


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