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Warm Up Which of the following does not describe Hitler’s Germany, Mussolini’s Italy, and Stalin’s Russia? A They were all totalitarian governments. B.

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Presentation on theme: "Warm Up Which of the following does not describe Hitler’s Germany, Mussolini’s Italy, and Stalin’s Russia? A They were all totalitarian governments. B."— Presentation transcript:

1 Warm Up Which of the following does not describe Hitler’s Germany, Mussolini’s Italy, and Stalin’s Russia? A They were all totalitarian governments. B Political opponents were killed in each state. C All three nations wanted to expand their borders. D Marxist principles governed all economic activity.

2 Agenda Warm up (5 minutes) Reading Quiz (10 minutes) Hitler’s Rise notes (15 minutes) Sourcing Hitler (20 minutes) Debrief (5 minutes)

3 Reading Quiz Use the word bank on the board to match the following definitions with their appropriate terms: 1.“Living Space”; the additional territory that, according to Hitler, Germany needed because it was overcrowded 2. “My Struggle”; the name of Hitler’s book that he wrote in prison about all of his ideas for Germany 3.A unique variety of fascism found in Germany that involved biological racism and anti-Semitism. 4.Leader in Germany from

4 Hitler’s Rise to Power What were the social, economic and cultural conditions that allowed Hitler to come to power in Germany?

5 Hitler’s Rise to Power November 11, 1918: Germans are forced to sign the Armistice June 28, 1919: Germans are forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles by the Allied Powers

6 Hitler’s Rise to Power Germany felt betrayed by the treatment of the Allies. The Treaty of Versailles forced Germany to: Reduce their military Accept blame for WWI Lose land and Colonies Pay reparations

7 Hitler’s Rise to Power As a result, Germany faced devastating inflation and high unemployment. Germany’s government, the Weimar Republic, was unstable: Weak coalition governments had to be formed No democratic tradition

8 Hitler’s Rise to Power 1889:Hitler born in Austria 1913:Hitler moves to Germany 1914:Joins German Army; fights in WWI Wounded, earns Iron Cross – high honor

9 Hitler’s Rise to Power 1920: Hitler Joins National Socialist German Worker’s Party (Nazis) 1923: Beer Hall Putsch – Hitler tries and fails to overthrow the government; realizes he must take power legally 1924: Hitler writes Mein Kampf (My Struggle) in prison

10 Hitler’s Rise to Power 1924: Inflation kept under control Dawes Plan and Young Plan help stabilize Germany’s economy

11 1929: U.S. Stock Market Crashes! The Great Depression…

12 The Election of 1932 Communist Party (KPD) National Socialist German Worker’s Party (NSDAP) Social Democratic Party (SPD)

13 Election of 1932 Communist Party Lower taxes for workers; raise for rich Spend less on military Increase welfare spending Equal distribution of wealth; no one richer or poorer than another ONE party; no individual rights Communist Party is supreme – total power

14 Election of 1932 National Socialist Party Strong leadership; ONE party rule – Nationalism!! Build military back up Get rid of Treaty of Versailles Get rid of non-Germans No trade unions or individual rights Violent and racist

15 Election of 1932 Social Democratic Party Protect workers rights and conditions – allow trade unions Limit military spending Tax imports to protect German products & jobs DEMOCRACY!!! Individual rights protected – keep the right to vote

16 WARM UP In the 1920’s and 1930’s, the rise of totalitarian governments in Germany, Italy, and Spain was largely the result of A)the success of the Communists in establishing a command economy in the Soviet Union B)severe economic and social problems that arose in Europe after World War I C)the active support of the United States D)movements demanding the return of the old monarchies

17 Agenda Warm up (5 minutes) EYS (5 minutes) Hitler clip (5 minutes) Rise of Hitler notes (15 minutes) Study Guide (15 minutes) Debrief (10 minutes)

18 Earn Your Seat What are the two main focuses of fascism? What is a totalitarian leader? What are some methods totalitarian leaders use to take total control? What was the Beer Hall Putsch? Define inflation Why did inflation occur in Germany? What was the Weimar Republic? What was the Great Purge?

19 Quiz Preview 20 mastery points Matching, short answer, multiple choice

20 Intro Clip on Hitler’s Rise to Power yAag&feature=fvw

21 Reichstag Elections between 1928 and 1932: Political Party /3211/32 Nazis (NSDAP) German Nationalist Party German People’s Party Center Party German Democratic Party Social Democrats (SPD) Communists (KPD) Other TOTAL

22 Presidential Election Results: April 10, 1932 Hindenburg – SPD (Democrat) 53% Hitler - NSDAP (Fascist) 37% Thaelmann – KPD (Communist) 10%

23 Hitler’s Rise to Power 1933: Jan. 30: Hindenburg names Hitler Chancellor

24 Hitler’s Rise to Power 1933: Jan. 30: Hindenburg names Hitler Chancellor Feb. 27: Reichstag building burns – Hitler blames the Communists

25 Hitler’s Rise to Power 1933: Jan. 30: Hindenburg names Hitler Chancellor Feb. 27: Reichstag building burns – Hitler blames the Communists Mar. 20: Dachau - First concentration camp

26 Hitler’s Rise to Power 1933: Jan. 30: Hindenburg names Hitler Chancellor Feb. 27: Reichstag building burns – Hitler blames the Communists Mar. 20: Dachau - First concentration camp

27 Hitler’s Rise to Power 1933: Jan. 30: Hindenburg names Hitler Chancellor Feb. 27: Reichstag building burns – Hitler blames the Communists Mar. 20: Dachau - First concentration camp Mar. 23: Reichstag passes Enabling Act – Hitler has full dictatorial power

28 Hitler’s Rise to Power 1933: Jan. 30: Hindenburg names Hitler Chancellor Feb. 27: Reichstag building burns – Hitler blames the Communists Mar. 20: Dachau - First concentration camp Mar. 23: Reichstag passes Enabling Act – Hitler has full dictatorial power June 22: SPD banned

29 Hitler’s Rise to Power 1934: Jun. 30: Night of the Long Knives => Hitler gains support of Army

30 Hitler’s Rise to Power 1934: Jun. 30: Night of the Long Knives => Hitler gains support of Army Aug. 2: President Hindenburg dies => Hitler is Führer

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32 Study Guide 5 minutes of silent time with only help of notes 5 minutes of time with partner first, then you can ask me I will give you the answers before you leave

33 Sourcing Activity In pairs, examine the source and complete graphic organizer for at least 6 I will dismiss three pairs at a time to “roam” through the gallery of documents Our Guiding Question: –What conditions led to the Rise of Hitler? –What tools did Hitler use to maintain his power?


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