Presentation on theme: "Essay Question Answers to questions in this section should refer to the text and to such relevant features as: word choice, tone, imagery, structure, content,"— Presentation transcript:
1 Essay QuestionAnswers to questions in this section should refer to the text and to such relevant features as: word choice, tone, imagery, structure, content, rhythm, theme, sound, ideas…..Choose a poem, which deals with a real or imaginary incident that highlights an important theme.Show how the poet makes the incident convincing and then explain how this conveys the theme.The horror of warIncident is gas attackVivid description of soldiers and suffering of gas victim. Contrast between title andreality of war
2 Sample IntroductionThe powerful protest poem, “Dulce Et Decorum Est” describes an incident from the First World War witnessed by the author, Wilfred Owen. Owen describes the terrible suffering of a group of soldiers retreating from war and the impact of a gas attack to explore the theme of the horror and inhumanity of war. I found this poem very moving as it gives a very vivid account of human suffering and the suffering caused by conflict, a topic that I feel is still very relevant today.
3 Planning Your EssayTo plan you need to think about how you will divide the poem up, selecting which quotes you will analyse in each paragraph of P.C.Q.E.In your groups plan 5 paragraphs of P.C.Q.EYou need to consider these factorsWrite a point that clearly answers the questionsChoose quotes that are most clearly relate to the demands of the taskChoose quotes that reflect a good overall knowledge of the WHOLE textChoose quotes that are of a length that allows you to provide some depth of analysis but does not exceed 3 lines (you may use ellipsis)Make a note of the techniques you will analyse
4 Sample Paragraph Plan Paragraph 1: POINT: Owen opens the poem with a powerful and vivid image to engage the reader at the start of essayCONTEXT: describes shocking state of soldiers as they retreat from warQUOTE:” Bent double, like old beggars under sacks,/Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge……. All went lame, all blind;/Drunk with fatigue”EXPLANATION:Contrast with title/ use of similes/ onomatopoeia/ repetition/ metaphor
5 Exemplar P.C.Q.EThe first way in which Owen portrays the character of the wounded soldier vividly is in the opening lines of the poem when the soldier is portrayed as a pathetic and isolated figure. Owen creates a gloomy mood suggesting the man’s isolation.He sat in a wheeled chair, waiting for dark,And shivered in his ghastly suit of grey,Legless, sewn short at elbow. Through the parkVoices of boys rang saddening like a hymn..”The word choice of ‘wheeled chair’ creates a vivid image of the character who is the focus of the poem. It skilfully conveys how the once active soldier is now helpless and dependant on others. Owen implies the man is very depressed in the phrase, ‘waiting for dark’. Darkness has connotations of misery and death suggesting this character is now simply waiting out the rest of his life and that he may be suicidal. Enjambment is used to emphasise the source of the man’s misery, he has lost his limbs. The reference to his clothes, ‘sewn short’ creates a clear picture of the man’s pathetic appearance. It may also symbolise how his youthful, care free existence before the war has also been cut short. The contrast between the boys playing outside and the soldier effectively highlights his infirmity and his lost youth. A simile, ‘saddening like a hymn’ helps us understand how the happy voices of the boys serve only to remind the soldier of his loneliness. It is as if they are a funeral song, mourning his suffering.
6 Strengths and targets Strengths Clear linking to the task Strong use of technical termsGood understanding of the textClear and fluent expressionClear and detailed explanation and analysis of quotesTargetsLink more clearly to the task in your point/ explanation and analysisMake greater use of technical terms e.g. simile and metaphorWork on your expression – you do not explain ideas clearlyGive more detailed analysis of quotesGive a clear personal response to the text.Technical accuracy spelling/ punctuation needs work-proof read carefully
7 Writing a conclusionTo write a conclusion for a critical essay there is a simple formula you can follow.Refer back to the task and evaluateGive an example to back up your evaluationGive a personal response to the text as a wholeExample: Throughout ‘Disabled’ Wilfred Owen conveys the character of the wounded soldier very vividly using emotive language and imagery to great effect. The use of rhetorical questions at the end of the poem particularly apt as it highlights the sense of loss the soldier feels and expresses Owen’s anti war theme in a subtle but moving manner. This poem clearly conveys the horror of war by confronting the reader with the misery and suffering of one man in order to suggest the impact the Great War and other conflicts had on millions of others.