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The Rise of Fascism & Nazism Mussolini in Italy & Hitler in Germany.

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Presentation on theme: "The Rise of Fascism & Nazism Mussolini in Italy & Hitler in Germany."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Rise of Fascism & Nazism Mussolini in Italy & Hitler in Germany

2 Standard Analyze the rise, aggression, and human costs of totalitarian regimes (Fascist and Communist) in Germany, Italy, and the Soviet Union, noting especially their common and dissimilar traits.

3 After World War I, people everywhere questioned old ideas about religion, leadership, and even science. Men like Sigmund Freud developed new ideas about what motivated people. Albert Einstein develops the Theory of Relativity which upsets scientific beliefs held since Isaac Newton.

4 1. A Culture in Conflict A.new ideas and science changed ideas about the world i.atomic theory ii.theory of relativity iii.psychoanalysis

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6 1. A Culture in Conflict A.new ideas and science changed ideas about the world i.atomic theory ii.theory of relativity iii.psychoanalysis B.new literature and the arts lead to a sense of uncertainty

7 After women won the right to vote in Russia, western nations that claimed to be democratic finally were forced to give women the vote.

8 1. A Culture in Conflict A.new ideas and science changed ideas about the world i.atomic theory ii.theory of relativity iii.psychoanalysis B.new trends in literature and the arts contributed to a sense of uncertainty C.women made progress in education and politics but still lagged behind men in career opportunities and pay

9 International Relations

10 The War to End All Wars ended on November 11, 1918 Europe was left to wonder what had happened… Over 65 million men were mobilized… There were 37,500,000 casualties… Over 8,500,000 men died Over 21 million men returned injured The war cost over $31,000,000,000 someone had to pay…the question was who…

11 Futility Nihilism Despair Distrust of government Hopelessness Anger Atheism Leadership failure Suicide Frustration NEVER AGAIN

12 2. The Western Democracies A.after World War I diplomats worked hard to make: i.treaties that ended war

13 After World War I, President Woodrow Wilson proposed the 14 Points for peace. One of Wilson’s ideas was to create a League of Nations. The League excluded Germany and Russia. Most importantly, Americans did not seem sure that the League was a good idea. The League of Nations The U.S. Senate decided to reject Wilson’s plans for the League. The USA never joined…

14 2. The Western Democracies A.after World War I diplomats worked hard to make: i.treaties that ended war ii.cooperation in the League of Nations

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16 2. The Western Democracies A.after World War I diplomats worked hard to make: i.treaties that ended war ii.cooperation in the League of Nations B.leading democratic powers faced difficult political and economic challenges at home and abroad

17 2. The Western Democracies A.after World War I diplomats worked hard to make: i.treaties that ended war ii.cooperation in the League of Nations B.leading democratic powers faced difficult political and economic challenges at home and abroad C.the Great Depression created financial turmoil and widespread suffering throughout the industrialized world

18 Rise of Fascist Italy Italians were furious that they were not given more land after World War I. They also feared a Communist Revolution like Russia. Many were attracted to the idea of a strong leader. preached extreme nationalism nations must struggle – peaceful nations were doomed no clearly defined program for improvement citizens lose individual rights state is supreme

19 3. Fascism in Italy A.Benito Mussolini and his Fascist Party took advantage of political and economic unrest to seize power in the 1920s.

20 3.Fascism in Italy A.Benito Mussolini and his Fascist Party took advantage of political and economic unrest to seize power in the 1920s. B.Fascism was rooted in extreme nationalism and glorified action, violence, discipline, and loyalty to the state. C.As Il Duce, Mussolini established the first totalitarian state which served as a model for others.

21 Rise of Adolf Hitler

22 4.Hitler and the Rise of Nazi Germany A.Weimer Republic weakened by disunity and inflation. Many blamed the government for the hated treaty of Versailles

23 4.Hitler and the Rise of Nazi Germany A.Weimer Republic weakened by disunity and inflation. Many blamed the government for the hated treaty of Versailles B.Hitler appealed to extreme nationalism, anti-Semitism, anti-communism, and resentment of the Treaty of Versailles

24 Hitler’s Rise to Dictator in 1933 Hitler became Chancellor of Germany (Weimer Republic) he did not have a majority he called for new elections six days before the elections, the Nazis burned down the Reichstag and blamed Communists Hitler won a small majority and declared a one-party state

25 4.Hitler and the Rise of Nazi Germany A.Weimer Republic weakened by disunity and inflation. Many blamed the government for the hated treaty of Versailles B.Hitler appealed to extreme nationalism, anti-Semitism, anti-communism, and resentment of the Treaty of Versailles C.Hitler and the Nazis used terror, repression, and one party rule to create a totalitarian society

26 4.Hitler and the Rise of Nazi Germany A.Weimer Republic weakened by disunity and inflation. Many blamed the government for the hated treaty of Versailles B.Hitler appealed to extreme nationalism, anti-Semitism, anti-communism, and resentment of the Treaty of Versailles C.Hitler and the Nazis used terror, repression, and one party rule to create a totalitarian society D.Economic problems and ethnic tensions in Eastern Europe helped fascist dictators gain power there


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