2“I was born for a storm and calm does not suit me.” Andrew Jackson Born without a father (he died right before Andrew was born) – Jackson’s mother was a servant for her relatives in exchange for a place to live for her and her three sons.His parents immigrated from Ireland.First president to be born in a log cabin (in South Carolina).
4Revolutionary WarWhen Jackson was 12 his oldest brother, Hugh, was killed in battleAt 14, he and his other brother, Robert, were taken prisoner by the BritishAfter refusing to clean the officer’s boots, the officer slashed him with his sword, giving Jackson a scar on his face and fingers.The officer struck Robert over the head when he also refused to clean his boots
5Revolutionary War cont. Being treated horribly in the prison camp, Robert became very sick.Their mother was able to get them released, but Robert died shortly afterward, and she died just a few months later caring for her cousin’s children.Jackson harbored a hatred for the British the rest of his life!
7Jackson the Professional Although he had limited formal schooling, he devoted himself to legal studies and became a lawyer at age 20.He served as a public prosecutor in North CarolinaHe served as Tennessee’s first Representative in CongressHe also served in the SenateHe served as a Justice of the Tennessee Superior CourtAnd he was Major General of the Tennessee Militia
8Jackson the ProtectorJackson was married to Rachel Donelson, who was originally married to Capt. Lewis Robards – he was a cruel, jealous man.Jackson & Rachel fell in love and married, believing that Robards had divorced Rachel.They lived together for about 2 years until they found out that Robards had not officially divorced Rachel. They re-married but Jackson’s political opponents accused him of stealing another man’s wife and called her an adulterous.
10Jackson the Protector cont. Protecting Rachel’s reputation was extremely important to him, and if any one dare say anything against Rachel, Jackson was ready to duel and defend her honor.Jackson was involved in 13 duelsJackson vs. Charles Dickinson – Jackson took a bullet in the chest, but killed Dickinson! The bullet stayed in his chest the rest of his life!!Jackson took a bullet in the arm while defending a friend in an argument.He was wounded so many times in his duels that it was said he “rattled like a bag of marbles” and some called him “Old Piggy Bank.”
12Jackson the GeneralJackson defeated the Creek Indians after they had perpetrated the largest massacre of American settlers at Fort Mims, Missouri Territory.Jackson defeated the British at the Battle of New Orleans during the War of 1812 – became a national hero.Jackson was instrumental in obtaining Florida from Spain after he defeated the Seminole Indians and overthrew the Spanish governor.Jackson was known as “Old Hickory” for his determination and strength because he was as “tough as hickory”
14Jackson the Politician Jackson ran for President in 1824 against John Quincy Adams and Henry ClayJackson won the popular votes and 99 electoral votes, but there was no majority so the House of Representatives chose the president – AGAIN!With Clay’s lobbying, Adams won the Presidency.When Adams appointed Clay as Secretary of State, Jackson claimed it was a “corrupt bargain.”
15Jackson the President1828 Election – Jackson and John Quincy Adams face off againJackson was seen as the “Man of the People” – born poor and rose to success by his own hard workVicious mudslinging – Jackson was portrayed as an ignorant barbarian who was “covered with the blood of helpless Indians, and countless victims of dueling pistols.”
17Jackson the President cont. Jackson was again accused of stealing another man’s wife and Rachel was portrayed as an adulterous and a bigamist.Jackson won the election with 178 electoral votes to Adams’ 83 votes.However!! The cruel things that the politicians said about Rachel was more than she could bear and she died of a broken heart shortly before Jackson took office.
18Andrew Jackson – Life Facts The first president to ride on a railroad trainThe first president to be nominated by a political party – Democrats *That’s where we get the Donkey symbol!He survived the first attempt to assassinate a presidentKnown historically for creating a strong executive branchJacksonian Democracy