11- While in Vienna, Hitler developed his ideology – racism was at the core of his beliefs; he was anextreme nationalist and understood the use ofpropaganda and terrorAdolf Hitler in Munich, August 1914
12A young Hitler (left) posing with other German soldiers. Hitler served four years during WWI, then enteredpolitics in Germany. In 1919, he joined and eventuallycontrolled the National Socialist German Workers’Party (Nazi Party)A young Hitler (left) posing with other German soldiers.Nazi Party Flag
13Hitler, Ludendorf, and Others After the Beer Hall Putsch 1923, Hitler staged an uprising in Munich – the BeerHall Putsch – which was quickly crushed; Hitler wassent to prisonHitler, Ludendorf, and Others After the Beer Hall Putsch
14Hitler at Landsberg Prison Hitler's Cell at Landsberg Prison
15While in prison, Hitler wrote, Mein Kampf (My Struggle) – in it he outlines his basic ideas and plansHis ideas combined:▪ German nationalism▪ anti-Semitism▪ anticommunism▪ in the book he also embraced the notion thatstronger nations should expand to obtain livingspace and that superior leaders should rule overthe masses
16Rise of Nazism:▪ Hitler realized that the way to power was throughlegal means, therefore he worked to expand the Naziparty throughout Germany; by 1929, the Nazi’s hada national party organization and by 1931 was thelargest political party in the Reichstag.▪ Germany’s economic problems helped the Nazi’scome to power; many people were in desperatesituations, which made extreme parties popular;Hitler appealed to national pride and militarism togain support
17▪ After 1930, the Reichstag lost power and Hitler Victory of Nazism:▪ After 1930, the Reichstag lost power and Hitlergained power; industrial leaders aristocrats, militaryofficers, and high-level bureaucrats wanted Hitler tolead the country▪ 1933, the Nazis pressuredPresident Hindenburg toallow Hitler to becomechancellor and create a newgovernmentHitler is appointed chancellor by Hindenburg
18▪ March 1933, the Reichstag passed the Enabling Act, which gave the government the power toignore the constitution and pass laws to deal withthe nation’s problems. The act gave Hitler a legalbasis to become a dictator appointed by theReichstag.▪ Nazis established control; Jews were purged fromthe civil service, trade unions were dissolved,concentration camps set up for Nazi opponents,and all political parties except the Nazis wereabolished; when Hindenburg died, the Nazisabolished the presidency and Hitler became theonly leader known as the Fuhrer (leader)
19Hitler as Chancellor of Germany (30 January 1933) K. The Nazi State, :Hitler’s goal was to develop an Aryan racial state todominate Europe and possibly the world; to reachthis goal Nazi’s used economic policies, mass rallies,organizations, and terror; Hitler’s empire was calledthe Third ReichHitler as Chancellor of Germany (30 January 1933)
20Heinrich Himmler as Reichsfuehrer SS - The State and Terror:▪ While Hitler ruled absolutelyover the Nazi party, therewere internal struggles.The SS or “Guard Squadrons”were important for maintainingorder▪ The SS controlled all the policeforces and was under thedirection of Heinrich Himmler;Himmler’s goal was to furtherthe Aryan race; he used terrortactics to achieve this goalHeinrich Himmler as Reichsfuehrer SS
21The army went from 100,000 in 1933, to 1.4 million in 1939. - Economic Policies:▪ Hitler put people back to work through public worksprojects and grants to private constructioncompanies. He also started a massive rearmamentprogram; unemployment dropped; depression comesto an end helping the Nazis be accepted by theGermansThe army went from 100,000 in 1933, to 1.4 million in 1939.
22▪ Nazis believed women were to be wives and - Women and Nazism:▪ Nazis believed women were to be wives andmothers; their role was to bear Aryan children; Nazisalso controlled the types of work women could doand strongly encouraged them to stay at homeThe League of German Girls was a compulsory youth organization for German girls formed in the early 1930s. The purpose of the organization, along with the Hitler Youth for boys, was to indoctrinate young people into the politics and culture of the Nazi Party.