Presentation on theme: "Classical China Storyboard. Introductory Activity 4 Corners Activity with Chinese Values Follow up with: Storyboard Activity or Chinese Teahouse Activity."— Presentation transcript:
Classical China Storyboard
Introductory Activity 4 Corners Activity with Chinese Values Follow up with: Storyboard Activity or Chinese Teahouse Activity
4 Corners Some people deserve respect because of their job.
4 Corners People of a certain age and experience in life deserve respect.
4 Corners Respect must be earned.
4 Corners Respect is an important value in our society.
Each group will discuss the assigned topic below. You have 10 minutes to conduct a “crash” research. 1.Qin Dynasty & Legalism 2.Han Dynasty Government & Expansion 3.Silk Road & Trade 4.Chinese Religions & Philosophies 5.Chinese Social Structures/ Hierarchy 6.Han Achievements & Inventions 7.Decline & Fall of the Han Dynasty
Qin Shi Huangdi use of Legalism Building of the Great Wall of China with Corvee Labor Terra Cotta Warriors #1b-Qin Dynasty & Legalism
Bureaucracy of the Han Dynasty & Scholar-Bureaucrats Government Structure Civil Service Examinations #2b-Han Dynasty Government
Journey into Central Asia Silk Road Coins #3a-Han Dynasty: Silk Road
#3b-Han Dynasty: The Silk Road
Chinese World View Ancestor Veneration #4a-Chinese Philosophies & Religion
Buddhism #4b-Chinese Philosophies & Religion Spread of Buddhism
#4c-Chinese Philosophies & Religion Confucianism The Analects
#5-Chinese Social Structures/ Hierarchy Scholar-Gentry (Scholar bureaucrats)
Invention of Paper Compass #6a-Han Achievements & Inventions
Seismograph Bronze Artistic Work #6b-Han Achievements & Inventions
Expansive Empire Taxation & Government Spending Threats of Invasion by the Xiongnu (Asiatic Huns) #7-Decline & Fall of Han Dynasty
“Zigong asked about government. The Master said, “Sufficient food, sufficient military force, the confidence of the people.” Zigong said, “If one had, unavoidably, to dispense with one of these, which of them should go first?” The Master said, “Get rid of the military.” Zigong said, “If one had, unavoidably to dispense with one of the remaining two, which should go first?” The Master said, “Dispense with food: Since ancient times there has always been death, but without confidence a people cannot stand.” - Analects 12.7
Primary Source Questions: Why would the ideas of Confucius have more appeal after followers realized that a tyrannical government that punished citizens harshly could be brought down by peasant rebellions? Why did Confucius think that culture trumped politics and the military in government? Why did Confucius believe that a cruel tyrant could not remain in power for very long?
“If one desires to take the empire and act on it, I say that he will not succeed. The empire is a sacred vessel, that cannot be acted upon. In being acted upon, it is harmed; And in being grasped, it is lost. For among living things some move ahead and others follow, Some breathe easily and others hard, Some are strong and others are weak, Some rise up and others are brought low. Thus, the sage rejects the excessive, the extravagant, the extreme. - The Book of the Way and Its Power, Vol.1 p.86.
Primary Source Questions: According to Master Lao (Laozi) what should long-term rule be based on? Why would the Legalists find Daoism more appealing than Confucianism as a practical political philosophy?