Presentation on theme: "Dear Teacher…”Hitler’s Rise” In a short paragraph, describe the rise of Adolf Hitler within Germany during the early 1930s."— Presentation transcript:
Dear Teacher…”Hitler’s Rise” In a short paragraph, describe the rise of Adolf Hitler within Germany during the early 1930s.
The Great Depression and Germany Between 1924 and 1928, the Nazis had minimal power in Germany 12 seats in Reichstag The depression hit Germany in 1930 Many conservatives and the military put their support to the Nazis to avoid a communist takeover
Steps to Power Hitler organized the Storm Troopers (SA, Brown Shirts) to fight communists Election of 1930—Nazis gain107 seats in Reichstag President von Hindenburg – after eight months of trying to appease the Nazis without putting Adolf Hitler in power, in January 1933, he names Hitler chancellor
Popular Appeal of the Nazis unemployment reaches six million in 1932 43 percent Fear of communism by conservatives The Weimar had no dominant party to lead and deal with Germany’s problems Hitler outlined his promise to restore Germany to greatness in his Mein Kampf – Wrote while in jail after the failed Beer Hall Putsch in 1923
Hitler’s Consolidation of Power 1.Reichstag Fire –communist burns down Reichstag 2.Hitler issues Article 48 – emergency decree suspending civil liberties and arresting suspected Communists 3.The Enabling Act – permitted Hitler to rule by decree, giving him unlimited power – National Socialists the only legal party in Germany 5.June 30, 1934—Night of the Long Knives– Hitler orders German army to kill SA including leader Ernst Roehm because they were becoming too popular 6.Hindenburg dies – Hitler names himself chancellor and president making him sole ruler of Germany and Nazi Party
The Reichstag fire in 1933 provided Hitler with an excuse to consolidate his power. Bildarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz
Hitler’s Nazi Germany ( ) 1934 election—Hitler received 90% vote of confidence from the German people Attacked democracy Opposed Marxism Advocated extreme nationalism Belief in Aryan supremacy Promoted anti-semitism
Hitler’s mastery of the techniques of mass politics and propaganda—including huge staged rallies like this one in 1938—was an important factor in his rise to power. Art Resource/Bildarchiv Preussischer kulturbesitz.
Women in Nazi Germany women were expected to breed strong sons and daughters to make a pure race of Germans – Offered bonuses Jewish, Slavic, and Gypsy women were killed women who bore weak children were sterilized, killed or forced to have abortions motherhood emphasized, but women were encouraged to work especially as educators teaching the young about Nazi philosophy
The Nazi Party Rally Young women were enthusiastic supporters among the crowd extending the Nazi salute in a 1938 rally. Bildarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz
Anti-Semitism and the Police State SS organization – commanded by Heinrich Himmler, became chief vehicle of police surveillance and carried out the purges attack on Jewish economic life – anti-Semitism based on biological racial theories, leads to Nazis excluding Jews from civil service and the boycotts of Jewish businesses and shops Nuremberg Laws – German Jews robbed of citizenship, prohibited from marrying non-Jews, and publicly humiliated
Soon after seizing power, the Nazi government began harassing German Jewish businesses. Non-Jewish German citizens were urged not to buy merchandise from shops owned by Jews. Art Resource/Bildarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz
Kristallnacht – Jews forbade to be in business, thousands of Jewish stores and synagogues destroyed and Jews forced to pay for the clean-up The Final Solution – Jews forced into small ghettos, then taken to prison camps and in 1941 and 1942 the Final Solution leads to the extermination of six million eastern European Jews
Nazi Economic Policy Hitler’s oppressive regime received support because he swiftly ended the Depression in Germany people would sacrifice all political and civil liberty, limit private exercise of capital in order to prepare for war and aggression massive public works programs renunciation of the Treaty of Versailles leads Hitler to appoint Hermann Goring, to undertake a four-year plan to prepare the army and economy for war trade unions crushed and outlawed