Presentation on theme: "Vultures Chinua Achebe. Chinua Achebe was born in Nigeria, West Africa in 1931. His father was a missionary and he was brought up as a Christian. In the."— Presentation transcript:
Vultures Chinua Achebe
Chinua Achebe was born in Nigeria, West Africa in His father was a missionary and he was brought up as a Christian. In the late 1960s, during the war between Nigeria and Biafra, he and his wife and children were almost killed when their home was bombed. The war ended in 1970 when the Biafran population had been starved into defeat. Achebe wrote about his experiences of war in the 1971 collection Beware, Soul Brother where Vultures first appeared.
Social & Historical Context
Faces of War in the 2oth Century Although Achebe was born in Nigeria he worked for the government of Biafra and witnessed the terrible things that happened to the Biafran population by the Nigerians during the war. Published only a year after Biafra had lost the conflict, Vultures reflects on the cruel and murderous deeds ‘ordinary’ people commit during war. Children starved in the Nigeria - Biafran War Belsen concentration camp
What is it About?
Vultures Brainstorm what you know about Vultures. Use a spider diagram to help you organise your ideas. appearance Where they live How they live Where you have read about or seen them Things you associate with them
Vultures LinesMeaning so far 1-21Describes two vultures sitting high up in a dead tree 22-29Love is described as a person who chooses to ignore evil 30-40A Nazi concentration camp commandant walks home with the fumes of burnt flesh in his nose and stops to buy sweets for his child 41-51The poet reflects that goodness exists within evil but that evil also exists within goodness The poem is divided into four sections.
Images of Vultures Consider the description of the vultures in the first section. Find quotes to show that the birds appear disgusting and horrible but can still be loving.
Section Two Evil / Cruel / UglyGood / Kind / Loving Fumes of human roastPick up a chocolate Read the description of the Nazi Commandant in section two. Note down the contrasting imagery used.
Remember what we said about Chinua Achebe’s experiences of war? Re-read lines 1 – 21. How do the actions of the vultures compare to the way people can behave in a war?
Contrast Evil Picked the eyes Swollen corpseGood Tender offspring Bounteous providence Many images in the poem contrast, emphasising the contrast between good and evil. Find examples of each and add them to the columns below.
Imagery Think about the words the poet uses. Copy down the chart below. Make notes on what the poet’s words suggest to you. The ImagesNotes on the images The greyness and drizzle of one despondent dawn Conveys a dull, wet morning – little light or hope suggested Broken bone of a dead tree Smooth bashed-in head, a pebble on a stem A dump of gross feathers A swollen corpse in a water- logged trench Cold telescopic eyes Ate the things in its bowel
magery Imagery The ImagesNotes on the images Going home for the day Fumes of human roast Hairy nostrils Wayside sweet-shop Tender offspring Daddy’s return Icy caverns of a cruel heart The very germ of that kindred love the perpetuity of evil
Poetic Techniques Technique Definition Metaphor The use of the same sound at the start of words Alliteration A figure of speech not meant literally Onomatopoeia The attribution of human qualities to an object Personification A word which imitates the sound it represents Match the technique with the correct definition.
Poetic Techniques Think about the poetic techniques discussed on the last slide. Copy down the chart below. Find examples in the poem and write down the effect created. TechniqueEvidenceEffect alliteration‘drizzle of one despondent dawn’ Along with the imagery, alliterating the dull ‘d’ sound sets the dark, miserable tone of the opening section.
Check Understanding Using the notes you have made so far answer this question: Explain how Chinua Achebe uses language to comment on the inhumanity of war in ‘Vultures’.
Useful Stuff Vultures short films: eature=related &feature=related BBC Bitesize Poems From Other Cultures: poemscult/acheberev2.shtml
More Useful Stuff Annotated PPT version of Vultures Vultures_0.ppt A copy of Vultures with notes & questions an_American_History_Month/Vultures_%2 0Chinua%20Achebe_Assignments.pdf