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_____ are court decisions that are referred to when courts are making decisions in future similar cases.

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Presentation on theme: "_____ are court decisions that are referred to when courts are making decisions in future similar cases."— Presentation transcript:

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3 _____ are court decisions that are referred to when courts are making decisions in future similar cases.

4 __________ is the power of the courts to rule whether a statute or act of government is unconstitutional.

5 A change or addition to a law or constitution is called a(n) _______________

6 _______________ are laws enacted by a legislative body.

7 A list of cases to be tried or reviewed by a court is called a(n) ____________________

8 A written explanation of a court ruling, reflecting the view of over half the judges in the case is called a __________ opinion.

9 A _________ is a written statement that a lawyer presents to a court to explain and argue a client’s case.

10 A _________ frees a person from criminal punishment.

11 The authority of a court to hear and decide cases is called the court’s ______________.

12 ____________ is the clause in Article IV of the U. S. Constitution that requires states to honor each other’s laws, records, and court decisions.

13 Anything that conflicts with or interferes with the Constitution is described as _____________________.

14 __________________ is a provision in the Constitution that makes federal law a higher authority than state law.

15 Mercy or leniency granted to a person accused of a crime is called ____________.

16 The authority of a court to review cases appealed from a lower court is called __________ jurisdiction.

17 A _______ opinion is a written explanation of the views of one or more judges in a case who disagree with the decision of the majority of the judges in that case.

18 A(n) ____________is a legal document that describes the powers and limits of government AND the rights and freedoms of the people.

19 ________ means to approve a constitution, amendment, or law.

20 Authority held solely by a federal or state court to hear certain types of cases is called ________________ jurisdiction.

21 Authority of a court to hear a case first is called _______________ jurisdiction.

22 _____________ is a system set up in the U.S. Constitution that gives each branch of the federal government ways of influencing what the other branches do, so that no branch becomes too powerful.

23 To formally accuse a public official of misconduct is to ___________ them.

24 __________ is the body of law that deals with all issues not covered by criminal law, including family matters, housing, business contracts, civil rights, and physical injuries.

25 ______________ is a body of law based on judges’ decisions.

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27 TRUE or FALSE? The legislative branch of government has the power to create all federal courts below the U.S. Supreme Court.

28 TRUE or FALSE? The judicial branch of gov’t can propose amendments to the U.S. Constitution.

29 TRUE or FALSE? The legislative branch has the power to review the constitutionality of executive orders.

30 TRUE or FALSE? The judicial branch can overturn any law that conflicts with the U.S. Constitution.

31 TRUE or FALSE? The legislative branch can override a veto of the President.

32 TRUE or FALSE? The executive branch interprets and applies the laws of the United States.

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34 In the WA State Court System, which level of courts are the courts of original jurisdiction for felony criminal cases? Courts of Appeal Supreme Court District Courts Municipal Courts Superior Courts

35 Which court is the final court of appeal for legal issues that relate to the U.S. Constitution? U.S. Courts of Appeal WA State Courts of Appeal WA State Supreme Court U. S. District Courts U. S. Supreme Court

36 How many U.S. Courts of Appeal are there in the country?

37 Where are the WA State Courts of Appeal located? Tacoma, Seattle, and Everett Tacoma, Wenatchee, and Spokane Seattle, Yakima, and Spokane Olympia, Seattle, and Spokane Spokane, Tacoma, and Seattle

38 Which court would have original jurisdiction in a DUI case that happened in Redmond? WA State Supreme Court Bellevue Municipal Court King County Superior Court King County District Court Redmond Municipal Court

39 If you sue your neighbor in Issaquah for cutting one of your trees down ($3,000), which court will have original jurisdiction? WA State Supreme Court U.S. District Court King County Superior Court Issaquah Municipal Court Issaquah District Court

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41 How many members are there in the U.S. House of Representatives?

42 What fraction of the states must vote “yes” to ratify a constitutional amendment? 4/5 1/3 1/2 2/3 3/4

43 What percentage of Congress must vote “yes” to create a new statute? 100% 60% 75% 67% 51%

44 Which judicial branch power would allow a court to overturn a state law that contradicted a federal law? Full Faith and Credit Clause Separation of Powers Checks and Balances Federal Supremacy Judicial Review

45 Which of the following statements is NOT true about how an amendment is added to the U.S. Constitution? 2/3 of the House of Representatives must vote in favor of the amendment. Congress proposes the amendment. 67 members of the Senate must vote in favor of the amendment. ¾ of the state must vote in favor of it for its ratification. The President must sign it in order to ratify it.

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47 Which case established the law that legalized abortion? Loving v. Virginia Brown v. Board of Education New Jersey v. T.L.O. Miranda v. Arizona Roe v. Wade

48 Which case established the law that arrested persons must be told the following: right to remain silent and right to an attorney? New Jersey v. T.L.O. Loving v. Virginia Brown v. Board of Education Roper v. Simmons Miranda v. Arizona

49 Which case established the law that made the death penalty an illegal form of punishment for juveniles? New Jersey v. T.L.O Loving v. Virginia Roe v. Wade Miranda v. Arizona Roper v. Simmons

50 Which case established the legalization of interracial marriages? Miranda v. Arizona New Jersey v. T.L.O. Roper v. Simmons Roe v. Wade Loving v. Virginia

51 Which case established that school officials can search students without a warrant? Loving v. Virginia Roper v. Simmons Miranda v. Arizona Brown v. Board of Education New Jersey v. T.L.O.

52 Which case established that public schools cannot discriminate on the basis of race? Loving v. Virginia Miranda v. Arizona Roe v. Wade New Jersey v. T.L.O. Brown v. Board of Education

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54 What source of law does this law represent: Freedom of Speech None of the above Statutes Court Decisions Administrative Regulations The Constitution

55 Law: All pharmaceutical drugs must be thoroughly tested before being sold to the public. None of the above Court Decisions The Constitution Statutes Administrative Regulations

56 Law: Minimum wage laws None of the above Court Decisions Administrative Regulations The Constitution Statutes

57 Law: Public schools must allow all races to attend. None of the above The Constitution Administrative Regulations Statutes Court Decisions

58 Law: A U.S. Senator’s term of office is 6 years. None of the above Administrative Regulations Statutes Court Decisions The Constitution


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