Presentation on theme: "Dear Teacher…”Hitler’s Rise”"— Presentation transcript:
1Dear Teacher…”Hitler’s Rise” In a short paragraph, describe the rise of Adolf Hitler within Germany during the early 1930s.
2The Great Depression and Germany Between 1924 and 1928, the Nazis had minimal power in Germany12 seats in ReichstagThe depression hit Germany in 1930Many conservatives and the military put their support to the Nazis to avoid a communist takeover
3Steps to PowerHitler organized the Storm Troopers (SA, Brown Shirts) to fight communistsElection of 1930—Nazis gain107 seats in ReichstagPresident von Hindenburg – after eight months of trying to appease the Nazis without putting Adolf Hitler in power, in January 1933, he names Hitler chancellor
4Popular Appeal of the Nazis unemployment reaches six million in 193243 percentFear of communism by conservativesThe Weimar had no dominant party to lead and deal with Germany’s problemsHitler outlined his promise to restore Germany to greatness in his Mein KampfWrote while in jail after the failed Beer Hall Putsch in 1923
5Hitler’s Consolidation of Power Reichstag Fire –communist burns down ReichstagHitler issues Article 48 – emergency decree suspending civil liberties and arresting suspected CommunistsThe Enabling Act – permitted Hitler to rule by decree, giving him unlimited power1933 – National Socialists the only legal party in GermanyJune 30, 1934—Night of the Long Knives– Hitler orders German army to kill SA including leader Ernst Roehm because they were becoming too popularHindenburg dies – Hitler names himself chancellor and president making him sole ruler of Germany and Nazi Party
6The Reichstag fire in 1933 provided Hitler with an excuse to consolidate his power. Bildarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz
7Hitler’s Nazi Germany (1933-1945) 1934 election—Hitler received 90% vote of confidence from the German peopleAttacked democracyOpposed MarxismAdvocated extreme nationalismBelief in Aryan supremacyPromoted anti-semitism
8Hitler’s mastery of the techniques of mass politics and propaganda—including huge staged rallies like this one in 1938—was an important factor in his rise to power.Art Resource/Bildarchiv Preussischer kulturbesitz.
9Women in Nazi Germanywomen were expected to breed strong sons and daughters to make a pure race of GermansOffered bonusesJewish, Slavic, and Gypsy women were killedwomen who bore weak children were sterilized, killed or forced to have abortionsmotherhood emphasized, but women were encouraged to work especially as educators teaching the young about Nazi philosophy
10extending the Nazi salute in a 1938 rally. The Nazi Party Rally Young women were enthusiastic supporters among the crowdextending the Nazi salute in a 1938 rally.Bildarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz
11Anti-Semitism and the Police State SS organization – commanded by Heinrich Himmler, became chief vehicle of police surveillance and carried out the purgesattack on Jewish economic life – anti-Semitism based on biological racial theories, leads to Nazis excluding Jews from civil service and the boycotts of Jewish businesses and shopsNuremberg Laws – German Jews robbed of citizenship, prohibited from marrying non-Jews, and publicly humiliated
12citizens were urged not to buy merchandise from shops owned by Jews. Soon after seizing power, the Nazi government began harassing German Jewish businesses. Non-Jewish Germancitizens were urged not to buy merchandise from shops owned by Jews.Art Resource/Bildarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz
13Kristallnacht – Jews forbade to be in business, thousands of Jewish stores and synagogues destroyed and Jews forced to pay for the clean-upThe Final Solution – Jews forced into small ghettos, then taken to prison camps and in 1941 and 1942 the Final Solution leads to the extermination of six million eastern European Jews
16Nazi Economic PolicyHitler’s oppressive regime received support because he swiftly ended the Depression in Germanypeople would sacrifice all political and civil liberty, limit private exercise of capital in order to prepare for war and aggressionmassive public works programsrenunciation of the Treaty of Versailles leads Hitler to appoint Hermann Goring, to undertake a four-year plan to prepare the army and economy for wartrade unions crushed and outlawed