Buddhists reject this central belief or social structure of Hinduism.
What is the caste system?
This is the name of the Leader of the Mauryan Empire that converted to Buddhism in 250 BC.
Who is Ashoka?
This idea is central to Buddhism; it represents the journey between hedonistic pleasure on one extreme and denial of the body on the other, towards enlightenment.
What is the Middle Way (or path)?
This is the name of the founder of Buddhism.
Who is Siddhartha Guatama?
These are the Four Noble Truths.
What is (1) all of life is suffering and sorrow; (2) the cause of suffering and sorrow is the craving / desire for things (an emotional response to things); (3) one can end the suffering and sorrow by ending the desire / craving; (4) end the desire or craving by following the 8 fold path?
This was the name of the former Qin policeman who became the first Han emperor.
Who was Liu Bang?
This was the major trade route that stretched from China, westward to the Mediterranean coast.
What was the Silk Road?
This was the name of the first Chinese emperor – the guy that built the terra cotta soldiers.
Who was Shi Huangdi?
This is an explanation of Legalist thought on the issues of what could perfect men, what legalists revered, and what they harshly punished.
What are laws, performing your duty, and not following the laws or doing your duty?
These are the three legalist ideas that survived to today.
What are utilitarianism, the rule of law, and uniformity?
This is the most mystical, abstract & otherworldly of the three philosophies we studied.
What was Daoism?
This is the name of the collection of sayings of Confucius.
What are the Analects?
This symbol represents the concept of balance, in the Daoist tradition.
What are yin and yang?
These are four of the five relationships that Confucius believed were key to restoring China.
What are (1) ruler and subject, (2) father and son, (3) older to younger brother, (4) husband and wife and (5) older and younger friends?
These are two ways EACH that Confucianism and Daoism continue to influence China today.
What are (Confucianism) individual moral duty, government responsibility to people, community standards, respect for elders & (Daoism) individual freedom, spontaneity, laissez faire government and mysticism?
The Golden Age of Hindu culture occurred during this dynasty.
What is the Gupta Dynasty?
These are the two religions worshipped during Ashoka’s reign.
What are Hinduism and Buddhism?
This was the name of the founder of the Mauryan Dynasty.
Who is Chandragupta?
These are two reasons for the fall of the Gupta Dynasty.
What are a series of weak rulers and an invasion of Huns?
These are four examples of Mauryan culture during Ashoka’s reign.
What are religious tolerance, respect for human dignity, complex central government, well established caste system, and democracy at local level / autocracy at national level?
This was the name of the founder of the Daoist philosophy.
Who was Lao Zi?
This is what we call Chinese (and to a lesser extent, Hindu) male dominated society.
What is a patriarchy?
For the Buddhist faithful, this is the goal of following the Eightfold Path; it represents a stilling of the desire / striving.
What is nirvana?
TWO PART ANSWER: This is the principle upon which the Han Dynasty Civil Service was based; in addition, this was the philosophy upon which the Civil Service exam was based.
What was ability, not merit AND Confucianism?
These are four examples of how an empire like the Qin or Han might unify their vast territory.
What are (1) common language (spoken / written); (2) road system; (3) common currency; (4) common culture; (5) common religion; (6) Other – (there are lots of ways!)?